Washington County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Washington County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Marietta
Organized: Jul 27 1788[1]
Parent County(s): Unorganized territory[2]
Neighboring Counties
Monroe  • Noble  • Morgan  • Athens  • Wood (WV)  • Pleasants (WV)  • Tyler (WV)
See County Maps
Washington County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH washington.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for George Washington.[3] It is located in the Southeast area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Washington County Courthouse
205 Putnam St
Marietta, OH 45750
Phone: 740-373-6623
Washington County Website[5]

Washington County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1789 1867 1795 1788 1789 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Washington County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 5,427
1810 5,991 10.4%
1820 10,425 74.0%
1830 11,731 12.5%
1840 20,823 77.5%
1850 29,540 41.9%
1860 36,268 22.8%
1870 40,609 12.0%
1880 43,244 6.5%
1890 42,380 −2.0%
1900 48,245 13.8%
1910 45,422 −5.9%
1920 43,049 −5.2%
1930 42,437 −1.4%
1940 43,537 2.6%
1950 44,407 2.0%
1960 51,689 16.4%
1970 57,160 10.6%
1980 64,266 12.4%
1990 62,254 −3.1%
2000 63,251 1.6%
2010 61,778 −2.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

  • Dennis, James L., Washington's Darker Brother: One Hundred Years of Black History in Washington County, Ohio, 1788-1888, (Parkersburg, West Virginia: J.L. Dennis, 1986). FHL book 977.198 F2d

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Morgan CountyNoble CountyMonroe CountyAthens CountyWood CountyPleasants CountyTyler CountyOH WASHINGTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Marietta Chapter (Marietta, Ohio). Revolutionary soldiers buried in Washington County, Ohio containing military records and short history of lives. Online at FamilySearch Digital Library.

Civil War
Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company L
- 36th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, F, and G
  • Sams, Catherine J. (Catherine Jean Lewis). 1890 census, veterans & widows of the Civil War, Washington County, Ohio. (Caldwell, Ohio F & L Enterprises, 1989) FHL Book 977.198 X2s

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Washington County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Washington County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Washington County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Washington County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Washington County Public Libraries
Main Library
615 Fifth St
Marietta, OH 45750-1973

Local History & Genealogy Archives
418 Washington St
Marietta, OH 45750

Museums[edit | edit source]

Campus Martius Museum
601 Second St
Marietta, OH 45750
740-373-3750 or 800-860-0145

Ohio River Museum
601 Front St
Marietta, OH 45750
740-373-3750 or 800-860-0145

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Washington County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Washington County Chapter Ohio Genealogical Society
PO Box 2174
Marietta, OH 45750

Washington County Historical Society
346 Muskingum Dr
PO Box 103
Marietta, OH 45750

Sons and Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen
PO Box 352
Marietta, OH 45750

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Ohio accessed 2/27/2017.
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Washington County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/washington/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Ohio, accessed 17 January 2019.