Northwest Territories, Canada Genealogy

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Guide to Northwest Territories ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Northwest Territories Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Northwest Territories Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

History[edit | edit source]

  • Northwest Territories is a province in Canada. Yellowknife is the territorial capital.
  • Prior to the arrival of Europeans, a number of First Nations and Inuit occupied the area that became the Northwest Territories.
  • Inuit groups include the Caribou, Central, and Copper.
  • First Nations groups include the Dane-zaa (Beaver), Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Tahltan (Nahani), Sekani, Slavey, and Yellowknives.
  • The present-day territory came under government authority in July 1870, after the Hudson's Bay Company transferred Rupert's Land and North-Western Territory to the British Crown, which subsequently transferred them to the government of Canada, giving it the name the North-West Territories.
  • Most of Canada was in the North-West Territories.[1]
  • After the 1870 transfer, some of the North-West Territories was whittled away.
  • In the meantime, the Province of Ontario was enlarged northwestward in 1882. Quebec was also extended northwards in 1898.
  • The provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created in 1905, and Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec acquired the last addition to their modern landmass from the NWT in 1912.
  • This left only the districts of Mackenzie, Franklin, and Keewatin within what was then given the name Northwest Territories.

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Northwest Territories Research

Links to articles on getting started with Northwest Territories research.

Northwest Territories Research Tools

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Northwest Territories[edit | edit source]


Populated Places[edit | edit source]




Aklavik      Link
Behchoko       Link
Colville Lake       Link
Deline        Link
Dettah      Link
Enterprise       Link
Eskimo Point      Link
Fort Good Hope       Link
Fort Liard      Link
Fort McPherson    Link
Fort Providence      Link
Fort Resolution     Link
Fort Simpson      Link




Fort Smith       Link
Gamèti     Link
Hay River Reserve       Link
Hay River    Link   Link
Holy River       Link
Holman    Link   Link
Inuvik       Link
Jean Marie River        Link
Kakisa       Link
Lutselk'e     Link  
Nahanni Butte     Link
N'Dilo     Link
Norman Wells      Link




Paulatuk       Link
Sachs Harbour     Link
Trout Lake       Link
Tsiigehtchic       Link
Tuktoyaktuk      Link
Tulita      Link
Ulukhaktok      Link
Wekweeti      Link
WhatÌ       Link
Wrigley      Link
Yellowknife    Link   Link

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

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Additional Resources[edit | edit source]



  1. This immense region comprised all of today's Canada except British Columbia, early form of Manitoba (a small square area around Winnipeg), early forms of present-day Ontario and Quebec (the coast of the Great Lakes, the Saint Lawrence River valley and the southern third of modern Quebec), the Maritimes (Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick), Newfoundland, the Labrador coast, and the Arctic Islands (except the southern half of Baffin Island).
  2. "Northwest Territories, in Wikipedia,, accessed 31 December 2020.