Shelby County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Shelby County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Sidney
Organized: April 1, 1819[1]
Parent County(s): Miami[2]
Neighboring Counties
Mercer  • Auglaize  • Logan  • Champaign  • Miami  • Darke
See County Maps
Shelby County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH shelby.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named Isaac Shelby (1750-1826).[3], a former governor of Kentucky. It is located in the West-central area of the state.[4]

Isaac Shelby

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Shelby County Courthouse
129 E Court St
PO Box 809
Sidney, OH 45365
Phone: 937-498-0011
Shelby County Website

Clerk Court has court records from 1819;
Probate Judge has birth, marriage, death and probate, records from 1825;
County Recorder has land records from 1819[5]

Shelby County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1825 1825 1825 1819 1819 1825 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Shelby County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.
  • Adams, Barbara; Mozley, Gene. Memorial records of Shelby County, Ohio, 1819-1975 (Gateway Press, Baltimore, 1977). Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 2,106
1830 3,671 74.3%
1840 12,154 231.1%
1850 13,958 14.8%
1860 17,493 25.3%
1870 20,748 18.6%
1880 24,137 16.3%
1890 24,707 2.4%
1900 24,625 −0.3%
1910 24,663 0.2%
1920 25,923 5.1%
1930 24,924 −3.9%
1940 26,071 4.6%
1950 28,488 9.3%
1960 33,586 17.9%
1970 37,748 12.4%
1980 43,089 14.1%
1990 44,915 4.2%
2000 47,910 6.7%
2010 49,423 3.2%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Native American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Mercer CountyAuglaize CountyLogan CountyChampaign CountyMiami CountyDarke CountyOH SHELBY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Shelby County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Shelby County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Shelby County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Shelby County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Amos Memorial
Main Branch
230 E North St
Sidney, OH 45365-2733

Museums[edit | edit source]

Fort Loramie Historical Association
37 N Main St
PO Box 276
Fort Loramie, OH 45845

William A. Ross Jr Historical Center
201 N Main Ave
Sidney, OH
(937) 498-1653

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Shelby County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Shelby County Historical Society
201 N Main St
PO Box 376
Sidney, OH 45365-0376

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. "List of Counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Shelby County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/27/2017.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Shelby County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 15 January 2019.