US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings

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United States - Mexico Border Stations.png

Mexican Border Crossings[edit | edit source]

  • Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century.


  • Crossing the Frontera is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.

Online Records (Indexes)[edit | edit source]

Many additional records for specific ports can be found online. Links are found in the following chart.

Links to Microfilms[edit | edit source]

The following chart lists links to the two types of microfilms available.

  • The FamilySearch Collection has digitized, online copies of the microfilms made of the records by the National Archives.
  • The National Archives has microfilms of the original records held in their main archives and in some regional archives. It also has some digitized, online copies.
Film numbers in the second column, not labeled as online, lead to .pdf documents describing the contents.
NARA film numbers will also be used to locate non-digitized microfilms available in archives. See Finding the Records.

Arizona[edit | edit source]

Arizona
FamilySearch Digitized Film
Ancestry Collection
NARA Film Number
Some Online
Title
2342416
Ancestry
A3365
Online
Lists of Aliens Arriving at Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City and Roma, Texas, May 1903 - June 1909, and at Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, July 1906 - December 1910
1343190
Ancestry
A3372
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Naco, Arizona, May 24, 1908 - ca. December 1952
103246014
Ancestry
A3377
Online
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Ajo, Lukeville, and Sonoyta (Sonoita), Arizona, January 1919 - December 1952, and at Los Ebanos, Texas, December 1950 - May 1955, NARA microfilm publication
1343023
Ancestry
M1504
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at San Luis, Arizona, July 24, 1929 - December 1952
2241245
Ancestry
M1759
Nonstatistical Manifests and Statistical Index Cards of Aliens Arriving at Douglas, Arizona, July 1908 - December 1952
2241352
Ancestry
M1760
Manifests of Permanent and Temporary Alien Arrivals at Douglas, Arizona, September 10, 1906 - October 10, 1955
1343023
Ancestry
M1769
Index and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Nogales, Arizona, July 5, 1905 - 1952
2241236
Ancestry
M1850
Index and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Sasabe/San Fernando, Arizona, 1919 - 1952



California[edit | edit source]

California
FamilySearch Digitized Film
Ancestry Collection
NARA Film Number
Some Online
Title
101012696
Ancestry
A3467
Online
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Calexico, California, March 1907-December 1952
2242997
Ancestry
M1767
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at San Ysidro (Tia Juana), California, April 21, 1908 - December 1952,
2138429
Ancestry
M2030
Statistical and Nonstatistical Manifests and Related Indexes of Aliens Arriving at Andrade and Campo (Tecate), California, 1910 - 1952



New Mexico[edit | edit source]

New Mexico
FamilySearch Digitized Film
Ancestry Collection
NARA Film Number
Title
1343185
Ancestry
A3370
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Columbus, New Mexico, 1917 - 1954



Texas[edit | edit source]

Texas
FamilySearch Digitized Film
Ancestry Collection
NARA Film Number
Some Online
Title
1343023
Ancestry
A3365
Online
Lists of Aliens Arriving at Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City and Roma, Texas, May 1903 - June 1909, and at Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, July 1906 - December 1910
1343208
Ancestry
A3379
Nonstatistical Manifests and Statistical Index Cards of Aliens Arriving at Laredo, Texas, May 1903 - November 1929
Online Index
Ancestry
A3393
Online
Index to Manifests of Permanent and Statistical Alien Arrivals at Laredo, Texas, December 1929 - April 1955
Online Index
Ancestry
A3395
Online
Indexes and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Del Rio, Texas, June 1906-July 1953
2241245
Ancestry
A3396
Index to Manifests of Permanent and Statistical Alien Arrivals at El Paso, Texas, July 1924 - July 1952,
Online Index
Ancestry
A3406
Online
Nonstatistical Manifests and Statistical Index Cards of Aliens Arriving at El Paso, Texas, 1905 - 1927
7619418
Ancestry
A3412
Manifests of Statistical Alien Arrivals at El Paso, Texas, May 1909 - October 1924
104967871
Ancestry
A3431
Online
Nonstatistical Manifests of Temporary Alien Arrivals at Laredo, Texas, July 1908 - February 1912
103115266
Ancestry
A3437
Manifests of Statistical and Some Nonstatistical Alien Arrivals at Laredo, Texas, May 1903 - April 1955
Online Index
Ancestry
A3455
Online
Permanent and Statistical Manifests of Alien Arrivals at El Paso, Texas, April 1924-September 1954
104822451
Ancestry
A3466A
A3466B
Online
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Presidio, Texas, 1895 - 1955
1283921
Ancestry
M1502
Statistical and Nonstatistical Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Brownsville, Texas, and Related Indexes, February 1905 - June 1953
1283858
Ancestry
M1503
Indexes and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Roma, Texas, March 1928 - May 30, 1955
1283865
Ancestry
M1754
Online
Nonstatistical Manifests and Statistical Index Cards of Aliens Arriving at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905 - November 1929
2138434
Ancestry
M1755
Permanent and Statistical Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905 - June 1953
1343099
Ancestry
M1756
Applications for Nonresident Alien's Border Crossing Identification Cards Made at El Paso, Texas, ca. July 1945 - December 1952
1283895
Ancestry
M1757
Manifests of Aliens Granted Temporary Admission at El Paso, Texas, July 1924 - 1954
2241229
Ancestry
M1766
Alphabetical Card Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Fort Hancock, Texas, 1924 - 1954
2241222
Ancestry
M1768
Alphabetical Card Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Fabans, Texas, 1924 - 1954
7718358
Ancestry
M1770
Indexes and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Rio Grande City, Texas, November 16, 1908 - May 30, 1955
7718350
Ancestry
M1771
Alphabetical Manifests of Non-Mexican Aliens Granted Temporary Admission at Laredo, Texas, December 1, 1929 - April 8, 1955
2241365
Ancestry
M1772
Manifests of Aliens Granted Temporary Admission at Laredo, Texas, December 1, 1929 - April 8, 1955
7512273
Ancestry
M1774
Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels (March 1931 - March 1957) and Airplanes (December 1954 - March 1957) Arriving at Brownsville, Texas
2138421
Ancestry
M1849
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Yseleta, Texas, July 1924 - 1954
1343180
Ancestry
M1851
Index and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Progreso/Thayer, Texas, October 6, 1928 - May 27, 1955
Online Index
Ancestry
M1973
Online
Statistical Manifests of Alien Arrivals By Airplane at San Antonio, Texas, May 17, 1944 - March 1952
2394635
Ancestry
M2008
Lists of Aliens Arriving at Laredo, Texas, from July 1903 to June 1907, via the Mexican National Railroad or the Laredo Foot Bridge
2138450
Ancestry
M2024
Indexes and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Zapata, Texas, August 18, 1923 - September 15, 1953
2138434
Not included
M2040
Index to Manifests of Permanent and Statistical Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, December 1, 1929-June 1953
2138436
Ancestry
M2041
Temporary and Nonstatistical Manifests of Aliens Arriving at Eagle Pass, Texas, July 1928 - June 1953

National Archives (NARA) Microfilms[edit | edit source]

Mexican border crossing records were filmed by the National Archives in 1957. All original records were destroyed when the filming was finished. A detailed description of the films is found on the NARA site. All images are available in the FamilySearch Collection. Some images are online through the National Archives.


Finding the Records[edit | edit source]

  • You can access all the Mexican Border Crossings by viewing the online, digitized microfilms of the FamilySearch Collection. Links to specific films are in the first column of the chart above.

OR

  • You can directly access films through the National Archives. Some of the films are online through the National Archives. Links to these are labeled "Online" in the NARA Film Number column in the above chart (second column).

OR

  • Other films are available to read at an archive near you. To locate these films follow these steps.
Select "Microfilm".
Enter the microfilm number.
Click on the blue link.
Locate the facilities list
found on the right side of
the catalog listing.

Manifest Card Contents[edit | edit source]

Example of One Type
of Manifest Card
  • Keeping statistics on alien arrivals at U.S. land borders was not required by early immigration acts. Thus, statistical treatment of Canadian and Mexican border immigrants at times has differed from that of other immigrants.
  • When records of arrivals began to be kept at the Canadian border in 1895 and at the Mexican border, ca. 1906, the immigration authorities found it impractical to collect arrival information on lists as they did for ship passengers. Therefore, separate cards or "card manifests" for each person were used instead.
  • When viewing these cards it is important to check the reverse side of the card. The "back side" of the card many include instructions about the card, lists of multiple entries into the U.S. for the individual, or an attached photograph.







Cards will include many of the following items of information. There are different styles of cards, each with different content.

  • Immigrant's name, age, sex
  • Marital Status
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Height
  • Physical marks
  • Occupation
  • Nationality
  • Race
  • Ability read or write, and in what language
  • Last permanent residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Destination
  • Purpose for entering the U.S.
  • Intent to become a U.S. citizen
  • Head tax status
  • Previous citizenships
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant
  • Employer's name
  • Port and date of admission
  • Means of arrival in the U.S. (such as ship or railway)
  • Previous country of residence before coming to the U.S.
  • Town and state of last residence in the U.S.
  • Date and port of departure
  • If native-born U.S. citizen, U.S. birthplace'
  • If naturalized U.S. citizen, date and place of naturalization
  • Whether this if the alien's first entrance into the U.S.
  • Photograph
  • Date of approval of registry
  • Certificate of registry
  • District file number
  • Bureau file number