New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship
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Online resources[edit | edit source]
- 1643-1948 New Hampshire Naturalization and Probate Records, 1643-1948, images/no index
- 1771-2001 New Hampshire, County Naturalization Records, 1771-2001 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; images
- 1787-1906 United States, New England, Petitions for Naturalization, 1787-1906, Northeast Region (including Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont) at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; images
- 1791-1906 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; Also at: MyHeritage($),
- New Hampshire, State and Federal Naturalization Records, 1832-1945, index and images, ($).
- 1795-1925 United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; index and images
- 1906-1993 New Hampshire, United States Naturalization Records, 1906-1993 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; images
- 1918 United States Index to Naturalizations of World War I Soldiers, 1918 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; index
History[edit | edit source]
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant’s place of origin, foreign and Americanized names, residence, and date of arrival.
Immigrants to the United States have never been required to apply for citizenship. Of those who applied, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. Evidence that an immigrant completed citizenship requirements can be found in censuses, court minutes, homestead records, passports, voting registers, and military papers.
Availability[edit | edit source]
Even if an immigrant ancestor did not become a citizen, he or she may have filed a declaration, or first papers. These declaration records still exist and contain some genealogical information.
In the late 1930s, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) copied and indexed New England naturalization petitions for 1791 to 1906. The copies and index are at the National Archives Northeast Region (Boston). (They did not index the declarations of intention, according to an article in the 2004 Prologue magazine, volume 36, number 3, by Walter V. Hickey of the National Archives Northeast Region.)
- United States, Immigration and Naturalization Service. Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1983.
The index gives the name and location of the court, the date of naturalization, and the volume and page number (or certificate number) of the naturalization record. Some of the records are more recent than 1906.
This index is online at FamilySearch Historical Records at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; index.
- Microfilm copies of this index are at the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and at the Family History Library on FHL films 1429671-787..
Some early New Hampshire naturalization records as well as civil court cases can be found in the Colonial Court Records, 1638–1772. (See the section on New Hampshire Court Records.) This includes an alphabetical card index.
Other New Hampshire naturalization records can be found in the Locality Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
NEW HAMPSHIRE- NATURALIZATION AND CITIZENSHIP
NEW HAMPSHIRE, [COUNTY]- NATURALIZATION AND CITIZENSHIP
Post 1906 Records[edit | edit source]
For naturalization records after September 1906, use the Genealogy Program at the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (formerly INS), or the National Archives at Boston.