Muskingum County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Muskingum County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Zanesville
Organized: March 1, 1804[1]
Parent County(s): Fairfield, Washington[2]
Neighboring Counties
Coshocton  • Guernsey  • Noble  • Morgan  • Perry  • Licking
See County Maps
Muskingum County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH muskingum.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named is based on a Delaware American Indian word translated as "town by the river" or "elk's eye". Home of the "Y" Bridge which crosses the Muskingum and Licking Rivers. It is located in the Mid-Central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Muskingum County Courthouse
27 N 5th St #301
Zanesville, OH 43701
Phone: 740-455-7104
Muskingum County Courthouse

Probate Court has birth and death records 1867-1908, marriage and probate from 1804 and naturalization records;
County Recorder has land records from 1803 and and military records from 1865;
Clerk Court has divorce and court record from 1804[4]

Muskingum County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1804 1867 1804 1803 1804 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Historic communities
  • Mattingly Settlement - Named for the many members of the Mattingly family who settled in Muskingum Township.

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Muskingum County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 10,036
1820 17,824 77.6%
1830 29,334 64.6%
1840 38,749 32.1%
1850 45,049 16.3%
1860 44,416 −1.4%
1870 44,886 1.1%
1880 49,774 10.9%
1890 51,210 2.9%
1900 53,185 3.9%
1910 57,488 8.1%
1920 57,980 0.9%
1930 67,398 16.2%
1940 69,795 3.6%
1950 74,535 6.8%
1960 79,159 6.2%
1970 77,826 −1.7%
1980 83,340 7.1%
1990 82,068 −1.5%
2000 84,585 3.1%
2010 86,074 1.8%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Roman Catholics




Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

  • Lyford, W.G. The western address directory : containing the cards of merchants, manufacturers, and other business men, in Pittsburgh, (Pa.) Wheeling, (Va.) Zanesville, (O.) Portsmouth, (O.) Dayton, (O.) Cincinnati, (O.) Madison, (Ind.) Louisville, (K.) St. Louis, (Mo.); together with historical, topographical & statistical sketches, (for the year 1837,) of those cities and towns in the Mississippi valley; intended as a guide to travellers; to which is added, alphabetically arranged, a list of the steam-boats on the western waters, 1837. Printed by Jos. Robinson, Baltimore. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Archive.

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Coshocton CountyGuernsey CountyNoble CountyMorgan CountyPerry CountyLicking CountyOH MUSKINGUM.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Muskingum County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Muskingum County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company B, also known as "Laughlin's Cavalry"
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company H, also known as the Zanesville Guards
- 97th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies E, F, G, and K

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Muskingum County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Muskingum County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Muskingum County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Muskingum County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Muskingum County Library System
220 N Fifth St
Zanesville, OH 43701

Museums[edit | edit source]

Muskingum County History
115 Jefferson St
Zanesville, OH 43701

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Muskingum County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

PO Box 2427
220 N 5th St
Zanesville, OH 43702-2427
740-453-0391 ext. 139

Muskingum County History
115 Jefferson St
Zanesville, OH 43701

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Muskingum County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Muskingum County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 6 January 2019.