Orange County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Orange County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Paoli
Organized: 26 December 1815
Parent County(s): Washington, Knox, Gibson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Martin  • Lawrence  • Washington  • Crawford  • Dubois
See County Maps
Indiana, Orange County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Orange County Locator Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Orange County was named after a county in North Carolina, where many of the early settlers had previously resided.[2] It is located in the south-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Orange County Courthouse
One Court Street
Paoli, IN 47454
Phone: 812-723-2649
County Website

Orange County Health Department
205 E. Main St.
Paoli, Indiana 47454
Health Officer: Tammie Johnson - Registrar
Phone: 812-723-7112
Fax: 812-723-0510
Health Department

County Health Department has birth records from 1882, death and burial records.
County Clerk has marriage, divorce,probate and court records from from 1816.
County Recorder has land records from 1816.[4]
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Orange County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1816 1882 1816 1816 1816 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Orange County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Orange County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 5,368
1830 7,901 47.2%
1840 9,602 21.5%
1850 10,809 12.6%
1860 12,076 11.7%
1870 13,497 11.8%
1880 14,363 6.4%
1890 14,678 2.2%
1900 16,854 14.8%
1910 17,192 2.0%
1920 16,974 −1.3%
1930 17,459 2.9%
1940 17,311 −0.8%
1950 16,879 −2.5%
1960 16,877 −0.0%
1970 16,968 0.5%
1980 18,677 10.1%
1990 18,409 −1.4%
2000 19,306 4.9%
2010 19,840 2.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Orange County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Orange County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Lawrence CountyWashington CountyCrawford CountyDubois CountyMartin CountyIN ORANGE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Mexican-American War

Civil War
Civil War service men from Orange County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Orange County.

Civil War Books:

  • Military History Of Orange County Chapter 7 in History of Washington County Indiana: A Re-Production of the Original History of Lawrence, Orange and Washington Counties 1884. (Salem, Ind: Washington County Historical Society, 1999.) Available online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; INTERNET ARCHIVE

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Orange County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

  • 1853-1854 - Primarily for Martin County, it does includes a list of delinquent taxes from Orange County for 1853 and 1854 at: FamilySearch Catalog

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Orange County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Orange County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

French Lick West Baden Museum
469 South Maple Street, Suite 103
P.O. Box 250
French Lick, IN 47432
Phone: 812-936-3592

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Orange County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Orange County Genealogical Society and Library
P.O. Box 344
Paoli, IN 47454
Phone: 812-723-3437
Call for appointment

Orange County Historical Society
P.O. Box 454
304 Court St.
Paoli, IN 47454-0454
Phone: 812-653-1212

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Orange County, Indiana Genealogy and History”, (accessed 30 Mar 2017)
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Orange County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana (accessed 30 Mar 2017).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Orange County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Orange County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, (accessed 28 December 2019).