Union County, New Mexico Genealogy

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Guide to Union County, New Mexico ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Clayton
Organized: February 23, 1893
Parent County(s): Colfax, Mora, San Miguel[1]
Neighboring Counties
Baca (CO)  • Cimarron (OK)  • Colfax  • Dallam (TX)  • Harding  • Hartley (TX)  • Las Animas (CO)  • Quay
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Union County was was named “Union” because the citizens were united in their desire for the creation of a new county.[2] The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Union County Courthouse
200 Court Street
P.O. Box 430
Clayton, NM 88415
Phone: 505.374.9491
Union County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1894, probate, court and land records
District Court Clerk has divorce records.[1]

Union County, New Mexico Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1907 1894 1907 #8 1894 1911 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1907. General compliance by 1930.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Seneca
  • Census-designated places
    Ghost towns
    • Airolo
    • Alps
    • Amboy
    • Apache
    • Atencio
    • Barney
    • Beenham
    • Centerville
    • Codorniz
    • Corrumpa
    • Cuates
    • Dead Man
    • Devoy
    • Dolores
    • Emberson
    • Emery Gap
    • Exter
    • Frampton
    • Garcia
    • Gem
    • Grande
    • Grandview
    • Gregory
    • Guy
    • Harrington
    • Hayden
    • Holland
    • Hope
    • Ione
    • Johnson
    • Kephart
    • Kimball
    • Leighton
    • Louis
    • Madison
    • Malpaiz
    • Mansker
    • Moses
    • North Desmoines
    • Otto
    • Patterson
    • Pennington
    • Penrith
    • Pleasant
    • Sampson
    • Santander
    • Sierra Grande
    • Smith
    • Spring Hill
    • Staunton
    • Stonehaven
    • Tate
    • Telesfora
    • Thomas
    • Towanda
    • Tramperas
    • Travesilla
    • Valley
    • Vance
    • Vargas
    • Veda
    • Wanette
    • Willow
    • Willow Springs

    List of Historic Post Offices and Place Names in Union County

    History Timeline[edit | edit source]

    Resources[edit | edit source]

    Bible Records[edit | edit source]

    Biographies[edit | edit source]

    Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

    Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

    Cemeteries of Union County, New Mexico online and in print
    Tombstone Transcriptions Online
    Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
    List of Cemeteries in the County
    See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information

    Census Records[edit | edit source]

    Historical populations
    Census Pop.
    1910 11,404
    1920 16,680 46.3%
    1930 11,036 −33.8%
    1940 9,095 −17.6%
    1950 7,372 −18.9%
    1960 6,068 −17.7%
    1970 4,925 −18.8%
    1980 4,725 −4.1%
    1990 4,124 −12.7%
    2000 4,174 1.2%
    2010 4,549 9.0%
    Source: "Wikipedia.org".

    Federal Census Records
    Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

    State Census Records

    Church Records[edit | edit source]

    Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.
    List of Churches and Church Parishes

    Court Records[edit | edit source]

    Directories[edit | edit source]

    Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

    Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

    Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

    Genealogies[edit | edit source]

    Guardianship[edit | edit source]

    Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

    Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

    See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

    Online Land Records

    Local Histories[edit | edit source]

    Local histories are available for Union County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

    Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

    Union CountySan Miguel CountyColfax CountyHarding CountyQuay CountyLas Animas County, ColoradoBaca County, ColoradoCimarron County, OklahomaDallam County, TexasHartley County, TexasNM UNION.jpg
    Click a neighboring county
    for more resources

    Migration[edit | edit source]

    Military Records[edit | edit source]

    Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

    Civil War[edit | edit source]

    World War I[edit | edit source]

    World War II[edit | edit source]

    Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

    Newspapers[edit | edit source]

    Online Newspapers

    Obituaries[edit | edit source]

    Other Records[edit | edit source]

    Periodicals[edit | edit source]

    Probate Records[edit | edit source]

    Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

    See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

    The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

    Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

    Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

    Online Probate Indexes and Records

    School Records[edit | edit source]

    Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

    Tax Records[edit | edit source]

    New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

    Vital Records[edit | edit source]

    Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.

    Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office

    Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court

    Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.

    See also How to order New Mexico Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for New Mexico Birth Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

    Birth[edit | edit source]

    Marriage[edit | edit source]

    Death[edit | edit source]

    Divorce[edit | edit source]

    Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

    Archives[edit | edit source]

    Listed below are archives in Union County. For state-wide archival repositories, see New Mexico Archives and Libraries.

    Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

    Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

    • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
    • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

    Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

    Libraries[edit | edit source]

    Listed below are libraries in Union County. For state-wide library facilities, see New Mexico Archives and Libraries.

    Museums[edit | edit source]

    Herzstein Memorial Museum
    22 South Second St.
    PO Box 75
    Clayton, NM 88415-0075
    Telephone 505-375-2977
    Email herzsteinmuseum@gmail.com

    Societies[edit | edit source]

    Listed below are societies in Union County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see New Mexico Societies.

    Folsom Historical Society
    Main Street
    PO Box 454
    Folsom, NM 88419
    Telephone 575-278-2122
    Email museum@folsomvillage.com

    Websites[edit | edit source]

    Research Guides[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Mexico.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
    2. http://genealogytrails.com/newmex/union/ accessed 09/29/2016
    3. Wikipedia contributors, "Union, New Mexico," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_County,_New_Mexico. accessed 8/30/2018
    4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, New Mexico. Page 475 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 471.
    5. Wikipedia contributors,"Union County, New Mexico," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_County,_New_Mexico, accessed 13 February 2019.