St. Clair County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to St. Clair County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Ashville
Organized: November 20, 1818
Parent County(s): Shelby[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bibb  • Chilton  • Coosa  • Jefferson  • St. Clair  • Talladega
See County Maps
St. Clair County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
St. Clair County Alabama.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named after General Arthur St. Clair, who came to America from Scotland as an officer in the British Army in the French and Indian War. He settled in America and served as a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He also was the only Governor of the Northwest Territory.[2]The County is located in the central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

St. Clair County Courthouse
Ashville Division
100 6th Ave #400
Ashville, AL 35953
Phone: 205-594-2184
Fax: 205-594-2196
Pell City Division
1815 Cogswell Ave, #217
Pell City, AL 35125
Phone: 205-338-2511
Fax: 205-884-4224
St.Claire County Website

Probate Judge has marriage probate and land records from 1800
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records [4]

St. Clair County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1893 1800 1908 1818 1800 1800 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1818--St. Clair County was created 20 November 1818 from ShelbyCounty.
  • County seat: Ashville[6]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in St. Clair County:

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in St. Clair County: [7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Caldwell
  • Chandler Mountain
  • Coal City
  • Dunlap
  • Easonville
  • Eden
  • Fairview
  • Ferguson
  • Friendship
  • Greensport
  • Kellys Creek
  • Seddon
  • Slate
  • Stewarts

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of St. Clair, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 4,166
1830 5,975 43.4%
1840 5,638 −5.6%
1850 6,829 21.1%
1860 11,013 61.3%
1870 9,360 −15.0%
1880 14,462 54.5%
1890 17,353 20.0%
1900 19,425 11.9%
1910 20,715 6.6%
1920 23,383 12.9%
1930 24,510 4.8%
1940 27,336 11.5%
1950 26,687 −2.4%
1960 25,388 −4.9%
1970 27,956 10.1%
1980 41,205 47.4%
1990 50,009 21.4%
2000 64,742 29.5%
2010 85,593 32.2%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

The Northern Judicial District county seat is Ashville.
The Southern Judicial District county seat is Pell City.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for St. Clair County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

BlountEtowahCalhounTalladegaShelbyJeffersonAL ST. CLAIR.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Regiments. Men in St. Clair County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in St. Clair County:

- 10th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A "Ashville Guards"
- 10th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F "Coosa Valley Guards"
- 25th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D and H
- 30th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H
- 51st Regiment, Alabama Partisan Rangers, Company E
- 58th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A, C, G and I

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. St. Clair County has one book.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). St. Clair County is in District 3.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in St. Clair County. For state-wide library facilities, see Alabama Archives and Libraries.

Trussville Public Library
201 Parkway Dr.
Trussville, Alabama 35173
Phone: 205-655-2022

Pell City Library
1000 Bruce Etheredge Pkwy, Suite 100
Pell City, AL 35128
Phone: 205-884-1015

Moody Alabama Library
300 Bookmark Circle
Moody, Alabama 35004
Phone: 205-640-2517

Springville City Library
6315 US Highway 11
Springville, Al 35146
Phone: 205-467-2339

Museums[edit | edit source]

Ashville Museum & Archives
St. Clair County Courthouse
P. O. Box 1570
Ashville, AL 35953
Phone: 205-594-2128

Societies[edit | edit source]

Northeast Alabama Genealogical Society
One Cabot Avenue
P. O. Box 8268
Gadsden, AL 35902
Publication: Northeast Alabama Settlers

St. Clair Historical Society
78 6th Avenue
P. O . Box 1570
Ashville, Alabama 35953
Phone: 205-594-2128
Publications: Cherish: The Quarterly Journal of the St. Clair County Historical Society

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "St. Clair County, Alabama Genealogy and History", 6/26/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "St. Clair, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 6/26/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), St. Clair County, Alabama. Page 37 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "St. Clair County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 26 October 2018.