New Mexico Military Records

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Online Resources[edit | edit source]

United States Military Online Genealogy Records provides more links for nationwide military record collections.

See also New Mexico Colonial Patriots,1779-1783

Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives.  See United States Military Records for more information about the federal military records and search strategies. For New Mexico the following sources are helpful:

Forts[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7.

Spanish Service Records[edit | edit source]

Valuable records of those who served in the military in New Spain from 1786 to 1800 are at the General Archives in Simancas, Spain, and on microfilm at the Family History Library (FHL films 1156334-42, for an index see FHL book 946 M23e). You will also find military information in the Spanish Archives of New Mexico and the Mexican Archives of New Mexico (see New Mexico, United States Genealogy).

The Simancas Archives is a disapointment for researching the military records for Colonial New Mexico.  They only cover a short period of time and offer maybe up to 20 service records. The Spanish Archives of New Mexico (aka SANM, series II) have over 435 military enlistments. These records are also available at the Family History Library (FHL film 581463 (first of 18)). Other records available at the Family History Library include:

  • Christmas, Henrietta Martinez. Military Records of Colonial New Mexico Notas y 'Revistas (Notes & Musters). Albuquerque, New Mexico: Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico, 2008. FHL book 978.9 M2c.
  • Christmas, Henrietta Martinez. The Santa Fe Presidio Soldiers: Their Donation to the American Revolution. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 2006.

Mexican War (1846-1848)[edit | edit source]

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). (FHL Films 0537000-13). Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861 to 1865)[edit | edit source]

Arizona and New Mexico Territories 1863

See New Mexico in the Civil War for information about New Mexico Civil War records, websites, etc. with links to articles about the New Mexico regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

A wiki article describing an online FamilySearch collection is found at:

New Mexico, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers - FamilySearch Historical Records

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)[edit | edit source]

Many soldiers from throughout the United States served in the western states during the Indian Wars. Enlistment registers, pension records, and service records for this war are described in United States Military Records. The Family History Library has miscellaneous records and some muster rolls from the Adjutant Generals' Office in New Mexico for 1862 to 1898. (see FHL films 016612-13).

Spanish-American War (1898)[edit | edit source]

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.


The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. (How to use this collection.)

Names of soldiers who served in Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders from New Mexico are listed in History of New Mexico: Its Resources and People, Volume 1. Los Angeles, California: Pacific States Publishing Company, 1907. FHL book 978.9 H2h; FHL film 844902, Volume 1

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)[edit | edit source]

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

  • United States. Selective Service System. New Mexico, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. FHL film 1711857 (first of 16). Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.


  • A published roster of soldiers who died in the war is W. M. Haulsee, F. C. Howe, and A. C. Doyle, Soldiers of the Great War, Three Volumes. (Washington, D.C.: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. FHL book 973 M23s; FHL fiche 6051244. Volume 2 contains the New Mexico returns.

Additional Sources

World War II (1941-1945)[edit | edit source]

Selective Service On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Repositories[edit | edit source]

The New Mexico Records Center and Archives has an excellent collection of military records, including:

  • Muster rolls
  • Cemetery records
  • Files of the Adjutant General's office from 1848 to 1945

Korean War (1950–1953)[edit | edit source]

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)[edit | edit source]

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Websites[edit | edit source]