Potawatomi Tribes

From FamilySearch Wiki
(Redirected from Potawatomi Tribes)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native American Topics
Buffalo Hunt under the Wolf-Skin Mask
Beginning Research
Record Types
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Other Topics

Potawatomi - Chief Wabaunseei (little Dawn) 1815.jpg

Introduction[edit | edit source]

Various Spellings: Potawatomi, Potawatami, Potawatamie, Putawatimi, Pattawatima, Patawattimie, Pottwatami, Potawattimie, Pottawattimie, Pattawatima, Putawatame, Pottowotomee, Pottawatamy, Poutawatamie, Pottowautomie

Ancestral homeland: Southern Michigan and Indiana; Lower peninsula of present-day Michigan

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Citizen Potawatomi Nation
1601 Gordon Cooper Dr.
Shawnee, OK 74801
Phone: 405-275-3121

Forest County Potawatomi
5416 Everybody's Road
Crandon, Wi 54520
Phone: 715-478-7200 or 800-960-5479
Facebook and Website

Hannahville Indian Community
N14911 Hannahville B-1 Road
Wilson, MI 49896
Phone: 906-466-9933

Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Gun Lake Tribe Band of Potawatomi
2880 Mission Drive
Shelbyville, MI 49344
Phone: 269-397-1780

Nottawaseppi Huron Potawatomi Inc.
1474 Mno-Bmadzewen Way
Fulton, MI 49052
Phone: 269-729-5151

Pokagon Band
58620 Sink Road / P.O. Box 180
Dowagiac, MI 49047
Phone: 800-517-0777

Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation
16281 Q Road
Mayetta, KS 566509
Phone: 877-715-6789

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

Potawatomi -Chief Kack-Kack - of the Prairie Band 1925.gif
  • 1670: Nicholas Perot- French explorer made contact with the tribe
  • 1754-63:The Potawatomi fought with the French during the French and Indian War
  • 1775-83:The Potawatomi fought with the British against the Americans
  • 1790-94:[1]Little Turtle's War the tribe fought with other tribes to discourage non-Indian settlement
  • 1809-11: Tecumseh's Rebellion fought with other tribes to discourage non-Indian settlement
  • 1832: Black Hawk War fought with other tribes to discourage non-Indian settlement
  • 1833: Census (M1831)
  • after 1831: Many removed to: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Missouri, then on to Iowa, Kansas and Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
  • 1833: Treaty of Chicago begins removal process
  • 1836-37 Census - removal of Potawatomi from Chicago (M1831)
  • 1838:The Tribe migrated from Indiana to Oklahoma is called the "Trail of Death"
  • 1846: Land in Kansas was set aside as a reservation for the Potawatomi, Chippewa and Ottawa Tribes.
  • 1867: A group of Potawatomi move from Kansas to a reservation in Oklahoma and forms the Citizen Band
  • 1861 Treaty provided for allotment of the Potawatomi land to individual owners. Those who took allotments became citizens of the United States. They became known as "Citizen Potawatomi" They later sold their land and moved to Indian Territory. The Prairie Band, refued to accept allotments, and were assigned a small reservation in northeast Kansas.
  • 1953-1954: The Prairie Band wins fight against Termination

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Potawatomi tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

E. Claspy. The Potawatomi Indians of Southwestern Michigan. Dowagiac, MI. 1966 FHL Book 970.3 P848c

Records of the Citizen Band of the Potawatomi Tribe, Shawnee, OK. FHL Film 126353

Reservations[edit | edit source]

From the mid-1800's, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[1], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[2], and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.

Bands and Groups of the Potawatomi Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities[edit | edit source]

The term or designation of Potawatomi is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. For the most part, they have historically ranged from Canadian border on the north to Oklahoma on the south and from Ohio on the east to the Mississippi River Valley and beyond on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Potawatomi, with their colonies or reservations, include:

  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation -- (Oklahoma)
  • Forest County Potawatomi Community -- (Wisconsin)
  • Hannahville Indian Community -- (Michigan)
  •  Nottawaseppi Huron Potawatomi, Inc. -- (Michigan)
  • Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Potawatomi -- (Michigan)
  • Pokagon Band -- (Michigan and Indiana)
  • Prairie Band of Potawatomi -- (Kansas)

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

Michigan Superintendency

Northern Superintendency

St. Louis Superintendency

Central Superintendency

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Agencies with jurisdiction of the Potawatomi tribe: 'In the East: Fort Wayne Agency, Indiana Agency, Green Bay Agency, Chicago Agency, Mackinac Agency In Iowa: Council Bluffs Agency, In Kansas: Fort Leavenworth Agency, Potawatomi Agency, Great Nemah Agency, Kickapoo Agency, In Indian Territory: Sac and Fox Agency, Quapaw Agency

Allotment Records[edit | edit source]

Allotment http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com

Correspondence and Census Records[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number




- - - - - - FHL Films: 580771-580774
Potawatomi Carter and Laona Agencies, 1911-27 Chicago - - Rolls 22, 230-23 FHL Film: 573868
Potawatomi Grand Rapids Agency,1900-26 Chicago - - - FHL Film: 576857
Potawatomi Great Lakes Consolidated, 1875-1952 Chicago - - Rolls 170-71, 176 FHL Films: 576859-576860
Potawatomi Fort Wayne and Indiana, 1824-50 Washington D.C. Rolls 304, 354-61 - Rolls 230-33 -

Green Bay/Chicago/

Mackinac, 1824-80

Washington D.C. and Chicago Rolls 132-34, 315-36, 402-15 - - FHL Films: 576861-576863
Potawatomi Winnebago Agency, 1864-1965 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 931-47 - - FHL Films: 583122-583129



Council Bluffs Agency, 1837-47 Washington D.C. Rolls 215-18 - - -



Osage River Agency, 1837-47 Washington D.C. Rolls 642-51 - - -



Ft. Leavenworth Agency, 1847-51 Washington D.C. Rolls 300-03 - - -



Horton (Potawatomi) Agency 1851-80 Kansas City - - Rolls 210, 392-95 -



Great Nemaha and Kickapoo, 1837-80 Washington D.C. and Kansas City Rolls 307-14, 371-74 FHL Film: 576899
Potawatomi, Indian Terr. Quapaw/Shawnee/Sac and Fox, 1871-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 703-13 - Rolls 453-54, 490-96 FHL Films: 581405-581410

Potawatomi, Citizen

Shawnee Agency, 1890-1952 Fort Wayne - - Rolls 490-96 FHL Films: 581865-581871
Potawatomi, Citizen Sac and Fox Agency, Oklahoma, 1889-1919 with gaps Fort Wayne - - Rolls 453-55 FHL Films: 581444-581449

Census[edit | edit source]

Lac du Flambeau 1910-1935 FHL films: 576918-576921

Laona - 1916-1927 FHL Film: 576922

Enrollment[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Black Hawk War (1832):

  • Wisconsin soldiers who served in the Black Hawk War (Wisconsin Historical Society) - Transcription of Wisconsin Muster Rolls from the Black Hawk War. Lists soldiers in the 18 companies of "Iowa" militia (i.e., Iowa Co, Michigan Territory), plus the Menominee and Potawatomie warriors and one militia company raised at Green Bay.

Removal[edit | edit source]

National Archives. M574 Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1807-1904. Roll 14 File 98, Emigration of Potawatomi Indians in 1838-39 FHL film 1,498,178

Potawatomi Trail of Death - 1838 Removal from Indiana to Kansas. By Shirley Willard and Susan Campbell. C. 2003 Fulton County Historical Society, Rochester, Indiana. FHL book: 970.3 P847w

This books contains:

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1789January 9, at Fort Harmar
  • 1795 August 3, at Greenville
  • 1803
  • 1805 July 4, at Fort Industry
  • 1805 August 21, at Grouseland
  • 1807 November 17, at Detroit
  • 1808 November 25, at Brownstown
  • 1815 July 18, at Portage des Sioux
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1816 August 24, at St. Louis
  • 1817 September 29, at the Miami
  • 1818  October 2, at St. Mary's
  • 1818 September 17,
  • 1821 August 29, at Chicago
  • 1825 August 19, at Prairie du Chien
  • 1826 October 16, on the Wabash
  • 1828 August 25, at Green Bay
  • 1828 September 20, on the St. Joseph River
  • 1829 July 29, at Prairie du Chien
  • 1832 October 20, at Camp Tippecanoe
  • 1832 October 26, on Tippecanoe River
  • 1832 October 27, on Tippecanoe River
  • 1834 December 4,
  • 1836 September 22, at Chippewanaung
  • 1836 September 23, at Chippewanaung
  • 1837 February 11, at Washington
  • 1846 June 5 and 17, at Council Bluffs
  • 1861 November 15, at Kansas River
  • 1866 March 29,
  • 1867 February 27, at Washington

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

  • Potawatomi Agency, M595, births and deaths 1918-1935, FHL|Film: 580774
  • Sac and Fox Agency, M595, births and deaths 1930-1939, FHL|Film: 58144
  • Lac du Flambeau - Potawatomi birth and death 1924-1932, FHL|Film: 576920

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  2. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography[edit | edit source]