Ross County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Ross County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Chillicothe
Organized: Mar 1, 1803[1]
Parent County(s): Adams, Hamilton, Washington[2]
Neighboring Counties
Pickaway  • Hocking  • Vinton  • Jackson  • Pike  • Highland  • Fayette
See County Maps
Ross County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH ross.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania.[3] It is located in the Southcentral area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Ross County Courthouse
2 N Paint St
Chillicothe, OH 45601
Phone: 740-702-3010
Ross County Website

Probate Judge has birth, marriage, death and probate records;
Clerk Court has divorce records from late 1800’s and court records;
County Recorder has land records[5]

Ross County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1798 1867 1798 1797 1797 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [9]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Ross County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 8,540
1810 15,514 81.7%
1820 20,619 32.9%
1830 24,068 16.7%
1840 27,460 14.1%
1850 32,074 16.8%
1860 35,071 9.3%
1870 37,097 5.8%
1880 40,307 8.7%
1890 39,454 −2.1%
1900 40,940 3.8%
1910 40,069 −2.1%
1920 41,556 3.7%
1930 45,181 8.7%
1940 52,147 15.4%
1950 54,424 4.4%
1960 61,215 12.5%
1970 61,211 −0.0%
1980 65,004 6.2%
1990 69,330 6.7%
2000 73,345 5.8%
2010 78,064 6.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Fayette CountyPickaway CountyHocking CountyVinton CountyPike CountyHighland CountyJackson CountyOH ROSS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

  • Civil War service men from Ross County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ross County.
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company M
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery, Company B
- 106th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company F

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Ross County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Ross County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Ross County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Ross County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Chillicothe and Ross County Public Library
140 S Paint St
PO Box 185
Chillicothe, OH 45601-3214

Museums[edit | edit source]

Ross County Historical Society Museum
45 W Fifth St
Chillicothe, OH 45601

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Ross County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Ross County, Ohio Genealogical Society
PO Box 6352
Chillicothe, OH 45601-6352

Ross County Heritage Center
45 W Fifth St
Chillicothe, OH 45601

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Ross County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Ross County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/27/2017.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  8. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Ross County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 11 January 2019.