Ohio Census

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

Ohio became a state on 1 March 1803, having been created from the Northwest Territory. So in the 1800 Census it will be listed under the Northwest Territory.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840
NW Territory/Ohio not enumerated. FamilySearch
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900
1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
NARA Index
FamilySearch Images
Release Date
April 1, 2032

Non-Population Schedules for Ohio[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1890 Veterans at Ancestry ($)
1880 Mortality (Partial) at Ancestry ($)
1880 Industry at Ancestry ($)
1880 Agriculture at Ancestry ($)
1870 Mortality (Partial) at Ancestry ($)
1870 Industry at Ancestry ($)
1870 Agriculture at Ancestry ($)
1860 Mortality at Ancestry ($)
1860 Industry at Ancestry ($)
1860 Agriculture at Ancestry ($)
1850 Mortality (Partial) at Ancestry ($)
1850 Industry at Ancestry ($)
1850 Agriculture at Ancestry ($)
1840 Pensioners at Ancestry ($)

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

No state censuses were taken for Ohio.

Quadrennial Censuses[edit | edit source]

Ohio enumerated a quadrennial census at the county level. Some of these censuses still exist. Adult males age 21 and above were enumerated.

County Year Links Format
Auglaize 1851-1907 at FamilySearch images
Ashtabula 1811-1835, 1843 at FamilySearch images
Washington 1800, 1803 at FamilySearch images
Miami County 1827, 1835 at FamilySearch index and images
Clermont County 1802 at FamilySearch microfilm
Highland County 1807 at FamilySearch book
Clermont County 1820-1830 at FamilySearch images
Clermont County 1820 at FamilySearch book
Clermont County 1801-1857 at FamilySearch index and images
Allen County 1883, 1887 at FamilySearch microfilm
Fairfield County 1831, 1839, 1847, 1851, 1859 at FamilySearch book
Mercer County 1827, 1843 at FamilySearch book
Logan County 1827 at FamilySearch book
Clinton County 1907 at FamilySearch microfilm
Columbiana County 1899-1903 at FamilySearch images
Coshocton County 1883, 1891 at FamilySearch images
Gallia County 1899 at FamilySearch images
Hardin County 1887-1907 at FamilySearch microfilm
Lawrence County 1891-1907 at FamilySearch images
Perry County 1847-1871, 1879-1887 at FamilySearch images
Pickaway County 1863, 1891, 1895, 1899 at FamilySearch images
Portage County 1847 at FamilySearch book
Seneca County 1899, 1903 at FamilySearch microfilm
Van Wert County 1887 at FamilySearch book
Washington County 1807-1911 at FamilySearch microfilm
Wood County 1842-1899 at FamilySearch microfilm

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service

Sources and footnotes[edit | edit source]