Ohio County, West Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Ohio County, West Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wheeling
Organized: October 7, 1776
Parent County(s): West Augusta District
Neighboring Counties
Belmont (OH)  • Brooke  • Jefferson (OH)  • Marshall  • Washington (PA)
See County Maps
Ohio County Courthouse West Virginia.jpg
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Ohio River. The County is located in the northwest area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Ohio County Courthouse
1500 Chapline Street
Wheeling, WV 26003-3553
Phone: 304-234-3656
Ohio County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1853, marriage records from 1793, probate records from 1777, land records from 1778.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1884.[2]

Ohio County, West Virginia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1793 1853 1884 1778 1777 1870
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1917. General compliance by 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Ohio County was part of Yohogania County, West Virginia before most of that county went to Pennsylvania in 1776.

For animated maps illustrating West Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation West Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Numerous biographies of citizens are available on the Ohio County WVGenWeb site - Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]


  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. FHL. Includes a section on Wheeling silversmiths.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Ohio County, West Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See West Virginia Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,212
1800 4,740 −9.1%
1810 9,182 93.7%
1820 9,182 0.0%
1830 15,584 69.7%
1840 13,357 −14.3%
1850 18,006 34.8%
1860 22,422 24.5%
1870 28,831 28.6%
1880 37,457 29.9%
1890 41,557 10.9%
1900 48,024 15.6%
1910 57,572 19.9%
1920 62,892 9.2%
1930 72,077 14.6%
1940 73,115 1.4%
1950 71,672 −2.0%
1960 68,437 −4.5%
1970 64,197 −6.2%
1980 61,389 −4.4%
1990 50,871 −17.1%
2000 47,427 −6.8%
2010 44,443 −6.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Ohio County census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

1890 Veteran's Schedule at FamilySearch

Mortality schedules for Virginia counties now in West Virginia, 1850-1880 at FamilySearch

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Historic Churches of Wheeling[edit | edit source]

A website presented by the Ohio County Public Library [1]


Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  • Short Creek (1802) A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia. By Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale. (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), Page 440. Available online at Google Books.
  • 1776 Petition of Baptists (10,000 names!) and sympathizers from all over Virginia, dated 16 October 1776, asking for an end to persecution of Baptists by the established church. After locating your ancestor, view the digital copies.
    – Digital copies at Library of Congress; also at Library of Virginia using the code word "000606093"
    – Hall, Jean Pickett. "Legislative Petitions: the 10,000 name petition" transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39, (Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Genealogical Society, 1983-) online at Ancestry ($) and in book form at various libraries.

Ohio County fell within the bounds of the Red Stone Association.



Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Wheeling Monthly Meeting (1789-1823) aka Head of Wheeling. The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers. Jay Worrall. (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), Pages 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.

List of Churches and Church Parishes[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

  • Beeler - Pappas, Carolyn H. "Christopher Beeler, 1705-1775," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1999):243-255; Vol. 44, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 2000):18-30; Vol. 44, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 2000):115-125. Digital version at American Ancestors by NEHGS ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
  • Craft - Craft, Kenneth Fischer. "The Craft Family in America," The Southwest Virginian, Vol. 4, No. 20 (Apr. 1981):43-45; Vol. 4, No. 21 (June 1981):36-39. FHL Book 975.57 D25s v. 4 (1981).
  • Dulin - Boss, Lula Reed. "Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Mason County, Kentucky," The Kentucky Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1968):25-33.

    More than a dozen genealogies are available on the Ohio County WVGenWeb site Genealogy files

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Guardian bonds, 1875-1928 unindexed records available at FamilySearch

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See West Virginia Land and Property for additional information about early West Virginia land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Survey books[edit | edit source]

Deeds[edit | edit source]

Deeds are available from 1778-1901 at FamilySearch. Deed indexes for both grantors and grantees are available for 1778-1935. At the beginning of each book is an index of names that shows the page of the index that records for people with that surname will be found.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Ohio County, West Virginia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section West Virginia Local Histories.

Books[edit | edit source]

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

  • Wheeling History Online Ohio County Public Library
  • Wheeling 250 - In celebration of the 150th anniversary of the city of Wheeling lectures were hosted and are available at Wheeling 250. Topics include:
    • Civil War Roundtable
    • First Families of Wheeling
    • African American Experience
    • Prehistory Wheeling
  • Weelunk publishes articles about local history
  • Archiving Wheeling also has some original content

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Brooke CountyWashington CountyGreen CountyMarshall CountyBelmont CountyJefferson CountyWV OHIO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

The Ohio County WVGenWeb site contains numerous resources on military conflicts since the Revolutionary War.

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Ohio County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Ohio County supplied soldiers for the:

- 13th Virginia Regiment (3rd, 5th, 6th, and 9th Companies)[6]

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. See Virginia, Western District, Ohio County on page 135.

War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Ohio County men served in the 4th Regiment.[7]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Ohio served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ohio County:

Civil War service men from Ohio County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Ohio County.


- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Cavalry
- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, and K.
- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Light Artillery, Battery A Light Artillery.


- 27th Regiment, Virginia Infantry Company G (Shriver Greys).[8]

World War I[edit | edit source]

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Alien Declarations[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Selected obituaries have been indexed at WVGenWeb Ohio County.

Other Records[edit | edit source]


Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records[edit | edit source]

Will Transcriptions[edit | edit source]

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

How can West Virginia tax lists help me?

  • 1787 - Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL. The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Ohio County is included in Vol. 2.
  • 1790 - Indexed images of the 1790 Personal Property Tax List of Ohio County, Virginia(now West Virginia) are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1802 - Images of the 1802 Personal Property Tax Lists of Ohio County, Virginia(now West Virginia) are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1815 - Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL Book 975 E4w v. 6. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Ohio County is included in Vol. 6.
  • Personal Property (1811-1850) Ohio County tax list at FamilySearch
  • Land tax Records from Land Books 1785-1900 at FamilySearch

West Virginia real and personal property tax records are managed by the County Assessor in each county. Land and land improvements are considered real property while mobile property is classified as personal property.

Many County Assessors offer an online searchable database, where assessment record searches can be performed by name, account number, year, or mp/parcel number. Where online records are not available, requests for records can be made to the Assessment Office in person, by phone, or in writing.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Ohio County. For state-wide archival repositories, see West Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Ohio County Public Library
52 - 16th Street
Wheeling, WV 26003
Ohio County Public Library Archives and Special Collections

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Ohio County. For state-wide library facilities, see West Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Ohio County Public Library
52 - 16th Street
Wheeling, WV 26003
Ohio County Public Library

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Ohio County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see West Virginia Societies.

Wheeling Area Genealogical Society
2237 Marshall Avenue
P O Box 6450
Wheeling, WV 26003-6450
Wheeling Area Genealogical Society

Wheeling Area Historical Society
63 Oakland Avenue
Wheeling, WV 26003
Phone: 847-537-3119
Email: curator (at) wheelinghistoricalsociety.com
Wheeling Area Historical Society

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Ohio County, West Virginia" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_County,_West_Virginia."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio County, West Virginia. Page 743-746 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 742-743.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Ohio County, West Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_County,_West_Virginia, accessed 13 July 2018.
  6. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 69. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  7. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 163. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  8. Lowell Reidenbaugh, 27th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 90.