United States Census 1890

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The Eleventh Census of the United States (1890) was destroyed/damaged by fire, at the Commerce Dept. in 1921. Less than 1% survived, covering 6,160 individuals. The remaining population schedules "Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890" (M407) have been microfilmed.

1890 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1890, for two weeks to thirty days.

Content[edit | edit source]

The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  1. Name
  2. Age
  3. Sex
  4. Address
  5. Number of families in the house
  6. Number of persons in the house
  7. Number of persons in the family
  8. Relationship to head of family
  9. Race: white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian
  10. Marital status
  11. Whether married during the year
  12. Total children born to mother
  13. Number of children living
  14. Birthplace
  15. Birthplace of parents
  16. If foreign born, how many years in the United States
  17. Naturalized or in the process of naturalization
  18. Profession, trade, or occupation
  19. Months unemployed during census year
  20. Able to read and write
  21. Speak English; if not, language or dialect spoken
  22. Suffering from acute or chronic disease (if so, name of disease and length of time afflicted)
  23. Defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech
  24. Crippled, maimed, or deformed (with name of defect)
  25. Prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper
  26. Home is rented or owned by the head or a member of the family
  27. (if so, whether mortgaged)
  28. Head of family a farmer, if he or a family member rented or owned the farm
  29. If mortgaged, the post office address of the owner

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value[edit | edit source]

The 1890 census can be used to determine how many children total in a family and determine immigration details

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems[edit | edit source]

1. Listed the address of the individual
2. Listed if a person was a soldier, sailor, or a marine during the Civil War
3. Listed whether they were Union or Confederate
4. Listed whether they were a widow of a veteran
5. Listed, if a mother, the number of children she had and how many were living
6. If foreign born, the individual was asked how many years they had been in the United States and if they were naturalized or in the process of being naturalized
7. Lists what language the individual speaks
8. Lists number of months employed
9. Asks if the home is rented or owned (and mortgaged)
10. Listed individuals in Army forts, US vessels, Navy Yards, & prisons.
11. Most schedules destroyed by fire in 1921
12. Special 1890 schedules enumerating Union veterans & their widows from the Civil War are sometimes used as census substitute.

Missing Records[edit | edit source]

Population schedules for all states and territories were destroyed except for those listed below. Some 1890 Census Veterans Schedules also survived.

1890 Surviving Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

The following population schedules have survived for the 1890 federal census[1][2]:

Perryville Beat No.11 (Perry County) and Severe Beat No.8 (Perry County)
District of Columbia
Q Street, 13th St., 14th St., R Street, Q Street, Corcoran St., 15th St., S Street, R Street, and Riggs Street, Johnson Avenue, and S Street
Columbus (Muscogee County)
Mound Township (McDonough County)
Rockford (Wright County)
New Jersey
Jersey City (Hudson County)
New York
Brookhaven Township (Suffolk County) and Eastchester (Westchester County)
North Carolina
South Point and River Bend Townships (Gaston County), Township No. 2 (Cleveland County)
Cincinnati (Hamilton County) and Wayne Township (Clinton County)
South Dakota
Jefferson Township (Union County)
J.P. No. 6, Mountain Peak, Ovilla Precinct (Ellis County)
Precinct No. 5 (Hood County)
No. 6 and J.P. No. 7 (Rusk County)
Trinity Town and Precinct No. 2 (Trinity County)
Kaufman (Kaufman County)

Related Content

To see a map showing the location of the surviving schedules click here.

Where to Find the Records[edit | edit source]

The remainder of the 1890 Federal Census covering 6160 individuals is available online.


A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

United States Census Population Schedules, 1890 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

See Also[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

  1. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Pamphlet Describing M407: Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890. Washington, D.C., National Archives And Record Service, Pub. date unknown.
  2. The Family History Library Compiled by Ken Nelson. FamilySearch Digital Library Salt Lake City, Utah, The Family History Library, 1991.