Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Wayne County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wooster
Organized: March 1, 1812[1]
Parent County(s): Columbiana, Stark[2]
Neighboring Counties
Medina  • Summit  • Stark  • Holmes  • Ashland
See County Maps
Wayne County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Wayne County.PNG

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named in honor of General Anthony Wayne, the victor at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. It is located in the Northeast area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Wayne County Courthouse
428 West Liberty St
Wooster, OH 44691
Phone: 330-287-5590
Wayne County Website

Wayne County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1813 1867 1812 1812 1812 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1828 Original courthouse in Wayne County, Ohio burned.[5] There is no known listing of the specific records and papers that were destroyed.
  • May 20, 1969 Current courthouse experienced fire damage.[6] No listing of any records that may have been damaged or destroyed is known to exist.
  • No known copies of Wayne County, Ohio Tax records from the 1850s and 1860s exist. The only exceptions are a few years that do exist in the early 1860s of Wooster, Ohio. These are photocopies only. No original records or microfilmed copies of these tax records are known to exist.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [9]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Wayne County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 11,933
1830 23,333 95.5%
1840 35,808 53.5%
1850 32,981 −7.9%
1860 32,483 −1.5%
1870 35,116 8.1%
1880 40,076 14.1%
1890 39,005 −2.7%
1900 37,870 −2.9%
1910 38,058 0.5%
1920 41,346 8.6%
1930 47,024 13.7%
1940 50,520 7.4%
1950 58,716 16.2%
1960 75,497 28.6%
1970 87,123 15.4%
1980 97,408 11.8%
1990 101,461 4.2%
2000 111,564 10.0%
2010 114,520 2.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Medina CountySummit CountyStark CountyHolmes CountyAshland CountyOH WAYNE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Servicemen from Wayne County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wayne County.

- 4th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (3 months, 1861), Company E (also known as Given Guards) with many men from Wooster.
- 41st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C
- 102nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry , Companies F, H , and I
- 107th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C, especially from the town of Wooster
- 166th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (National Guard), Company G

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Wayne County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Wayne County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Wayne County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Wayne County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Fredericksburg Community Library
108 S Mill St
PO Box 24
Fredericksburg, OH 44627

Orrville Public Library
230 N Main St
Orrville, OH 44667

Wayne County Public Library
Main Library
220 W Liberty St
PO Box 1349
Wooster, OH 44691

Museums[edit | edit source]

Wayne County Historical Society Museum
546 E Bowman St
Wooster, OH 44691

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Wayne County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Research Library in the History Center
10825 East Blvd
Cleveland, OH 44106
FamilySearch Wiki

Wayne County Chapter, OGS
PO Box 856
Wooster, OH 44691

Wayne County Historical Societies by communities

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/wayne/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Picturesque Wayne, page 34
  6. The Daily Record Tuesday, May 20, 1969, page 1
  7. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  8. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Wayne County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_County,_Ohio, accessed 18 January 2019.