Rockingham County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Rockingham County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wentworth
Organized: 1785
Parent County(s): Guilford[1]
Neighboring Counties
Alamance  • Caswell  • Forsyth  • Guilford  • Henry (VA)  • Pittsylvania (VA)  • Stokes
See County Maps
Rockingham County, North Carolina courthouse (Newer).jpeg
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Rockingham County is located in the north-central portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Virginia. It was named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, Second Marquis of Rockingham, the British prime minister at the time of the repeal of the Stamp Act and a supporter of American independence.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Rockingham County Courthouse
371 NC 65, #212
PO Box 56
Wentworth, NC 27375
Phone: 336-342-8820
Rockingham County Website

Register of Deeds has marriage records from 1868, birth and death records from 1913.
Clerk Superior Court has probate records from 1804, marriage records 1741-1868, and copies of wills and estate records starting from 1772.[3]

Rockingham County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1741 1913 1786 1787 1804 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Courthouse burned 1906; some of the court records are missing.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1785 Rockingham was organized from Guilford County.
  • County seat: Wentworth[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Bethany
Census-designated places
  • Huntsville
  • Madison
  • Mayo
  • New Bethel
  • Price
  • Reidsville
  • Ruffin
  • Stoneville
  • Wentworth
  • Williamsburg

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

On December 29, 1785, the North Carolina General Assembly enacted legislation that created Rockingham County from the northern half of the Guilford County. The assembly chose to name the new county for Charles Watson-Wentworth, second Marquess of Rockingham (1730-1782). Rockingham was a leading Whig and was Prime Minister of Britain from 1765 to 1766 and again in 1782. His popularity in America was assured when he secured repeal of the hated Stamp Act in 1766 and led the ministry that initiated negotiations to terminate the Revolutionary War. From 1768 to 1781 he had been the leading Parliamentary opponent of both the government's American policy and the war.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Rockingham County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 6,211
1800 8,277 33.3%
1810 10,316 24.6%
1820 11,474 11.2%
1830 12,935 12.7%
1840 13,442 3.9%
1850 14,495 7.8%
1860 16,746 15.5%
1870 15,708 −6.2%
1880 21,744 38.4%
1890 25,363 16.6%
1900 33,163 30.8%
1910 36,442 9.9%
1920 44,149 21.1%
1930 51,083 15.7%
1940 57,898 13.3%
1950 64,816 11.9%
1960 69,629 7.4%
1970 72,402 4.0%
1980 83,426 15.2%
1990 86,064 3.2%
2000 91,928 6.8%
2010 93,643 1.9%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]


  • Haw River. Constituted 1793.[7]
  • Matrimony Creek. Constituted 1780.[7]
  • Wolf Island. Constituted 1777.[7]


  • Speedwell Church, near Reidsville, N.C. Organized about 1759.[8]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Patrick CountyHenry CountyPittsylvania CountyCaswell CountyAlamance CountyGuilford CountyForsyth CountyStokes CountyNC ROCKINGHAM.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Rockingham County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rockingham County:

- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company H
- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company I
- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company K
- 14th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 4th Volunteers, Company G
- 4th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company D
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (63rd Regiment Volunteers), Company D
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain George F Fisher's Company
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company F

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1815 Rockingham County Tax Lists, 1815 (North Carolina Digital Collections)

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Rockingham County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Rockingham County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Madison-Mayodan Public Library
611 Burton Street
Madison, NC 27025
Telephone 336-548-6553

Museums[edit | edit source]

Bassett Historical Center
3964 Fairystone Park Highway
Bassett, VA 24055
Telephone 276-629-9191
Resource for family history research in Henry, Patrick, Floyd, Franklin and Pittsylvania counties in Virginia; the city of Martinsville, Virginia; and Rockingham, Stokes and Surry counties in North Carolina.

Rockingham County Historical Society Museum
PO Box 84
Wentworth, NC 27375-0084
Telephone 336-634-4949

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Rockingham County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

Rockingham-Stokes Counties Genealogical Society
PO Box 152
Mayodan, NC 27027-0152

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • Sweeney, Alice J. "Bassett Historical Center," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Aug. 2002):1-3. Available at FHL; Virginia Genealogical Society.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rockingham County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Rockingham County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_North_Carolina, accessed 24 February 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:567. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  8. "Speedwell Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at