Washington County, Maine Genealogy

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Guide to Washington County, Maine ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Machias
Organized: June 25, 1789
Parent County(s): Lincoln
Neighboring Counties
Hancock  • Penobscot  • Aroostook  • York (NB)  • Charlotte (NB)  •
See County Maps
Maine, Washington County Courthouse.png
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Washington County was named for George Washington. The county is located in the southeastern area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Washington County Courthouse
85 Court Street
Machias, Maine 04654
Phone: 207-255-6591
Washington County Website

Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death and burial records. Clerk of the Court has divorce and court records from 1931, probate records from 1785, land records from 1783 and naturalization records from 1854. Maine State Archives, Augusta, has divorce and court records before 1931.[2]

Washington County, Maine Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1892 1892 1892 1791 1783 1785 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1892. General compliance year unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

MaineWashington CountyAroostook CountyPenobscot CountyHancock CountyNew BrunswickYork CountyCharlotte CountySunbury CountyTownship 8 R4 NDanforthForest City TownshipTownship 8 R3 NBrookton Township (aka Number 9 R3 Plantation)Forest TownshipTownship 11 R3 NVanceboroKossuth TownshipTopsfieldCodyville PlantationLambert Lake TownshipDyer TownshipWaiteTalmadgeTownship 6 R1 NFowler Township (T1 R1 TS)Passamaquoddy Indian Township ReservationGrand Lake Stream (Plantation)Township 6 NDSakom Township 5 NDTownship 42 MDTownship 43 MDGreenlaw Chopping TownshipBig Lake TownshipPrincetonBaileyvilleAlexanderCrawfordTownship 26 EDTownship 37 MDTownship 36 MDDevereaux TownshipTownship 30 MDDay Block Township  (Township 31 MD BPP)WesleyTownship 19 EDCooperMeddybempsBaring PlantationCalaisRobbinstonPerryPassamaquoddy Pleasant Point Indian ReservationCharlottePembrokeDennysvilleBeddingtonTownship 24 MDTownship 25 MDNorthfieldBerry Township (aka Number 18 Plantation)Cathance Township (aka Number 14 Plantation)DebloisTownship 18 MDTownship 19 MDCherryfieldColumbiaColumbia FallsCenterville TownshipWhitneyvilleMarshfieldEast MachiasMarion TownshipEdmunds TownshipSteubenMilbridgeHarringtonAddisonBealsJonesportJonesboroRoque BluffsMachiasMachiasportWhitingCutlerTrescott Township (aka Number 9 Plantation)LubecEastportBar HarborWinter HarborGouldsboroSorrentoSullivanTownship 7 SDTownship 10 SDTownship 9 SDFranklinEastbrookTownship 16 MDTownship 22 MDOsbornTownship 28 MDTownship 35 MDTownship 34 MDTownship 41 MDTownship 40 MDOqiton TownshipTownship 3 NDLakevilleWhitney Township (5 R1 N)Carroll PlantationSpringfieldWebster PlantationPrentiss Township (7 R3 N)Drew PlantationKingmanReed Plantation (aka Wytopitlock)Glenwood (Plantation)BancroftWestonGrand MananCampobelloWest Isles ParishSaint GeorgeSaint PatrickSaint AndrewsSaint CroixDufferinSaint StephenSaint DavidSaint JamesDumbartonNew MarylandManners SuttonPrince WilliamMcAdamCanterburyNorth Lake
Modern town borders in Washington County, Maine. Towns with records are named in black. Unincorporated green places usually lack records.

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this census area:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Native American communities
Census-designated places
Unorganized territories

Within each group townships are listed from southeast to northwest. For further details see Maine Townships.

  • North Washington (continued...)
    • Township 36 Middle Division
    • Township 37 Middle Division
    • Township 26 East Division
    • Township 42 Middle Division
    • Township 43 Middle Division
    • Greenlaw Chopping Township (Township 27 East Division)
    • Big Lake Township (Number 21 Township aka Plantation 21)
    • Sakom Township (Township 5 Norh Division)
    • Township 6 North Division
    • Fowler Township (Township 1 R1 Titcomb Survey)
    • Dyer Township (Township 1 R2 Titcomb Survey)
    • Lambert Lake Township (Township 1 R3 Titcomb Survey)
    • Township 6 R1 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase
  • North Washington (continued...)
    • Kossuth Twp (Township 7 R2 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase)
    • Township 8 R3 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase
    • Brookton (formerly Jackson Brook Plantation)
    • Forest Township (Twp 10 R3 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase)
    • Township 11 R3 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase (Hillgove Twp)
    • Township 8 R4 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase
    • Township 9 R4 North of Bingham's Penobscot Purchase (Forest City Twp)

Plantations For further details see Maine plantations.

Extinct towns and plantations [6] [7]

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]


Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Washington County, Maine online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Maine Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 2,760
1800 4,461 61.6%
1810 7,870 76.4%
1820 12,744 61.9%
1830 21,294 67.1%
1840 28,327 33.0%
1850 38,811 37.0%
1860 42,534 9.6%
1870 43,343 1.9%
1880 44,484 2.6%
1890 44,482 −0.0%
1900 45,232 1.7%
1910 42,905 −5.1%
1920 41,709 −2.8%
1930 37,826 −9.3%
1940 37,767 −0.2%
1950 35,187 −6.8%
1960 32,908 −6.5%
1970 29,859 −9.3%
1980 34,963 17.1%
1990 35,308 1.0%
2000 33,941 −3.9%
2010 32,856 −3.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Maine denominations, view the Maine Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Online Court Indexes and Records

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Maine Land and Property for databases, early land grants to individuals, and more information.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Washington County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information, see Maine Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Washington CountyAroostook CountyNew Brunswick, CanadaHancock CountyPenobscot CountyME Washington.jpg
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Maine tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. For databases and more information, see Maine Taxation

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

In Maine, vital records are kept by town clerks or selectmen. Although some towns have existed since the 1650s, most vital records date from about 1700. The vital statistics are often arranged by family. For more information, see the Wiki page for the town and the Wiki page, Maine Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Washington County Historical Society

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County, Maine" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Maine."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Maine page 305, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Maine. Page 304-305 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 275.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Massachusetts.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County, Maine," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Maine, accessed 16 March 2020.
  6. Before an extinct town was discontinued, it created official town records of interest to genealogists. For preservation these records were usually turned over to a nearby functioning town in the same county.
  7. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 117. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.