Pima County, Arizona Genealogy

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Guide to Pima County, Arizona ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Pima County, Arizona
Pima County, Arizona
Map of Arizona highlighting Pima County
Location in the state of Arizona, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arizona
Location of Arizona in the U.S.
Founded One of the original four counties, 1853
County Seat Tucson
Arizona, Pima County Courthouse.png
Address 110 West Congress St.
Tucson, Arizona 85701-1317
Telephone: (520) 740-3200
Fax: (520) 798-3531

County Information[edit | edit source]

Pima County, Arizona Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1889 1863 1889 1863 1866 1863 1830
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in July 1909. General compliance by 1926

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Pima County Superior Courts Bldg.
110 West Congress St.
Tucson, Arizona 85701-1317
Telephone: (520) 740-3200[[Image:]](520) 740-3200
Fax: (520) 798-3531

Clerk Superior Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records from 1863 [2]

Holdings: criminal, civil (incl. traffic), domestic, real property, divorce, probate, guardianship, marriage.
Beginning in 2010, all civil cases 50 years old and probate cases 100 years old must be sent to the Arizona State Archives for preservation. However, indexes and microfilm copies of those records are available at the courthouse in Legal Records, Room 241. The microfilm is not for public use due to mishandling and degradation. The court's online Record Search contains an index of cases from approximately 1980 through present day.
For downtown parking garage information, please check Pima.gov's Parking Facility Page.

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named after the Pima Native Americans who are indigenous to this area. The County has Tucson as its seat and the County was created November 9, 1864. The County is located in the south central area of the state.[3]

History[edit | edit source]

Pima County, named for the Pima People, is in southeastern Arizona. Today it is home to Arizona's second largest metropolitan area, which includes Tucson, which is also its county seat, and the location of many records of value to researchers of this area. In 1847 the United States flag was first raised over Tucson by the United States Mormon Battalion, the party that blazed the southern route across to San Diego.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

10 Nov 1864 - Arizona created Pima County.[13] County seat: Tucson [14] This county is named for the Pima Indians. Look for records in Pima County.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Daughter counties:

An animated map of Arizona County changes is available from the Pima County History (scroll down).

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[18]

Unincorporated communities
Native American communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

Communities[edit | edit source]

Binghampton. Outside of Old Tucson there was a Latter-day Saint settlement called Binghampton. There are a series of leaflets published that contain many of the stories of this community, "Binghampton: The Life and Times of its people since 1892". Author is unknown, but going to the Binghampton Cemetery caretaker is the key to research for these ancestors. See cemetery reference below.

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Pima, Arizona online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arizona Cemeteries for more information

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 5,716
1880 17,006 197.5%
1890 12,673 −25.5%
1900 14,689 15.9%
1910 22,818 55.3%
1920 34,680 52.0%
1930 55,676 60.5%
1940 72,838 30.8%
1950 141,216 93.9%
1960 265,660 88.1%
1970 351,667 32.4%
1980 531,443 51.1%
1990 666,880 25.5%
2000 843,746 26.5%
2010 980,263 16.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Censuses were conducted in 1866, 1867, 1872, 1874, 1876. They include name, residence, whether head of family, number of single persons over 21, number between 10 and 21, number under 10, and remarks.

In 1882, the census lists name only.

FHL Arizona, Pima Census Records

For information regarding extant censuses, also see: Arizona Census

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For more about Arizona denominations, see Arizona Church Records.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ward and Branch Records

  • Ajo
  • Binghampton
  • Tucson

The Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson Archives and Library
Msgr. Donald H. Hughes Pastoral Center at St. Ambrose Parish
300 S. Tucson Blvd.
Tucson, AZ 85716
Tel;(520) 886-5201 (Call for Appt.)
The diocese was first established in 1868. The archive's collection includes sacramental registers from across southwest, Bishop's correspondence, ephemera, art and artifacts.[19]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Correctional Institutions
[edit | edit source]

FHL Arizona, Pima Correctional Institutions

Court[edit | edit source]

Arizona Superior Court in Pima County

Pima County Consolidated Justice Court

Other Courts may be located here: Pima County Court Records Directory

FHL Arizona, Pima Court Records

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Arizona Land and Property for additional information about early Arizona land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Pima County Recorder's Office
Holdings: deeds, mining records, mortgages.

(including records from the Recorder's Office)

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Pima County, Arizona Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Arizona Local Histories.

Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records offers an Arizona Biographical Database.

The University of Arizona has compiled information about communities, history, and research materials relating to Southern Arizona at Through our Parents' Eyes.

For history of western Pima County (Ajo, Why, Lukeville and Tohono O'odham Nation communities) the Ajo Cultural and Historical Inventory Project has identified "where and how to access information on the history and culture of Ajo and western Pima County."

Maps[edit | edit source]

FHL Arizona, Pima County Maps

Yuma CountyMaricopa CountyPinal CountyGraham CountyCochise CountySanta Cruz CountySonoraAZ PIMA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Map of Arizona County changes (1864-1983) at the Pima County Justice Court's site (scroll down).

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

[edit | edit source]

FHL Arizona, Pima Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arizona Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Pima County, Arizona Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1850 to 1864, probate records of Arizona were kept by the probate courts of New Mexico. From 1864 to 1912, the records were handled by county probate courts. 1912 to present, records such as wills, claims, administrations, case files, and calendars are kept in the custody of the clerk of the superior court in the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Original records held by the Clerk of the Superior Court or the Arizona State Archives. FHL Arizona, Pima Probate Records

FHL Arizona, Pima Guardianship Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

FHL Arizona, Pima Taxation Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arizona Department of Health Services or the county clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Pima County Health Department issues certificates for Arizona Births from 1 Jan 1950 and Arizona Deaths from 1 Feb 2008. All other certificates may be ordered from the State Office of Vital Records.

FHL Arizona, Pima Vital Records

FHL Arizona, Pima Vital Records Indexes

Birth Records[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

  • 1864-1943 - 4,742 marriages from 3 Sep 1864 to 20 Sep 1943 are listed on the Western States Marriage Index. Certificates are available from either the Clerk of the Superior Court or the Arizona State Archives.
Death Records[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

[edit | edit source]

FHL Arizona, Pima Voting Registers

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Arizona Historical Society
949 E. 2nd St.
Tucson, AZ 85719
Telephone:(520) 628-577
Fax:(520) 629-8966
Email: [1]
AHS's Arizona Historical Society Research Library and Archives holds unpublished manuscripts, biographical files, books, maps, newspapers, oral histories, photographs, and more.

Ajo Historical Society
160 S Mission Rd.
Ajo, AZ 85321-2601
Telephone:(520) 387-7105

Jewish Heritage Center
564 S Stone Ave
PO BOX 889
Tucson, AZ 85701
Telephone:(520) 670-9073
(Formerly the Jewish Historical Society of Southern Arizona and the Historic Stone Avenue Temple) Closed until further notice as of 12/31/2020.

Jewish Historical Society of Southern Arizona, Genealogy Group
4181 E Pontatoc Canyon Dr
Tucson, AZ 85718
Phone: 520-299-4486

Southern Arizona Genealogical Society (aka Green Valley Genealogical Society)
PO Box 1009
Green Valley, AZ 85622
Email: [2]

Pima County Genealogy Society
P.O. Box 16421
Tucson, AZ 85732

Pima County Public Libraries
Joel D. Valdez Main Library
101 N. Stone Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85701
Telephone:(520) 594-5500
Holdings include: Cele Peterson Arizona Collection (local history), historical Tucson newspapers, assorted other papers, online resources available to library card holders, interlibrary loan

Salzar-Ajo Branch Library
33 Plaza Ajo, AZ 85321
Telephone: (520) 387-6075
Holdings: Ajo Cultural and Historical Inventory Project, newspapers, online resources available to library card holders

Los Descendientes del Presidio de Tucson
PO Box 85337
151 S Granada Ave
Tucson, AZ 85754
Phone: 520-850-5779
Email: losdestucson@gmail.com

Postal History Foundation - Peggy J. Slusser Memorial Philatelic Library
920 N First Ave
Tucson, AZ 85719
Telephone: (520) 623-6652
Collection searchable at: www.library.pima.gov/research/collections/phf.php

Sun City Vistoso Genealogical Society
1565 E Rancho Vistoso
Social Hall/Papago Room
Oro Valley, AZ 85737
Phone: 520-825-3711

University of Arizona
Main Library
POB 210055
1510 E University Blvd
Tucson, AZ 82721-0055
Telephone: (520) 621-6441
Holdings: Special Collections (manuscripts, photographs, rare books), newspapers, government documents, map collection, ethnic records, directories, Jewish collections
Check website for parking information. Currently at limited access.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pima County, Arizona. Page 56-57 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 52.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Pima County, Arizona p. 56. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Navajo, Arizona," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navajo_County,_Arizona 7/10/2017.
  4. Barbara Baldwin Salyer and Jean Powell Banowit, Arizona genealogical and historical research guide : early sources for southern Arizona : including Cochise, Pima, Pinal, and Santa Cruz counties (Tucson, Ariz. : Arizona State Genealogical Society, 2006).
  5. Williams 108-110
  6. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
  7. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162
  8. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22
  9. N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57
  10. N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 74
  11. N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 18
  12. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
  13. Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
  14. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  15. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20
  16. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1881, 11th assy./ pp. 4-7
  17. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1899, 20th assy./ pp. 49-57
  18. Wikipedia contributors, "Pima County, Arizona," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pima_County,_Arizona, accessed 24 February 2019.
  19. Arizona Memory Project, "Archives of the Catholic Diocese of Tucson." http://azmemory.lib.az.us/cdm4/index.php?CISOROOT=/rcdhilites&mode=repository