Tolland County, Connecticut Genealogy

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Guide to Tolland County, Connecticut ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Rockville
Organized: October 13, 1786
Parent County(s): Hartford and Windham
Neighboring Counties
Hartford  • New London  • Windham  • Hampden (MA)  • Worcester (MA)
See County Maps
Connecticut, Tolland County Courthouse.png
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

This county was named for the hamlet of Tolland, Somerset, England. The County is located in the north central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Tolland County Courthouse
69 Brooklyn Street
Rockville CT 06066
Phone: 860-896-4920
Tolland County Website

There is no county government and no county seat today. The government is at the town level.
Town clerks have birth, marriage, death and land records.
Probate Judge has probate records.
Clerk of the Superior Court has court records.[2]

Tolland County, Connecticut Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
at town creation at town creation at town creation late 1600s Unknown Unknown 1670
*Statewide registration of births and deaths started in 1897. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Central Somers
Census-designated places
Ghost towns
  • Rockville

Towns Organized before 1800:

  • Bolton 1730
  • Coventry 1712
  • Ellington 1786
  • Hevron 1708
  • Mansfield 1702
  • Somers 1734
  • Stafford 1719
  • Tolland 1715
  • Union 1734
  • Vernon 1716
  • Willington 1727

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Commemorative biographical record of Tolland and Windham counties, Connecticut containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families, (Chicago, Illinois J.H. Beers, 1903).Includes fullname index (in part 1 for pts. 1 and 2).Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Book 974.64 D3c pt. 1 and 2, or FHL US/CAN Film 982349.
  • J.R. Cole, History of Tolland County, Connecticut including its early settlement and progress to the present time; a description of its historic and interesting localities; sketches of its towns and villages: portraits of some of its prominent men, and biographies of many of its representative citizens, (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983).Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1035602 Item 3.
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Society. Volunteer Aids, Index to Commemorative biographical record of Tolland and Windham counties, Connecticut, part 1, Manuscript.Includes fullname index to part 1 but only through pt. 1's page 602.Available online at$).Available in the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Book 974.64 D3c pt. 1 index.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Tolland, Connecticut online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Connecticut Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For online and statewide census resources and information, see: Connecticut Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 13,251
1800 14,319 8.1%
1810 13,779 −3.8%
1820 14,330 4.0%
1830 18,702 30.5%
1840 17,980 −3.9%
1850 20,091 11.7%
1860 20,709 3.1%
1870 22,000 6.2%
1880 24,112 9.6%
1890 25,081 4.0%
1900 24,523 −2.2%
1910 26,459 7.9%
1920 27,216 2.9%
1930 28,659 5.3%
1940 31,866 11.2%
1950 44,709 40.3%
1960 68,737 53.7%
1970 103,440 50.5%
1980 114,823 11.0%
1990 128,699 12.1%
2000 136,364 6.0%
2010 152,691 12.0%

Territory and State Census Records

Federal Census Records

Church Records[edit | edit source]

  • Connecticut Genealogy, Tolland County Church Records, Includes church and vital records.
  • Tolland County, Connecticut, church papers, 1760-1861 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1977).Contains lists of pastors in Tolland County churches, a copy of the Connecticut Courant, Nov. 21, 1815, a list of members of the Vernon Church and of the Vernon Ecclesiastical Society and other miscellaneous papers.Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1014187 Item 3.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Online Court Indexes and Records

  • Tolland County Connecticut Court Records Directory
  • Grace Louise Knox & Barbara B. Ferris, Connecticut divorces Superior Court records for the counties of New London, Tolland & Windham, 1719-1910 , (Bowie, Maryland Heritage Books, c1987).Includes index.Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Book 974.6 P2k.
  • Connecticut. Superior Court (Tolland County), Depositions, 1892-1893 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989).A record of depositions taken for a trial in the Superior Court, Tolland County, Connecticut. Depositions have to do with the suit of George W. Adams, of Tolland County, Connecticut, vs. Charles I. Rawson, of Oxford, Massachusetts.Available at the Family History Library,FHL US/CAN Film 1637443 Item 1.
  • Connecticut. Superior Court (Tolland County), Executions, A-Z, 1772-1891 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989) A record of executions of court judgements.Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1637443 Item 2.

Directories[edit | edit source]

  • Rockville (Connecticut) city directories, (Woodridge, Connecticut Research Publications, [1992?]). Available at the Family History Library, Vault US/CAN Film 2156522 Item 1. (3 Films covering a variety of years between 1883-1934.)

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

  • Tolland County Genealogy 679 Tolland county genealogy record sources.
  • Walter Everett Corbin, Lottie S. Corbin and Robert J. Dunkle, The Corbin Collection, (Boston, Massachusetts New England Historic Genealogical Society, c2003-c2005).3 CD's available on the desktop at the Family History Library, Computer US/CAN Desktop CD-ROM no. 2644 v. 1, and CD-ROM no. 2644 v.2 and CD-ROM no. 2644 v. 3.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Deeds, mortgages, releases, and other documents are at the town halls. Most are indexed by grantor and grantee, no statewide index. Microfilm copies (early to the mid or late 1800s, with some up to the 1900s) are available at the Connecticut State Library and also online at

Online Land Indexes and Records

  • Library of Congress. Geography and Map Division,Tolland County, Connecticut land ownership map, 1857 , (Washington, District of Columbia Library of Congress, 1983). Available online at flickr from yahoo, Also available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6079304.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Worcester CountyHampden CountyHartford CountyMiddlesex CountyNew London CountyWindham County,CT TOLLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Regiments. Service men from New Haven County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Most of the men from the following companies were from Windham County.

-14th Regiment, Connecticut Infantry - Company D
-25th Regiment, Connecticut Infantry - Company D

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

  • 1851-1992 Connecticut, District Court Naturalization Indexes, 1851-1992 at FamilySearch — How to Use this Collection - index/images
  • Connecticut. Superior Court and County Court (Tolland County), Declarations of intention, 1853-1914 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983).Indexes are found within each volume. Includes some records of the County Court, 1853-1856. Available at the Family History Library, 1853-1906 FHL US/CAN Film 1319927 Items 2-3, and 1906-1914 FHL US/CAN Film 1319930 Item 2.
  • Connecticut. City Court (Hartford), Naturalization record book, 1876-1876, (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1984).Contains petitions for naturalization for persons from the city of Hartford, or nearby towns of Hartford and Tolland counties. Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1398567 Item 5.
  • Connecticut. Superior Court and County Court (Tolland County), Naturalization records (Tolland County, Connecticut), 1853-1945; naturalization index, 1853-1955 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983-2008).Additional indexes are found within each volume.Includes some records of the County Court, 1853-1855. Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1319928. (11 Films)

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

The records are kept at district courts. The County government does not exist. Not every town has a court. Some are included in a district making up from 1 to 5 towns. The Districts are: Avon, Berlin, Bristol, Burlington, Canton, East Granby, East Hartford, East Windsor, Enfield, Farmington, Granby, Hartford, Hartland, Manchester, Marlborough, Plainville, Simsbury, Southington, Suffield, and Windsor.
See Connecticut Probate Records. See also Connecticut State Library, Research Guide to Connecticut Probate Records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

  • Connecticut. Superior Court (Tolland County), Divorce papers, 1787-1910 , (Salt Lake City, Utah Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989).Records are in approximate alphabetical order.Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Film 1637443 Item 3, first of 16 films.
  • Linkpendium, Vital Records - Tolland County.

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Tolland County. For state-wide facilities, see Connecticut Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Tolland County. For state-wide library facilities, see Connecticut Archives and Libraries.

Andover Public Library
355 Route 6
P.O. Box 117
Andover, CT 06232-0117
(860) 742-7428
Bentley Memorial Library
206 Bolton Center Road
Bolton, CT 06043
(860) 646-7349
Booth & Dimock Memorial Library
1134 Main Street
Coventry, CT 06238
Douglas Library of Hebron
22 Main Street
Hebron, CT 06248
Hall Memorial Library
93 Main Street
P.O. Box 280
Ellington, CT 06029
br> Mansfield Public Library
54 Warrenville Rd.
Mansfield Center, CT 06250
Saxton B. Little Free Library
319 Route 87
Columbia, CT 06237
(860) 228-0350
Tolland County Public Libraries This site lists the addresses
Website of the public libraries in Tolland county

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Tolland County. For state-wide genealogical and historical societies, see Connecticut Societies.

Andover Historical Society
Andover, Ct 06232.
Bolton Historical Society
Bolton, CT 06043.
Columbia Historical Society
P.O. BOX 551
Coventry Historical Society
3282 South St
P.O. Box 534
Coventry CT 06238
Ellington Historical Society
70 Main Street
PO Box 73
Ellington CT 06029
Hebron Historical Society
P. O. Box 43
Hebron, CT 06248-0043
Mansfield Historical Society
P.O. Box 145
954 Storrs Road
Storrs, CT 06268-0145
860 429-6575
Stafford Historical Society
5 Spring St.
Stafford Springs, CT 06076
Tolland Historical Society
P.O. Box 107
Tolland, CT 06084
860 870-9599
Union Historical Society
1099 Buckley Hwy
Union, CT 06076
(860) 684-7078
Vernon Historical Society P.O. Box 2055
734 Hartford Turnpike (Route 30)
Vernon, CT 06066
Willington Historical Society
P.O. Box 214
Willington, CT 06279

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Tolland County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Connecticut 04/27/2017.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 113. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tolland County, Connecticut . Page 113 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 104-110.
  4. Newberry
  5. Wikipedia contributors,"Tolland County, Connecticut, " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 12 October 2018.