Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Richmond County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Augusta
Organized: February 5, 1777
Parent County(s): St. Paul Parish[1]
Neighboring Counties
Aiken (SC)  • Burke  • Columbia  • Edgefield (SC)  • Jefferson  • McDuffie
See County Maps
Richmond County Court House Augusta City, Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Richmond County Map.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, a British politician and office-holder sympathetic to the cause of the American colonies. Richmond was also a first cousin to King George III. The County is located in the east central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Richmond County Courthouse
530 Green Street
Augusta, GA 30911-0001
Phone: 760-821-2460
Richmond County Website

Clerk Superior Court has land records from 1778 and court records.
Probate Court has marriage and probate records.[3]

Richmond County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1919 1785 1919 1782 1778 1782 1820
*Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1777 Richmond County was created 5 February 1777 from St. Paul Parish.
  • County seat: Augusta[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • 1873-1881 Teachers Employed from 1873 to 1881 in Richmond County Georgia Pioneers ($)

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Richmond, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

United States, Cemetery Abstracts, 1949-1969

US Vol. 5
page 108 - Toole Cemetery
page 314 - Augusta Cemetery near old Savannah Road

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 11,317
1800 5,475 −51.6%
1810 6,189 13.0%
1820 8,608 39.1%
1830 11,644 35.3%
1840 11,932 2.5%
1850 16,246 36.2%
1860 21,284 31.0%
1870 25,724 20.9%
1880 34,665 34.8%
1890 45,194 30.4%
1900 53,735 18.9%
1910 58,886 9.6%
1920 63,692 8.2%
1930 72,990 14.6%
1940 81,863 12.2%
1950 108,876 33.0%
1960 135,601 24.5%
1970 162,437 19.8%
1980 181,629 11.8%
1990 189,719 4.5%
2000 199,775 5.3%
2010 200,549 0.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

St. Mary's Church, Augusta

  • 1895 - St. Mary's Church, Augusta, Marriage Index 1895. Batch M713611 at FamilySearch

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Augusta

Christ Church Episcopal, Augusta

  • 1887-1895 Christ Church Episcopal, Augusta, Marriage Index 1887-1895. Batch M713591 at FamilySearch[8]

Church of the Atonement Episcopal, Augusta

  • 1851-1885 Church of the Atonement Episcopal, Augusta, Baptism Index 1851-1885. Batch C713601 at FamilySearch
  • 1851-1895 Church of the Atonement Episcopal, Augusta, Baptism Index 1851-1885. Batch M713601 at FamilySearch

St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Augusta

  • 1868-1885 St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Augusta, Baptism Index 1868-1885. Batch C713621 at FamilySearch
  • 1868-1885 St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Augusta, Marriage Index 1868-1885. Batch M713621 at FamilySearch

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans
Terrell, Lloyd Preston. Blacks in Augusta: a chronology, 1741-1977 / by Lloyd P. Terrell and Marguerite S. C. Terrell. - Augusta, Ga. Preston Publications. c 1977. 50 p. F294.A9 T47

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Augusta. Augusta, Ga.: Tidwell Print. Supply Co., 1938. Digital version at Ancestry ($)
  • Clark, Walter A. A Lost Arcadia, or, The Story of My Old Community. Augusta, Ga.: Chronicle Job Print., 1909. Digital version at Ancestry ($)
  • Dellquest, Augustus Wilfrid. Historic Augusta: A Brief Description of the Monuments and Places of Historical Interest in and around Augusta, Ga. Augusta, Ga.: A.W. Dellquest Book Co., 1917. Digital version at Ancestry ($)
  • Jones, Charles Colcock. Memorial History of Augusta, Georgia: From Its Settlement in 1735 to the Close of the Eighteenth Century. Syracuse, N.Y.: D. Mason & Co., 1890. Digital version at Ancestry ($)

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

McDuffie CountyColumbia CountyJefferson CountyBurke CountyAiken CountyEdgefield CountyGA RICHMOND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Richmond County for European settlers included:[9]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Richmond County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Richmond County:

- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company F
- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Ramsey's) (Confederate), Companies D and I
- 3rd Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and I
- 3rd Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters (Confederate)
- 3rd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and I
- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies A, C and N
- 9th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 10th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B, D and K
- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 12th Battalion, Georgia Light Artillery (Confederate), Reorganized Companies D and F
- 20th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company K
- 22nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 48th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and I
- 62nd Regiment, Georgia Cavalry (Confederate) , Company E, H and I

  • Sheahan, John J. 1996. Military markers and data: Cemeteries located in Richmond County, Georgia. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. film 1598370

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1873-1881 Teachers Employed from 1873 to 1881 in Richmond County Georgia Pioneers ($)

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Richmond County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Georgia Archives
University System of Georgia
5800 Jonesboro Road
Morrow, GA 30260

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Richmond County. For state-wide library facilities, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Richmond County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Georgia Societies.

Augusta Genealogical Society
1058 Claussen Road, Suite 108
PO Box 3743
Augusta, Georgia 30914-3743

Augusta Richmond County Historical Society (ARCHS)
Reese Library, Augusta University
2500 Walton Way
Augusta, GA 30904-2200

Georgia Genealogical Society
PO Box 550247
Atlanta, Georgia 30355-2747

Georgia Historical Society
Street address: 501 Whitaker Street
Mailing address: 104 W Gaston Street
Savannah, GA 31401
912-651-2125, 877-424-4789

Sons of Confederate Veterans
Brigadier General E Porter Alexander Camp #158
PO Box 3694, Hill Station
Augusta, GA 30904

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Richmond County, Georgia" in,_Georgia accessed 5 Nov 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Richmond County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 50-51. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Richmond_County,_Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Georgia#Cities_and_communities, accessed 1 August 2016.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  9. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.