Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Robeson County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lumberton
Organized: 1787
Parent County(s): Bladen[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bladen  • Columbus  • Cumberland  • Dillon (SC)  • Hoke  • Horry (SC)  • Marlboro (SC)  • Scotland
See County Maps
Location Map
Adopt-a-wiki page
Logonew small.gif This page adopted by:
NCGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Robeson County is located in the south-central portion of North Carolina and shares a border with South Carolina. It was named for Revolutionary War Colonel Thomas Robeson.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Robeson County Courthouse
500 N Elm Street
PO Box 22
Lumberton, NC 28358
Phone: 919-671-3044
Robeson County Website

Register of Deeds has been recorded from 1913, marriage records from 1787, death records from 1915, brand land records from 1799.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1920 and probate records from 1868.[3]

Robeson County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1787 1915 1920 1799 1868 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Many of the court records are missing.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1787 Robeson County was created from Bladen.
  • County seat: Lumberton[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Alfordsville
  • Back Swamp
  • Barnesville
  • Britts
  • Burnt Swamp
  • East Howellsville
  • Gaddy
  • Parkton
  • Philadelphus
  • Raft Swamp
  • Rennert
  • Saddletree
  • Shannon
  • Smiths
  • Smyrna
  • Sterlings
  • Thompson
  • Union
  • West Howellsville
  • Whitehouse
  • Wishart

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Robeson County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,343
1800 6,839 28.0%
1810 7,528 10.1%
1820 8,204 9.0%
1830 9,433 15.0%
1840 10,370 9.9%
1850 12,826 23.7%
1860 15,489 20.8%
1870 16,262 5.0%
1880 23,880 46.8%
1890 31,483 31.8%
1900 40,371 28.2%
1910 51,945 28.7%
1920 54,674 5.3%
1930 66,512 21.7%
1940 76,860 15.6%
1950 87,769 14.2%
1960 89,102 1.5%
1970 84,842 −4.8%
1980 101,610 19.8%
1990 105,179 3.5%
2000 123,339 17.3%
2010 134,168 8.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]


  • Ash Pole. Organized 1796.[7]
  • First Baptist Church, Lumberton, N.C. [8]
  • Saddle Tree Creek. Constituted by 1788. [9] Lemuel Burkitt and Jesse Read, A Concise History of the Kehukee Baptist Association: From Its Original Rise Down to 1808 (1808), Chapter 16. Available online at Internet Archives.


List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans Many free African American families moved to Robeson County from Virginia in the 1700s.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Fairmont[edit | edit source]

Lumberton[edit | edit source]

Maxton[edit | edit source]

Pembroke[edit | edit source]

Red Springs[edit | edit source]

St.Pauls[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Hoke CountyCumberland CountyBladen CountyColumbus CountyScotland CountyMarlboro CountyDillon CountyNC ROBESON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Robeson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Robeson County:

- 3rd Regiment, North Carolina Artillery, Company E
- 7th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company C
- 8th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain Nathaniel McLean's Company
- 8th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain Neill McNeill's Company
- 12th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, 1st Company D
- 51st Regiment, North Carolina Militia Company F

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Robeson County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Robeson County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Robeson County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

  • Robeson County Genealogical Society
    PO Box 2292
    Lumberton, NC 28359
    Website Facebook
  • Robeson County History Museum
    PO Box 2503
    Lumberon, NC 28359
    Website Facebook
  • Southeastern North Carolina Genealogical Society
    PO Box 468
    Chadbourn, NC 28431-0468

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • Robeson County NCGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Robeson County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Robeson County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_North_Carolina, accessed 24 February 2020.
  7. Lemuel Burkitt and Jesse Read, A Concise History of the Kehukee Baptist Association: From Its Original Rise Down to 1808 Chapter 16. Digital version at "Ashpole Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, accessed 22 October 2012.
  8. First Baptist Church, Lumberton, North Carolina; one hundred years of Christian witnessing, 1855-1955 (Eastern NC Digital Library)
  9. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:491.