St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Bureau of Indian Affairs Gotoarrow.png Superintendencies Gotoarrow.png St. Louis Superintendency

History[edit | edit source]

The St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in 1822. It had operated as the Missouri Superintendency since 1813. After the Superintendency was abolished in 1851, its duties were assumed by the Central Superintendency.

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

Tribes[edit | edit source]

Delaware, Shawnee, Kickapoo, Kansa (Kaw), Iowa, Potawatomi, Chippewa, Ottawa, Wea, Piankeshaw, Miami, Peoria, Kaskaskai, Oto, Missouri, Pawnee, Omaha, Ponca, Sac and Fox, Osage, Munsee, Stockbridge, Wyandot, Winnebago, Sioux, Mandan, Aridara, Crow, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, and Grosventre

Superintendents[edit | edit source]

William Clark 1822, Joshua Pilcher 1839, David D. Mitchell 1841, Thomas H. Harvey 1843, David D. Mitchell 1849[1]

Agencies[edit | edit source]

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by and maintained by the agencies.

Records[edit | edit source]

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the St. Louis Superintendency, 1824-1851, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661477 thru 1661486.

The records of this superintendency are included in the records of the Central Superintendency (see above). Copies are also available on microfilm at the University of Arizona.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC: