Randolph County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Randolph County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wedowee
Organized: December 18, 1832
Parent County(s): Creek Cession[1]
Neighboring Counties
Carroll (GA)  • Chambers  • Clay  • Cleburne  • Heard (GA)  • Tallapoosa  • Troup (GA)
See County Maps
Randolph County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Randolph County Alabama.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named in honor of James Randolph, a Virginia congressman.[2] The County is located in the east central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Randolph County Courthouse
1 Main St
PO Box 328
Wedowee, AL 36278
Phone: 256-357-4551
Fax: 256-357-9012
Randolph County Website

Probate Judge has birth and death records from 1886, marriage records from 1896, land and probate records from 1897, and military pensions 1904-1909.[4]

Randolph County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1886 1896 1886 1897 1897 1897 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Randolph County had a destructive courthouse fire in 1897. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide page 29 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1832 Randolph County was created 18 December 1832 from the Creek Cession of 1832.
  • County seat: Wedowee[7]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Randolph County:[8]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Randolph, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 4,973
1850 11,581 132.9%
1860 20,059 73.2%
1870 12,006 −40.1%
1880 16,575 38.1%
1890 17,219 3.9%
1900 21,647 25.7%
1910 24,659 13.9%
1920 27,064 9.8%
1930 26,861 −0.8%
1940 25,516 −5.0%
1950 22,513 −11.8%
1960 19,477 −13.5%
1970 18,331 −5.9%
1980 20,075 9.5%
1990 19,881 −1.0%
2000 22,380 12.6%
2010 22,913 2.4%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

The 1866 Alabama State Census for Randolph County includes columns for soldiers killed or died of disease.

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Randolph County see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Randolph County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2011. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at HistoryGeo.com ($). Website includes surname index. FHL Book 976.157 E7b.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Randolph County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

CleburneClayTallapoosaChambersTroup County, GAHeard County, GACarroll County, GAAL RANDOLPH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

The 1866 Alabama State Census for Randolph County includes columns for soldiers killed or died of disease.

Regiments. Men in Randolph County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Randolph County:

- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company I
- 7th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company A and G
- 13th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E and I
- 14th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K "Louina Guards"
- 17th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E (Dowdelll Rangers)
- 22nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F and G
- 25th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F
- 30th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 31st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H
- 44th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I
- 46th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G and K
- 59th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Randolph County has one Randolph County Voting Registration Book.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Randoolph County is in District 2.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Randolph County. For state-wide library facilities, see Alabama Archives and Libraries.

Annie L Awbrey Public Library
736 College Street
Roanoke Alabama 36274
Phone: 334-863-2632

Collections include books on genealogy and local history.

Public Library of Anniston - Calhoun County
108 E. 10th St.
Anniston, Alabama 36201
Phone: 256-237-8501

Collections include local history and genealogical records of Randolph County.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Randolph County, Alabama Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/ala/randolph/ 6/26/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Randolph, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_County,_Alabama 6/26/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Randolph County, Alabama. Page 37 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  6. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 29. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Randolph County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_County,_Alabama, accessed 25 October 2018.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/c/cf/Igialabamals.pdf.