Slovakia Genealogy

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Guide to Slovakia ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Slovakia Wiki Topics
Bratislava Danube.jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
Slovakia Background
Local Research Resources

Country Information[edit | edit source]

Slovakia is a sovereign state in Central Europe bordered by the Czech Republic, Austria, Poland, Ukraine, and Hungary. The area had been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of the First World War when, in October 1918, the Czech lands of Austria (Bohemia, Moravia, and Austrian Silesia) joined with the Slovak and Ruthenian (Ukrainian) counties of Hungary to create the sovereign Republic of Czechoslovakia. Slovakia became an independent state on January 1, 1993, when Czechoslovakia peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The official language is Slovak.[1]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Slovakia Research

Links to articles on getting started with Slovakia research.

Slovakia Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Slovakia research.

More Research Tools
Ask the

Finding Your Ancestors' Town in Slovakia[edit | edit source]

  • Genealogical records are organized by geographical locality. Civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (christenings/baptisms, marriages, and burials) were kept at the local level. To search these records, you must know the town where your ancestors lived.
  • If you do not know your ancestors' town, follow the advice in the Wiki article, Slovakia Finding Town of Origin to search a variety of records that might provide that information.

Slovakia Clickable Map[edit | edit source]

BratislavaTrnavaNitraTrenčínŽilinaBanská BystricaKošicePrešovSlovakia Map 2021.png

Jurisdictions[edit | edit source]

Regions[edit | edit source]

  • Since 2002, Slovakia is divided into 8 autonomous regions (region = kraj):
  • These links and the clickable map above lead to detailed instructions and links for genealogy research in each region:

Districts (Counties)[edit | edit source]

Several districts form a "Region" (Slovak "kraj"). One district (Slovak okres) consists of several "municipalities" (Slovak "obec"). Districts have been units of state administration in Slovakia since the time of the Habsburg monarchy, except for the period from 2004 to late 2013. Today, each district is administered by a "district office" (okresný úrad). In the FamilySearch Catalog, records are listed by district and then municipality, not by region.

Municipality Level Towns[edit | edit source]

  • To find the district for your town, click on Municipalities and Towns *(Click on "Show".)
  • Clicking on your town will take you to a Wikipedia article. It will give you the name of the district for that town.

Smaller Villages, Hungarian Names, Former Names[edit | edit source]

The place name you find in U.S. records might be too small to be found in the Wikipedia list. You will need to consult the Genealogy Slovakia Gazetteer to find the larger town that village belongs to. Also, you might have found the Hungarian version of the place name or a name no longer in use. This gazetteer will also help you find the current Slovakian name and county for those cases.
1920px-Okresy97 Slovakia.svg.png

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

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Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.

More Research Tools[edit | edit source]

Handwriting Lessons on FamilySearch Learning Center:

Helps for Latin Records[edit | edit source]

Helps for Reading Ruthene Dialect of Russian (Rusyn)[edit | edit source]

Rusyn, (also known in English as Ruthene, sometimes Ruthenian), is a Slavic language spoken by the Rusyns of Eastern Europe. It is estimated that about 34,000 Slovakians are native Ruthene speakers. Source: Wikipedia

The table below shows the alphabet of Slovakia (Prešov) Rusyn.

Helps for Reading Old Slavonic[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Slovakia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 23 March 2016.