Union County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Union County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Monroe
Organized: 1842
Parent County(s): Anson and Mecklenburg[1]
Neighboring Counties
Anson  • Cabarrus  • Chesterfield (SC)  • Lancaster (SC)  • Mecklenburg  • Stanly
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Union County is geographically located in the southwestern-Piedmont region of North Carolina (NC). Union County, N.C., borders both Lancaster and Chesterfield counties of South Carolina, United States Genealogy. During the founding of Union County, there was a debate between the Democratic Party and the Whig Party, concerning the County's designated name; the Democrats were in favor of honoring one of their leaders, former President Andrew Jackson, while the Whigs preferred to honor one of their leaders, Henry Clay. The name of "Union", was chosen as a compromise between the two parties.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Union County Courthouse
400 North Main Street
Monroe, NC 28112
Phone: 704-296-4600
Union County Website

Register of Deeds has land and marriage records starting from 1842, birth and death records from 1913, and burial records.
Clerk Superior Court has probate records from 1837, court records from 1843, divorce, military, naturalization and land records; some records may have been transferred to the NC State Archives.[3]

Union County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1842 1913 1843 1842 1837 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Some of the early records are missing.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Buford
  • Goose Creek
  • Jackson
  • Lanes Creek
  • Marshville
  • Monroe
  • New Salem
  • Sandy Ridge
  • Vance
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Union County was established in 1842 from parts of Mecklenburg and Anson counties, and named "Union" as a compromise to settle a dispute between local Whigs and Democrats over whether the new county should be named "Clay" or "Jackson." Both of those names were subsequently used for new counties in the extreme southwestern part of the state.

Mecklenburg County and the large city of Charlotte are to the northwest. Charlotte's suburban areas include areas of Union County.

Anson County was one of the largest counties in NC at one time, and its territory covered the southwest quadrant of the state.

Monroe is the county seat for Union County. Other cities and towns are: Fairview, Hemby Bridge, Indian Trail, Lake Park, Marshville, Marvin, Mineral Springs, Stallings, Unionville, Waxhaw, Weddington, Wesley Chapel, and Wingate .

Townships are Goose Creek, Jackson, Marshville, Monroe, New Salem, Vance, Buford, Lanes Creek, Sandy Ridge.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

  • Bibles at Union County, NC USGenWeb Archives
  • Bible Records at North Carolina Digital Archives - index and image

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Union County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 10,051
1860 11,202 11.5%
1870 12,217 9.1%
1880 18,056 47.8%
1890 21,259 17.7%
1900 27,156 27.7%
1910 33,277 22.5%
1920 36,029 8.3%
1930 40,979 13.7%
1940 39,097 −4.6%
1950 42,034 7.5%
1960 44,670 6.3%
1970 54,714 22.5%
1980 70,380 28.6%
1990 84,211 19.7%
2000 123,677 46.9%
2010 201,292 62.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Mecklenburg CountyCabarrus CountyStanly CountyAnson CountyChesterfield CountyLancaster CountyNC UNION.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Union County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Union County:

- 12th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company L
- 15th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 5th Volunteers, Company B
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Detailed Men, Company G
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company F
- 4th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company I
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company E

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Union County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

The Carolinas Genealogical Society at the Heritage Room research room, located at the Old Historic Courthouse in downtown Monroe, N.C., is an affiliate library of FamilySearch. Call 704-289-6737 for hours of operation.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Union County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

  • Union County Public Library
    Has a number of online genealogy databases.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Union County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. https://www.ncpedia.org/geography/Union
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Union County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_County%2C_North_Carolina#Communities, accessed 29 February 2020.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/f/f5/Iginorthcarolinap.pdf.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/f/f5/Iginorthcarolinap.pdf.