Shenandoah County, Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Shenandoah County, Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Woodstock
Organized: 15 May 1772[1]
Parent County(s): Frederick
Neighboring Counties
Frederick  • Hardy (WV)  • Page  • Rockingham  • Warren
See County Maps
Location Map
Location of Shenandoah County, Virginia.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Shenandoah County is located in the northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and shares a border with West Virginia. Shenandoah County was initially named Dunmore County.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Shenandoah County Courthouse
215 Mill Road # 128
Woodstock, VA 22664-1409
Phone: 540-459-6130
Shenandoah County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1772[3]

Shenandoah County, Virginia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1772 1853 1772 1772 1772 1810
* Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Formerly Dunmore County, whose records it has. Name changed to Shanando [Shenandoah] 1 February 1778.[9]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For databases and indexes, see Virginia Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Woodstock silversmiths.]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Shenandoah County, Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For databases, indexes, and information online, see Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 10,510
1800 13,823 31.5%
1810 13,646 −1.3%
1820 18,926 38.7%
1830 19,750 4.4%
1840 11,618 −41.2%
1850 13,768 18.5%
1860 13,896 0.9%
1870 14,936 7.5%
1880 18,204 21.9%
1890 19,671 8.1%
1900 20,253 3.0%
1910 20,942 3.4%
1920 20,808 −0.6%
1930 20,655 −0.7%
1940 20,898 1.2%
1950 21,169 1.3%
1960 21,825 3.1%
1970 22,852 4.7%
1980 27,559 20.6%
1990 31,636 14.8%
2000 35,075 10.9%
2010 41,993 19.7%
Source: "".

1783 Enumeration

1785 Enumeration

1820 - Exists, but the National Archives microfilm copy of Shenandoah County, Virginia omits pages 150a and 150b. The missing names have been published in The Virginia Genealogist:

  • Petty, Gerald M. "Virginia 1820 Federal Census: Names Not on the Microfilm Copy," The Virginia Genealogist 18, no 2 (April-June 1974):136-139.
The list is also available online at the Shenandoah County GenWeb Project. See 1820 Census page 150, Shenandoah County, Virginia for digital copies of the missing Shenandoah County pages.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Lost River (1784)[10]
  2. Smith's Creek (1774)[10]
  3. South River (1783)[10]
  4. Water Lick (1787)[10]

Shenandoah County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association and the Ketocton Association.

Church of England
go to See also Beckford Parish.

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Shenandoah County is available online.[11]

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Smith's Creek Monthly Meeting (1736-1810) aka Broadway[12]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Online Court Indexes and Records

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Shenandoah County, Virginia Chancery Records 1772-1927 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

For databases and immigrant groups, see Virginia Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Compiled Genealogies by Surname


Compiled Genealogies for Multiple Families

  • Cartmell, T. K. Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963; FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1; digital version at Ancestry ($), FamilySearch Digital Library, World Vital Records ($). [3 copies at FHL.]
  • O'Dell, Cecil. Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia. Marceline, Mo.: Walsworth Pub. Co., 1995. FHL Collection. One of the most impressively researched one-place studies in the United States. In a review, Dorman stated "Comprehensive studies such as this appear only rarerly. This volume should be in every Virginia genealogical collection."[13]
  • Vann, Marvin J. Shenandoah County, Virginia, a Study of the 1860 Census with Supplemental Data. 4 vols. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1993-1998. FHL Collection 975.595 X2v v. 1
  • The Katherine Bushman Papers, 1961-1997 at the Library of Virginia include files about Shenandoah County families.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

For land indexes, records, and databases, see Virginia Land and Property, including Colonial and State Land Grants.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Grants and Patents

  • Crown. 84 patents dated 1749-1858 in what is now Shenandoah County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. 2005. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • 1742-1775 Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775. Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1775-1800. Vol. III. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Shenandoah County.]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

County and state maps, historical and more current, are valuable research tools. For map collections, online and in libraries, see Virginia Maps.

Winchester (Independent City)Frederick CountyWarren CountyPage CountyRockingham CountyHardy CountyHampshire CountyVA SHENANDOAH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources
  • Massanutten Area Atlas. Original records, Shenandoah County Archives, Woodstock, Va. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [This is a bound book of hand drawn maps showing property boundaries for grant map, ca. 1748-1915. It covers parts of Shenandoah, Warren and Page counties.]
  • FamilySearch Places: Cities and Towns in this county - How to Use FS Places

Migration[edit | edit source]

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):49-53. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors by NEHGS ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Shenandoah County's 1789 Delinquent List appears on pp. 49-50.]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Shenandoah County militia officers and veterans; see place name index.]

Revolutionary War

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington, D.C.: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Roster of Capt. Thomas Buck's company, enlisted from Dunmore county (now Shenandoah), Sept. 5, 1777, see pp. 178-180.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Shenandoah County on page 136.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). Includes veterans. Virginia section begins on page 238.

Regiments. Service men in Shenandoah County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Shenandoah County supplied soldiers for the:

- 8th Virginia Regiment
- 12th Virginia Regiment (7th Company)[14]

"A Copy of the men drafted and listed March 19 1781 Agreeable to an act of assembly for the County of Shenandoah," transcribed and annotated by James L. Lynch, is available for free online, courtesy: Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution. Shenandoah County residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[15]

War of 1812

  • Shenandoah County, Virginia War of 1812 Soldiers
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Shenandoah County, p. 103-104. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

Regiments. Shenandoah County men served in the 13th and 97th Regiments.[16]

Civil War

Regiments. Civil War service men in Shenandoah County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 7th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (Confederate). Company C (Shenandoah Rangers), Company K (Captain William Miller).[17]
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Strasburg Guards) and Company F (Muhlenburg Rifles).[18]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company E (Potomac Mounted Riflemen or Valley Mounted Riflemen).[19]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company J.[20]
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company D.[21]
- 35th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).[22]

Civil War Battles
The following Civil War battles were fought in Shenandoah County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For online newspaper resources, see the Virginia Newspapers page.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

  • 2007-present Northern Virginia Daily (Strasburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 2009-present Shenandoah Valley-Herald (Woodstock, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

For probate records, indexes, and databases, see Virginia Probate Records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

For additional online collections and the value and use of Virginia's tax lists in your research, see Virginia Taxation.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

  • 1774-1776 Dunmore County (Va.) Rent Rolls, 1774-1776
  • 1782-1799 Shenandoah County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1799 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy ($).
  • 1782-1818 Heinegg, Paul. "Shenandoah County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1818," Free African [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • 1783 - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783; index online at Revolutionary War Service website - free.
  • 1783 Tax List 1783 - Shenandoah County at VAGenWeb Images and transcription.
  • 1787 Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Shenandoah County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • 1789 Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):49-53. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors by NEHGS ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Shenandoah County's 1789 Delinquent List appears on pp. 49-50.]
  • 1789, 1799 Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Shenandoah County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1815 Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is 1815 land tax. Shenandoah County is included in Vol. 4.]
  • 1815 Land Tax Roll, 1815, Frederick Findings. Mechanicsville VA: Summer 1996. Vol. 8 Iss. 2; Fall 1995. Vol. 8 Iss. 3; Winter 1995. Vol. 8 Iss. 4; Spring 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 1; Summer 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 2; Fall 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 3; Winter 1996. Vol. 9 Iss. 4; Winter 1998. Vol. 10 Iss. 1; Spring 1998. Vol. 10 Iss. 2. FHL Book 975.59 D25f.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

For additional indexes, databases, and details, see Virginia Vital Records.

Vital Record Substitutes

Birth[edit | edit source]

Beth Fridley has published abstracts of the following Shenandoah County, Virginia birth records online at Ancestry:

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Take care when using published abstracts of early marriages of Shenandoah County. Editors who originally did this work did not understand German very well.

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Shenandoah County. For state-wide facilities, see Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Shenandoah County. For state-wide library facilities, see Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Shenandoah County Library
300 Stoney Creek Blvd
Edinburg, VA 22824
Phone: 504-984-8200

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Shenandoah County. For state-wide genealogical and historical societies, see Virginia Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Shenandoah County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1978):210-213. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors by NEHGS ($).
  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Newberry
  2. Wikipedia contributors, in Shenandoah County, Virginia
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Shenandoah County, Virginia. Page 721 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. William Waller Hening, editor, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature in the year 1619, 13 vols. (Richmond: J.&G. Cochran, Printers, 1821), vol. IX, page 424, Chapter XVIII, "An act for forming several new counties, and reforming the boundaries of two others," October 1777, the name of Dunmore County changed to Shanando on 1 February 1778, digital images, Internet Archive ( : 25 October 2018).
  6. Newberry
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Shenandoah County,_Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Virginia#Communities accessed 25 February 2020.
  9. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at Google Books.
  11. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  12. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  13. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):236.
  14. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 67-68. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  15. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 44. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  16. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 194. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  17. Richard L. Armstrong, 7th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 88.
  18. Terrence V. Murphy, 10th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.
  19. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  20. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  21. Roger U. Delauter, 18th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 18.
  22. John E. Divine, 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 19.
  23. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  24. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  25. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  26. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August 2012).