Umatilla County, Oregon Genealogy

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Guide to Umatilla County, Oregon ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Umatilla County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Umatilla County
Location in the state of Oregon, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Location of Oregon in the U.S.
Founded September 27, 1862
County Seat Pendleton
Address Umatilla County Courthouse
216 SE 4th Street
Pendleton, Or 97801-2590
Phone: 541-276-7111
Umatilla County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Umatilla River. The County is located in the northeast area of the state. [1]

Umatilla County, Oregon Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1890 1862 1892 1862 1862 1862 1845
*Statewide registration for births and deaths in 1903. General compliance year unknown.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1862. [3]

Umatilla County Government

County Records Inventory listing the records held at the Umatilla County Court House as of August 2010.

Umatilla County Court is structured differently. Check the County Records Inventory link for addresses for location of records (left column).

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

27 September 1862: Umatilla county was created from Wasco County. [4]

Named after the Umatilla River. The name Umatilla is derived from the Native American name for the river, which was first recorded as Youmalolam in the journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

14 October 1864: Grant

16 February 1885: Morrow County set off.

For animated maps illustrating Oregon County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Oregon County Boundary Maps" (1843-1975) may be viewed for free at the website.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator.

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Native American communities
Census-designated places
Historic communities
Ghost towns

Defunct Post Offices[edit | edit source]

  • Adams: The town is about 13 miles northeast of Pendleton on Wildhorse Creek. Named for John F. Adams, part of whose homestead is now included in the town. Post Office established 9 July 1883 with William H. McCoy, postmaster. FamilySearch Catalog
  • Albee: A post office with the name Snipe was established at this locality on June 17, 1881, undoubtedly taking its name from nearby Snipe Creek. John H. Clifford was postmaster. On Apr. 17, 1882, the name was changed to Alba and in 1887 a plat for the community was filed using the same form. Alba is the Latin word for white. Sometime near the turn of the century the place became known as Albee for the Albee brothers, well-known locak stockmen, and on July 30, 1907 the name of the post office was changed to conform. Like many other small communities in eastern Oregon, has suffered the ravages of time begining with the depression of the 1930s and accelerating during World War II. The post office was closed on Oct. 31, 1943. All that remains are a few weatherbeaten buildings on private property. FamilySearch Catalog
Indian Reservation[edit | edit source]

Umatilla (Confederated Tribes of Umatilla - specifically Sahaptin-speaking Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla tribes)

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Grant | Morrow | Union | Wallowa | Washington counties: Benton | Columbia | Walla Walla

Trivia Tidbits[edit | edit source]

Information about localities, too small or too brief to describe in separate pages. Exception to this are Post Offices. Trivia Tidbits

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Trivia Tidbits: Little biographic bits associated with the names of non-population localities.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
ORGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
ORGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Oregon Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 2,916
1880 9,607 229.5%
1890 13,381 39.3%
1900 18,049 34.9%
1910 20,309 12.5%
1920 25,946 27.8%
1930 24,399 −6.0%
1940 26,030 6.7%
1950 41,703 60.2%
1960 44,352 6.4%
1970 44,923 1.3%
1980 58,861 31.0%
1990 59,249 0.7%
2000 70,548 19.1%
2010 75,889 7.6%
Source: "".

Church History and Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Wallowa CountyUnion CountyMorrow CountyGrant CountyBenton CountyWalla Walla CountyColumbia CountyOR UMATILLA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Umatilla County, Oregon Genealogy for European and African American settlers included:

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Oregon Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Rivers and Waterways[edit | edit source]

Details about the rivers and waterways where farms and settlements are often found along them. Rivers and Waterways

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

The Family History Library has copies of some records such as:

Umatilla County record of deaths 1907-1929, certificates of death 1913-1944

See also How to order Oregon Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Oregon Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]

Delayed Birth Certificates

Birth Registers

Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Death Records[edit | edit source]

Societies, Libraries and Museums[edit | edit source]

Umatilla County Historical Society
108 S W Frazer
PO Box 253
Pendleton 97801
Facebook Page

Umatilla County Library District
425 S Main St
Pendleton OR 97801

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

Umatilla County Oregon Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Umatilla, Oregon" in,_Oregon accessed 29 Nov 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Umatilla County, Oregon . Page 572-574 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 563-564.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Umatilla County, Oregon page 574, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. WorldCat 50140092; FHL Collection Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Umatilla County, Oregon" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Oregon, accessed 2 January 2019.
  6. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map VI" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at OTMap6.jpg (accessed 18 July 2011).