Richland County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Richland County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Mansfield
Organized: March 1, 1813[1]
Parent County(s): Franklin, Non-County Area 2, Knox[2]
Neighboring Counties
Huron  • Ashland  • Knox  • Morrow  • Crawford
See County Maps
Richland County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH richland.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the fertile soil found there.[3] It is located in the Northcentral area of the state.[4]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Richland County Courthouse
50 Park Ave E
Mansfield, OH 44902-1850
Phone: 419-524-2538
Richland County Website

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1815;
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
County recorder has land records[5]

Richland County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1856 1813 1890 1815 1814 1813 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [9]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Richland County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 9,169
1830 24,006 161.8%
1840 44,532 85.5%
1850 30,879 −30.7%
1860 31,158 0.9%
1870 32,516 4.4%
1880 36,306 11.7%
1890 38,072 4.9%
1900 44,289 16.3%
1910 47,667 7.6%
1920 55,178 15.8%
1930 65,902 19.4%
1940 73,853 12.1%
1950 91,305 23.6%
1960 117,761 29.0%
1970 129,997 10.4%
1980 131,205 0.9%
1990 126,137 −3.9%
2000 128,852 2.2%
2010 124,475 −3.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

  • Farm journal farmers' directory of Richland County, Ohio, 1915, With a Complete Road Map of the county. (Philadelphia: Wilmer Atkinson Company; 1915) Online at FamilySearch Digital Library

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Huron CountyAshland CountyKnox CountyMorrow CountyCrawford CountyOH RICHLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Richland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Richland County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company I, also known as the Mansfield Guards
- 1st Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery, a battery is like a company in an artillery regiment.
- 102nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies C, D, and E

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Richland County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Richland County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Richland County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Richland County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Mansfield-Richland County Public Library
Sherman Room (genealogy room)
Main Library
43 W Third St
Mansfield, OH 44902

Marvin Memorial Library
29 W Whitney Ave
Shelby, OH 44875-1252

Museums[edit | edit source]

The Richland County Museum
51 Church St West
Lexington, OH 44904

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Richland County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Richland County Genealogical Society
The Ohio Genealogical Society
611 State Route 97 West
Bellville, OH 44813-8813

Richland County Historical Society
310 Springmill
St Mansfield, OH 44903

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Richland County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Richland County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/27/2017.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  8. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Richland County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 11 January 2019.