Montgomery County, New York Genealogy

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Guide to Montgomery County, New York ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Montgomery County, New York Genealogy families, including links to smaller localities at the bottom of this page. New York, United States Genealogy-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States Genealogy pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

Montgomery County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of New York, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Founded March 12, 1772
County Seat Fonda
New York, Montgomery County Courthouse.png
Address 9 Park Street, Old Courthouse
P.O. Box 1500
Fonda, NY 12068
Montgomery County Website
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Montgomery County New York Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec. The County is located in the central area of the state. [1]

Montgomery County, New York Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1908 1880 1795 1772 1787 1663
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1880. General compliance for births by 1915 and deaths by 1890.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Montgomery County, New York

Parent County[edit | edit source]

12 March 1772: Created from Albany County.[3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating New York County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New York County Boundary Maps" (1683-1915) may be viewed for free at the website.

Five counties set off over the years.[4]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Census-designated places

Montgomery County New York Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories* Family History Library*** WorldCat* Tombstone Project*
Cemetery Site*   NYGenWeb Cemeteries*
New York Gravestones*   Names in Stone*
NYGenWeb Cemeteries*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*   FamilySearch Places
Names in Stone*    
*See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 28,848
1800 22,051 −23.6%
1810 41,214 86.9%
1820 37,569 −8.8%
1830 43,715 16.4%
1840 35,818 −18.1%
1850 31,992 −10.7%
1860 30,866 −3.5%
1870 34,457 11.6%
1880 38,315 11.2%
1890 45,699 19.3%
1900 47,488 3.9%
1910 57,567 21.2%
1920 57,928 0.6%
1930 60,076 3.7%
1940 59,142 −1.6%
1950 59,594 0.8%
1960 57,240 −4.0%
1970 55,883 −2.4%
1980 53,439 −4.4%
1990 51,981 −2.7%
2000 49,708 −4.4%
2010 50,219 1.0%
Source: "".

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

Federal[edit | edit source]

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[6]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42.
State[edit | edit source]
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925 - - - Yes - Yes Yes - Yes Yes
Family History Library - - - Yes Index Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
FamilySearch Historical Records - - - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
New York State Library - - - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

New York State 1865 and 1875 Census Marriage, Mortality; and 1865 Soldier Mortality records:

  • Images available online at New York State Census, 1865 and New York State Census, 1875. Click on the link to go to the page, then click on the ‘Browse through images’ link and select your county, then select an ancestor's town and browse to the end of the population schedule until you find the Marriage, Mortality, and 1865 soldier mortality schedules.
  • Includes marriages and deaths for the 12 months prior to the census, ending 1 June of the census year.
  • Marriage entry content: Husband's name, wife's name, ages and previous marital status, month and day and place of marriage, and church or civil ceremony.
  • Death entry content: Name, age, sex, color, marital status, month and day of death, native state or country, occupation and cause of death.
  • 1865 deaths of officers and enlisted men entry content: Name, age, marital status, citizenship status, enlistment date, original regiment, original rank, regiment at death, rank at death, promotions, death date and place, manner of death, surviving associates, and burial place.
  • Also on microfilm. See the Family History Library line in the above State Census Chart.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Ann Mensch's Local Catholic Church and Family History & Genealogical Research Guide is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Montgomery County, years parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Montgomery County parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Albany.

  • 1734-1735 - Register of Baptisms, Marriages, Communicants, & Funerals Begun by Henry Barclay at Fort Hunter, January 26th, 1734/5: Register Book, Fort Hunter 1734. Albany, N.Y.: New York State Library, 1919. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Dempster, James. Records of Marriages and Baptisms of the Rev. James Dempster. 1934. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, New York Genealogy Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Crime and Criminals[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Herkimer CountyFulton CountySaratoga CountySchenectady CountySchoharie CountyOtsego CountyNY MONTGOMERY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

  • Rootsweb message board for Montgomery County, New York Genealogy has many information threads about families that resided in that county. There is a search engine that allows you to search by surname and topic.

History[edit | edit source]

Schenectady Digital History Archive includes "Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs: Index to Families" includes people from Montgomery County.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in Montgomery County, New York Genealogy began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].




Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Maps[edit | edit source]


Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Montgomery County for European settlers included:[7]

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Tryon (Montgomery) County men served in the 1st New York Regiment.[8]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Town registers. The New York town clerks kept a bound register of all soldiers from their town serving in the Civil War 1861-1865. Registers are arranged by county, and town. Some town registers are missing. The registers include an index at the start of each town.

Content. Many register entries include full name, residence, date and place of birth, parents names, marital status, date of enlistment and muster and rank, discharges, death, or promotion.

Access. The original registers are at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York. Microfilm copies are found at the Family History Library (FHL Film 1993401-37). They are also indexed and available at ($).

Available towns. Registers are available for: Amsterdam · Canajoharie · Florida · Glen · Mohawk · Palatine · Root · St. Johnsville.

Regiments. Service men from Oswego County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Montgomery County.[9]

- 1st Battalion, New York Light Artillery, Battery K.
- 25th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Companies B and D.
- 32nd Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies B and D.
- 43rd Regiment, New York Infantry, Company E.
- 115th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies A, B, D, G, H, I and K.
- 134th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company I.
- 153rd Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies B, C, E, F and H.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the largest online collection of 400 New York 1795-2007 newspapers. The instructions for this quirky site are needed to get the most out of it.

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the following Montgomery County, New York Genealogy newspaper images:

  • Amsterdam NY Evening Recorder 1884-1974

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the county Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 54.

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the county Surrogate Court.

Online Indexes and Abrstracts

Online Probate Records

Original county-by-county New York, Probate Records, 1629-1971 are available free online at FamilySearch. To access these records, click Historical Records below, then click "Browse through 1,630,900 images". Then select the county name, and then the probate records and time of interest.

  • Historical Records - Montgomery County: Administration records, 1896-1909; Bonds, 1890-1899; Decrees, Orders, 1802-1918; Guardianship index, 1825-1862; Letters of administration, 1788-1921; Letters of guardianship, 1825-1922; Letters of testamentary, 1864-1920; Probate records, 1874-1922; Will and Administration index, 1787-1905; Wills, 1787-1922

Probate Records on Microfilm

Probate records found at Historical Records and described in Online Probate Records above are also found on microfilm as follows:

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Montgomery County, New York Genealogy probate wills in online catalogs like:

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Montgomery County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1983). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.746 A3g. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums =[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County Department of History and Archives
Old Court House
P.O. Box 1500
Fonda, NY 12068-1500

Genealogical resources: Family Files Surnames. Also, local histories, biographies, cemetery records, compiled genealogies, land records, newspapers, city directories, gazetteers, vital records, church, census, and military records.

Margaret Reaney Memorial Library and Museum
19 Kingsbury Ave.
St. Johnsville, NY 13452

Genealogical resources: Family Bibles, maps, biographies, surname files, obituaries, censuses, cemetery, marriage, military, church records. City directories, county histories, compiled genealogies, and manuscripts. Great place to study Palatine Germans who settled the Mohawk Valley.


  • Old Fort Johnson
    Phone: 518-843-0300
    Located at the corner of Routes 5 and 67, two miles west of Amsterdam, New York.
    Small admission.
County Historian's Office[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County Historian
Kelly A. Farquhar, Historian
Old Court House
9 Park Street
P.O. Box 1500
Fonda, New York 12068-1500
Phone: 518-853-8186
Fax: 518-853-8392

September - June: Monday - Friday 8:30 am - 4:00 pm
July - August: Monday - Friday 9:00 am - 4:00 pm

Genealogical Resources:

  • Histories and Biographies
  • Cemetery records
  • Family Genealogies and Historical Files
  • Land Records 1772-1788 Tryon/Montgomery County. Other deeds held at County Clerk's office
  • Directories and Gazetteers
  • Vital Records - births, marriage and death extractions. Certificates are available from the state level or local town/city clerk's offices.
  • Church Records
  • Census Records
  • Civil Records transcribed from Supervisor's Minutes from 1793 to present.
  • Military Records
  • Newspapers
  • Archives of original records from early 1700's through 1900's. Repository of historical documents, journals, diaries, family papers and more. to 1930.
Courthouses[edit | edit source]

The Jefferson County Clerk's office has marriage, divorce, cour, land, naturalization and state census records. The Currogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Montgomery County are held, see the Montgomery County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Societies[edit | edit source]
Counties served: Albany, Columbia, Fulton, Greene, Montgomery, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, and Washington.
$3 for non-member queries in their newsletter. Monthly meetings. They staff a genealogy support desk at the Town of Colonie Library.

Member queries; surname research list; online resources; six meetings/year; publishes Tree Talks (At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 B2t) quarterly with annual index.
Counties served: Albany, Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Montgomery, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Oreleans, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Washington, Wayne, Warren, Wyoming, and Yates.

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit source]

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. Vital records from 1880/1882 are kept by town and village clerks, although some (Kent’s and Putnam Valley’s) are available in the County Historian’s Office. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

  • 1808–1850 Fred Q.Bowman, 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1997). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.7 V2bo. Abstracts from newspapers filed at the New York State Library in Albany.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for birth information.
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. The marriages in this county were recorded by the county clerk from 1908 until 1935.[12]

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1808–1850 Fred Q.Bowman, 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1997). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.7 V2bo. Abstracts from newspapers filed at the New York State Library in Albany.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Marriage Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for marriage information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.
Divorce[edit | edit source]


All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.


All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.


All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

Death[edit | edit source]

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Indexes

Death Substitutes

  • 1795–1952 New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952 at FamilySearch – free; Index. The entries are primarily from the IGI along with some entries derived from compiled and original records such as Family Records, Church Records, and Civil Registration. There may be entries that cite a specific source.
  • 1808–1850 Fred Q.Bowman, 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1997). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.7 V2bo. Abstracts from newspapers filed at the New York State Library in Albany.
  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Mortality Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Montgomery County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Montgomery– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the WorldCat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County New York Places[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County New York Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County New York Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Montgomery, New York" in,_New_York accessed 21 Nov 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Montgomery County, New York. Page 488-493 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 490-492.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 490. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook, 489-92.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Montgomery County, New York," in "Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_York, accessed 10 Feburary 2020
  6. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  7. Handybook, 847-61.
  8. "1st New York Regiment," Valley Forge Legacy,, accessed 31 May 2012.
  9. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  10. Capital District Genealogical Society (Internet site) at (accessed 31 October 2011).
  11. Central New York Genealogical Society at .
  12. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488-493. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.