Scotland Genealogy

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Scotland Wiki Topics
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Scotland Beginning Research
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Guide to Scotland ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Country Information[edit | edit source]

Scotland is a one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom (together with England, Wales and Northern Ireland). In 1707, the Kingdom of Scotland joined the Kingdom of England in union to become the Kingdom of Great Britain. The official language is English.[1], although Scottish Gaelic has some legal status within certain contexts.

Scotland has also been known unofficially as "Caledonia", hence the many "Caledonian Societies" around the world.

Why Scotland Historic Counties are Used[edit | edit source]

The Scotland counties listed below are based on historic boundaries pre-1974. The records dating before 1974 are located within the information found in the historic counties. This practice better assists our patrons who are researching their ancestors before the modern time period.

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Scotland Research

Links to articles on getting started with Scotland research.

See More Research Strategies

Scotland Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Scotland research.

See More Research Tools
Ask the

Scotland Clickable Map[edit | edit source]

WigtownshireKirkcudbrightshireDumfriesshireRenfrewshireAyrshireLanarkshirePeeblesshireSelkirkshireRoxburghshireBerwickshireEast Lothian (or Haddingtonshire)West Lothian (Linlithgowshire)Midlothian (Edinburghshire)DunbartonshireClackmannanshireKinross-shireStirlingshireFifePerthshireAngus (or Forfarshire)KincardineshireNairnshireMoray (formerly Elginshire)BanffshireAberdeenshireCaithnessSutherlandSutherlandOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyOrkneyShetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Shetland (or Zetland)Ross and CromartyRoss and CromartyRoss and CromartyRoss and CromartyButeshireButeshireButeshireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireInverness-shireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireArgyllshireLancashireCumberlandWestmorlandDurhamNorthumberlandYorkshireIsle of ManNorthern IrelandNorthern IrelandIrelandIrelandScotland.png

Counties[edit | edit source]

Here is a list of the historic counties with the new (post-1974) county or counties they are primarily a part of. Click on an old county name to see a list of historic parishes with further links to information on parish records. The codes are the standard 'Chapman Code' abbreviations for the historic counties. For more information see Scotland Counties.

Historic County Code Post-1974 County
Aberdeenshire ABD Grampian
Angus (or Forfarshire) ANS Tayside
Argyllshire ARL Strathclyde
Ayrshire AYR Strathclyde
Banffshire BAN Grampian
Berwickshire BEW Borders
Bute BUT Strathclyde
Caithness CAI Highland
Clackmannanshire CLK Central
Dumfriesshire DFS Dumfries & Galloway
Dunbartonshire DNB Strathclyde
East Lothian (or Haddingtonshire) ELN Lothian
Edinburghshire (see Midlothian) --- ---
Elginshire (see Moray) --- ---
Fife (Kingdom of) FIF Fife
Forfarshire (see Angus) --- ---
Haddingtonshire (see East Lothian) --- ---
Inverness-shire INV Highland
Kincardineshire KCD Grampian
Kinross-shire KRS Tayside
Kirkcudbrightshire KKD Dumfries & Galloway
Lanarkshire LKS Strathclyde
Linlithgowshire (see West Lothian) --- ---
Midlothian (or Edinburghshire) MLN Lothian
Moray (or Elginshire) MOR Grampian
Nairnshire NAI Highland
Orkney Islands OKI Orkney
Peeblesshire PEE Borders
Perthshire PER Tayside, Central
Renfrewshire RFW Strathclyde
Ross & Cromarty ROC Highland
Roxburghshire ROX Borders
Selkirkshire SEL Borders
Shetland (or Zetland) Islands SHI Shetland
Stirlingshire STI Central
Sutherland SUT Highland
West Lothian (or Linlithgowshire) WLN Lothian
Wigtownshire WIG Dumfries & Galloway

More Scotland Research Strategies[edit | edit source]

Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy Wiki articles for Scotland.

More Scotland Research Tools[edit | edit source]

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Scotland.

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.

Research Tutorials[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Scotland," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 23 March 2016.