United States Migration Internal

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
United States Wiki Topics
How do I research United States Migration Internal?
Beginning Research
Record Types
United States Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources
U.S. Migration Routes
Substitute Records 

Other records that show where people originated or settled are:

Wagon Train
Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Key U.S. Migration Internet Links

Value of Migration Research[edit | edit source]

Mountains, forests, waterways, and the gaps between them channeled migration into predictable settlement patterns. Events like gold or land rushes, and Indian treaties also affected settlement.

Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals,waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.

Migration research may help you discover:

  • a place of origin, previous hometown, or place where an ancestor settled
  • biographical details such as what they experienced, or with whom they traveled on their journey
  • clues for finding other records

Types of U.S. Migration Records[edit | edit source]

Actual lists of travelers are unusual. A few passenger lists are available at the New York State Archives for the Erie Canal from 1827-1829. But lists of pioneers who settled an area are sometimes available on the Internet, or in the form of county or local histories. The diaries and journals of people on the move may help you learn who they had as companions on the journey, and what their trip was like.

Censuses, directories, land and property records, plat maps, tax records, and voting registers can sometimes be used to learn where new arrivals settled. Starting in 1850 federal censuses show where a person was born, and starting in 1880 where the parents were born.

Church records of some denominations may indicate a former residence of a family or a place to which they were moving. The minutes of the Society of Friends (Quakers) are especially helpful, since the Monthly Meeting from which the family was moving issued a certificate of recommendation to the Monthly Meeting to which they were going. And the receiving Monthly Meeting recorded in their minutes, the location of the Monthly Meeting from which the family had come. Not all denominations were as diligent in recording this type of information, but some others had somewhat similar records.

Maritime museums often hold records of ships, ports, maps, photographs, personal and business records, and manuscripts. Collections vary by facility.

Photogrammar is a web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI). It chronicles the migrations and living conditions during the Great Depression and WWII.

Western Trails Resources[edit | edit source]


Ash Hollow

Fort Kearny

Courthouse Rock

Chimney Rock

Scott's Bluff

Fort Laramie

Independence Rock

Soda Springs

Western Trails Interpretive Centers[edit | edit source]

Oregon California Trails Association[edit | edit source]

Pre-1850 Migrations[edit | edit source]

Using the list below, go to the state where the family settled, then revert to the first place in column three, then second place, etc to the end. That is the probable route to the state you have chosen. Semicolons indicated a different route for a different population. [1]

To: From:



CT Connecticut MA,RI

DE Delaware NY-Dutch,NJ; PA-English,NY,NJ,VA,MD; PA-German

FL Florida West-TN,VA; Mid-VA,NC,SC; East-GA, AL,NC,SC

GA Georgia TN,NC,VA,SC; 1752-MA; Moravian's-NC

IL Illinois South-NC,VA,KY,MD,PA; North-New England

IN Indiana VA,KY,SC,NC; North-New England; TN-Quakers,NC,SC


KS Kansas MO,IA,IL,IN,OH,KY; state census asks previous place of Residence

Ky Kentucky VA,NC,MD,PA,TN

LA Louisiana TN,KY, AL,MS,GA,SC,NC; French-Canada or direct

MD Maryland DE,PA,VA; DE-Dutch,NY,French-Nova Scotia;PA-German; PA-Scotch Irish,VA

MI Michigan New England,NY

MN Minnesota ME,then rest of New England

MS Mississippi AL,TN,GA,NC,SC,VA,KY,MD


NE Nebraska KS,MO,IA

NH New Hampshire MA,ME,VT,CT,NY

NJ New Jersey English-CT,NY (particularly Long Island),Dutch-NY; Quakers-DE,PA

NY New York MA,CT,NJ,RI,VT; French-Canada,West Indies

NC North Carolina VA,SC,MD,PA-Shenandoah Valley;VA-Quakers,PA,MA (later many moved to OH,IN)

OH Ohio MA-SE corner,CT ,VA,KY,TN,NJ; PA-Quakers,NC; PA-German; Franklin County, OH,Perry County, OH,Licking County, OH; Canada

OK Oklahoma IL-North,IA,KS; South-AR,MO,TX,TN

PA Pennsylvania CT,NY,NJ

RI Rhode Island MA,CT,

SC South Carolina West Indies (Charleston); Dutch-NY

TN Tennessee NC,VA,SC


VT Vermont MA,CT,ME,Canada

VA Virginia NC,DE,MD,PA;Quakers-PA,NJ

Migration Records for Selected States[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

Adams, James Truslow, editor-in-chief. Atlas of American History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1943.

Atwood, Wallace W. The Physiographic Provinces of North America, Boston: Ginn, 1940.

Billington, Ray Allen. The American Frontier Thesis: Attack and Defense. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966.

Billington, Ray Allen. Westward Expansion: a History of the American Frontier. 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. WorldCat 0023098600

Dollarhide William. Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735-1815. (Bountiful, UT: AGLL Genealogical Services, 1997) FHL book 973 E3d.

Flanders, Stephen A. Atlas of American Migration. New York, New York: Facts on File, c1998. WorldCat 0816031584

National Institute of Genealogy. United States Reconstructing Ancestral Migration Routes.

Putnam, Jackson K. "The Turner Thesis and the Westward Movement: a Reappraisal." Western Historical Quarterly 7 (October 1976).

Turner, Frederick Jackson. The Frontier in American History. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986. WorldCat 0816509468 

White, C. Langdon & Edwin J. Foscue. Regional Geography of North America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1943.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Overcoming Dead Ends. Migration Patterns, Nancy Ellen Carlberg.(Anaheim,CA:Carlsberg Press, 1991) pg 224-226. FHL book 929.1C191o