Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Monroe County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Woodsfield
Organized: March 1, 1815[1]
Parent County(s): Belmont, Guernsey, Washington[2]
Neighboring Counties
Belmont  • Noble  • Washington  • Pleasants (WV)  • Tyler (WV)  • Wetzel (WV)  • Marshall (WV)
See County Maps
Monroe County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH monroe.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for James Monroe. It is located in the South-East area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Monroe County Courthouse
101 N Main St
Woodsfield, OH 43793-1097
Phone: 740-472-0761
Monroe County Website

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from early 1800’s
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
Count Recorder has land records[4]

Monroe County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1866 1867 1818 1836 1840 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1840, 1867 Courthouse fires may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Monroe County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 4,645
1830 8,768 88.8%
1840 18,521 111.2%
1850 28,351 53.1%
1860 25,741 −9.2%
1870 25,779 0.1%
1880 26,496 2.8%
1890 25,175 −5.0%
1900 27,031 7.4%
1910 24,244 −10.3%
1920 20,660 −14.8%
1930 18,426 −10.8%
1940 18,641 1.2%
1950 15,362 −17.6%
1960 15,268 −0.6%
1970 15,739 3.1%
1980 17,382 10.4%
1990 15,497 −10.8%
2000 15,180 −2.0%
2010 14,642 −3.5%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

  • Combined History of Monroe County, Ohio, from H.H. Hardesty and Caldwell's Atlas of Monroe County, (Chicago, Illinois: H. H. Hardesty, 1882) and (Mount Vernon, Ohio: Atlas Publishing Co., 1898). Online at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Howe, Henry, Monroe County, Ohio: Chapter 2 from Historical Collections of Ohio, (Woodsfield, Ohio: Monroe County Historical Society, 1983). Online at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Monroe County Historical Society, History of the Early Communities of Monroe County, Ohio, (Monroe County Historical Society, Ohio). FHL book 977.196 H2mch v. 1-8
  • Maienknecht, Theresa A., and Stanley B., Monroe County, Ohio: A History, (Mt. Vernon, Indiana: Windmill Publications, 1989). FHL book 977.196 H2ma

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Belmont CountyNoble CountyWashington CountyTyler CountyWetzel CountyMarshall CountyOH MONROE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe County.

- 116th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, C, D, E, and F

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Monroe County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Monroe County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Monroe County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Monroe County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Monroe County District Library
96 Home Ave
Woodsfield, OH 43793

Museums[edit | edit source]

Parry Museum
One Room Schoolhouse
Dairy Barn
217 Eastern Avenue
Room 101
N. Main St. R34
Woodsfield, Ohio 43793

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Monroe County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Monroe County Chapter, OGS
PO Box 641
Woodsfield, OH 43793

Monroe County Historical Society
118 Home Ave
Woodsfield, OH 43793

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 3 January 2019.