Philippines Languages

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Description[edit | edit source]

Filipino and English are the official languages of the Philippines.
Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business.
Filipino is a standardized version of Tagalog, spoken mainly in Metro Manila. [1]

A total of 182 native languages are spoken in the Philippines and four languages have been classified as extinct.
There are 4 indigenous languages with approximately 9 million or more native speakers:

Plus an additional 10 indigenous languages with 1 million to 3 million native speakers:

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]



Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]


  • Filipino (Tagalog) phrasebook & dictionary, Footscray : Lonely Planet, 2014 - Available at WorldCat
  • Jose Villa Panganiban, Concise English Tagalog dictionary, Boston Mass. : Tuttle, 2002 - Available at WorldCat
  • John C Rigdon, English - Cebuano dictionary, Cartersville, GA: Eastern Digital Resources; 2017 - Available at WorldCat
  • Mario Tungol, Alfredo Arguluan & Myrna G Corporal, Modern English-Pilipino Ilocano dictionary, Manila, Philippines : Merriam & Webster, 1986 - Available at WorldCat
  • Cecile L Motus, Hiligaynon dictionary, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1971 - Available at WorldCat
  • George Dewey Tramp, Waray-English dictionary, Kensington, Md. : Dunwoody Press, 1995 - Available at WorldCat
  • Malcolm Warren Mintz & José Del Rosario Britanico, Bikol-English dictionary, Quezon City, Philippines : New Day Publishers, 1985 - Available at WorldCat
  • Michael Lawrence Forman, Kapampangan Dictionary, University of Hawaii Press. 2019 - Available at WorldCat
  • Richard Benton, Pangasinan dictionary, University of Hawaii Press, 2019 - Available at WorldCat
  • Howard P MacKaughan & Batua A Macaraya, English-Maranao dictionary, Honolulu : Univ. of Hawai Press, 1967 - Available at WorldCat
  • Irene Hassan, Seymour A Ashley & Mary L Ashley, Tausug-English dictionary, Jolo : Notre Dame of Jolo College ; Manila : Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1994 - Available at WorldCat

Online Dictionaries

Language Aids

  • Eusebio T Daluz, Filipino-English vocabulary with practical examples of Filipino and English grammars, Manila : 1915 - Available at WorldCat
  • Fiona De Vos, Essential Tagalog grammar, Fiona de Vos, 2011 - Available at WorldCat
  • Maria Victoria R Bunye & Elsa Paula Yap, Cebuano Grammar Notes, University of Hawaii Press, 2019 - Available at WorldCat
  • H W Widdoes, A brief introduction to the grammar of the Ilocano language - Available at WorldCat
  • Elmer P Wolfenden, Hiligaynon reference grammar, Honolulu University of Hawaii Press 1971 - Available at WorldCat
  • Timothy Clair Diller, Case grammar and its application to Waray, a Philippine Language, Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms, 1971 - Available at WorldCat
  • Malcolm Warren Mintz, Bikol grammar notes, University of Hawaii Press, 2019 - Available at WorldCat
  • Michael Lawrence Forman, Kapampangan grammar notes, University of Hawaii Press, 2019 - Available at WorldCat
  • Benton, Pangasinan Reference Grammar, University of Hawaii Press 2018 - Available at WorldCat
  • Jonathan Epstein, Maranao grammar, Zamboanga, Philippines : Peace Corps/Philippines, 1963 - Available at WorldCat
  • Irma U Peneyra & Ernesto Constantino, A grammatical sketch of the Tausug language, Diliman, Quezon City : Cecilio Lopez Archives of Philippine Languages : Philippine Linguistics Circle, University of the Philippines, 1992 - Available at WorldCat
  • Ruth Stickney, Maguindanao grammar supplement, Hyattsville, Md. : Dunwoody Press, 2009 - Available at WorldCat
  • Timur Kocaoğlu, A grammar of Karay, München : Lincom Europa, 2000 - Available at WorldCat

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

Most pre-1900 genealogical material is written in Spanish, although you will also occasionally find records in Latin, French, Dutch, or Hebrew. You do not need to be fluent in Spanish to research Philippine records. Language aids can give you the language information you need.

For word lists and help researching in Philippine records, see:

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Philippines," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 11 Apr 2022.