Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Scioto County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Portsmouth
Organized: May 1, 1803[1]
Parent County(s): Adams[2]
Neighboring Counties
Adams  • Pike  • Jackson  • Lawrence  • Greenup (KY)  • Lewis (KY)
See County Maps
Scioto County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH scioto.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for an Indian word referring to deer or deer-hunting. It is located in the Southcentral area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Scioto County Courthouse
607 7th St
Portsmouth, OH 45662-3948
Phone: 740-355-8218
Scioto County Website

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1817;
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
County Recorder has land records[4]

Scioto County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1856 1804 1856 1817 1803 1810 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Keyes, James, Pioneers of Scioto County: Being a Short Biographical Sketch of Some of the First Settlers of Scioto County, Ohio, (Portsmouth, Ohio: J. Keyes, 1880). Online at Google Books, FamilySearch Digital Library
  • History of lower Scioto Valley, Ohio : together with sketches of its cities, villages and townships, educational, religious, civil, military and political history, portraits of prominent persons and biographies of representative citizens. (Inter-state Publishing Co., Chicago, 1884). Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Ancestry ($) at Ancestry.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Scioto County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,399
1820 5,750 69.2%
1830 8,740 52.0%
1840 11,192 28.1%
1850 18,428 64.7%
1860 24,297 31.8%
1870 29,302 20.6%
1880 33,511 14.4%
1890 35,377 5.6%
1900 40,981 15.8%
1910 48,463 18.3%
1920 62,850 29.7%
1930 81,221 29.2%
1940 86,565 6.6%
1950 82,910 −4.2%
1960 84,216 1.6%
1970 76,951 −8.6%
1980 84,545 9.9%
1990 80,327 −5.0%
2000 79,195 −1.4%
2010 79,499 0.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Native Americans

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Pike CountyJackson CountyLawrence CountyGreenup CountyLewis CountyAdams CountyOH SCIOTO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Civil War service men from Scioto County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Scioto County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery, Companies A, D, and F
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company G, also known as the Portsmouth Guards
- 56th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, C, D, F, G, H, and K

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Scioto County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Scioto County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Scioto County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Scioto County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Portsmouth Public Library
1220 Gallia Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662-4185

Museums[edit | edit source]

Southern Ohio Museum & Cultural Center
825 Gallia Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Scioto County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Scioto County Chapter, OGS
PO Box 812
Portsmouth, OH 45662

Catholic Record Society
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus
197 E Gay St
Columbus, OH 43215

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/27/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Scioto County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 14 January 2019.