Monroe County, Mississippi Genealogy

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Guide to Monroe County, Mississippi ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Aberdeen
Organized: 9 February 1821
Parent County(s): Chickasaw Cession[1]
Neighboring Counties
Chickasaw  • Clay  • Itawamba  • Lamar (AL)  • Lee  • Lowndes  • Marion (AL)
See County Maps
Location Map
Map of Mississippi highlighting Monroe County.svg.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

This county was named for James Monroe. Monroe County is located in the northeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Monroe County Courthouse
301 S. Chestnut Street
Aberdeen, MS 39730
Phone: 662-369-8143
Monroe County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage and court records.
Clerk Chancery Court has divorce records, probate and land records from 1821.[3]

Monroe County, Mississippi Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1 Nov 1912 1836 1 Nov 1912 1839 1821 1821 1810
*Statewide registration started in Nov 1912 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1921.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1821 Monroe County was created 9 February 1821 from the Chickasaw Cession.
  • County seat: Aberdeen[5]

For animated maps illustrating Mississippi county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Mississippi County Boundary Maps" (1785-1918) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Monroe County, Mississippi online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Mississippi Cemeteries for more information


  • Evans, William Augustus. Monroe County, Mississippi Cemetery Records. Columbus, Miss.: Lowndes County Department of Archives and History, 1980. [This volume was originally compiled in the 1930s. The unpublished manuscript is located at Evans Memorial Library in Aberdeen, Miss. African-American cemeteries were not surveyed.]
  • Cantrell, Ann. Cemetery Inscriptions of North Lamar County, Alabama. Cullman, Ala.: Gregath Pub. Co., 19936-96. 2 vols. - Although the primary focus of this volume is neighboring Lamar County, Alabama, several Monroe County cemeteries are included.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 2,721
1830 3,861 41.9%
1840 9,250 139.6%
1850 21,172 128.9%
1860 21,283 0.5%
1870 22,631 6.3%
1880 28,553 26.2%
1890 30,730 7.6%
1900 31,216 1.6%
1910 35,178 12.7%
1920 32,613 −7.3%
1930 36,141 10.8%
1940 37,648 4.2%
1950 36,543 −2.9%
1960 33,953 −7.1%
1970 34,043 0.3%
1980 36,404 6.9%
1990 36,582 0.5%
2000 38,014 3.9%
2010 36,989 −2.7%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Monroe County census records online, see: Mississippi Census. Federal Census

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Kennedy, Jerry D. Christian Churches in Amory, Mississippi, 1840-1992. Amory, Miss.: The author, 1992.

Church Records of the New Hope Primitive Baptist Church, Monroe County, Mississippi, 1819-September 1955. Available on microfilm at Mississippi State University. BX6480.N496 C58

Evans, William Augustus. A History of First Baptist Church, Aberdeen, Miss., 1837 to 1945, Inclusive. Aberdeen, Miss.: First Baptist Church, 1945.

Hathcock, Fairybelle Tubb. "New Hope Primitive Baptist Church," Journal of Monroe County History, vol. 2 (1975-76): 38-46.

Minutes Of the Sixteenth Anniversary Of the Primitive Baptist Buttahacha Association (orig. spelling). Online at Primitive Baptist Online.

Sulphur Springs Primitive Baptist Church, Monroe County, Mississippi. Minutes, May 1859-Dec. 6, 1955. Available on microfilm at Mississippi State University. BX6480.S85 M56 1969

St. John's Episcopal Church, Aberdeen

  • 1850-1885 - St. John's Episcopal Church, Aberdeen, Baptism Index 1850-1885. Batch C714251 at FamilySearch[7]
  • 1851-1895 - St. John's Episcopal Church, Aberdeen, Marriage Index 1851-1895. Batch M714251 at FamilySearch

Church Records of the Prairie Methodist Charge. Aberdeen, Monroe County, Mississippi. 2 microfilm reels, negative. (Prairie, Strong, Hamilton, Friendship). Records borrowed by Mrs. A.C. Honnoll, Caledonia, Miss., February 1957. Available on microfilm at Mississippi State University. BX8481.P73 C58

Lann, Felix, comp. Methodism in Aberdeen: A Scrapbook of Historical Sketches from 1836 to 1957. Ed. by Carolyn Evans Sauter for the Sesqui-Centennial Homecoming, First United Methodist Church, Aberdeen, Mississippi, April 6, 1986. Aberdeen, Miss.: First United Methodist Church, 1986.

Vallarian, Rebecca. God Is So Good!: A History of the Methodist Church in Smithville, Mississippi. Smithville, Miss.: Smithville United Methodist Church, 2004.

Whitaker, W. Kirby. Greenbrier United Methodist Church, Becker, Mississippi, 1850-1975. Amory, Miss.: The author, 1975.

Wright, Brynda Martin, comp. We Are One in the Spirit. Amory, Miss.: First United Methodist Church, 1991. - Cover subtitle: A History of First United Methodist Church, Amory, Mississippi.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Monroe County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories. Aberdeen, MS: TomBigbee Country, 2002. Centennial Committee on the History of Nettleton, 1888-1988: 100 Years. Nettleton, Miss.: The committee, 1988.

Coleman, Brent. The Gulf Ordnance Plant at Prairie (MS), 1942-1945, The Gulf Ordnance Story: A Special edition of TomBigbee Country Magazine.

Crawford, Sam Wilburn. Something Good About the Thirties. s.l.: s.n., 1983. - This book is about the city of Aberdeen.

Elliott, Jack D., II and Wells, Mary Ann. Cotton Gin Port: A Frontier Settlement on the Upper Tombigbee. Jackson, Miss.: Quail Ridge Press for the Mississippi Historical Society, 2003.

Evans, William Augustus. Mother Monroe: A Series of Historical Sketches of Monroe County; Pioneer Times in Monroe County: From a Series of Letters Published in the Aberdeen Weekly 1877 and 1878; Who's Who in Monroe County Cemeteries. Hamilton, Miss.: Mother Monroe Pub. Co., 1979. - The Mother Monroe section of the book was originally published as a series of articles in the Aberdeen Examiner between 1936 and 1939.

Howell, George W. It Happened at the City Hall in Aberdeen: Political Activity During the Reconstruction Years, December 5th, 1865 to May 5th, 1876. Aberdeen, Miss.: G. W. Howell, 1961.

Lancaster, Jane Fairchild. Hamilton: Take Your Place in History as the First County Seat of Monroe. Amory, Miss.: Amory Advertiser, 1975.

Leftwich, George J. Cotton Gin Port and Gaines' Trace. s.l.: s.n., 19--? - This is a reprint of pages 263-70 of vol. 7 (1903) Publications of Mississippi Historical Society.

Monroe County Book Committee. A History of Monroe County, Mississippi. Dallas, Tex.: Curtis Media, 1988.

Monroe County, Mississippi: A Pictorial History. Limited ed. Humboldt, Tenn.: Rose Pub. Co., 1999.

Morgan, Ruth Basinger. A Place Called Darracott. Family charts by Nell Basinger Flicker; maps by Julia Lepicier; cover by Cecil Thompson. Aberdeen, Miss.: Allmond Ptg. Co., 1978.

Parish, Ray. The Tubb Family of Monroe County, Mississippi and Their Kin. Pascagoula, Miss.: The author, 1987. - Although this is primarily a family history, it contains a lot of information about the formation of Tubbs Crossroads which later became Hatley, Miss.

Peacock, Lucille. Historical Sketches of Aberdeen, Mississippi. Aberdeen, Miss.: The author, 1961.

Pierce, Jessie. History of Smithville and Surrounding Territory. Amory, Miss.: The author, 1958.

Puckett, E.F. "Reconstruction in Monroe County," in Reconstruction in Northern Counties of Mississippi. Oxford, Miss.: University of Mississippi, Department of History, 1907-1911. - The essay on Monroe County is dated 1909. This is a nine volume compilation.

Rodabough, John E. A History of the Negroes of Aberdeen and Monroe County, Mississippi, 1790-1916. Thesis (M.A.). Mississippi State University, 1964.

Rollins, Bertie Shaw. A Brief History of Aberdeen and Monroe County, Mississippi, 1821-1900. Aberdeen, Miss.: s.n., 1957.

Stone, James Herbert. Cotton Gin Port, Mississippi: The History of a Tombigbee River Town. University, Miss.: University of Mississippi, 1969.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Lee CountyItawamba CountyChickasaw CountyLowndes CountyClay CountyMarion CountyLamar CountyMS MONROE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Monroe County, Mississippi (Deluxe Edition) with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Publishing, 2007. Available online at Google Books ($).

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Mexican-American War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe County:

- 2nd Regiment, Mississippi State Cavalry
Company C - Martin’s Company
Company F - Johnson’s Company
Company H - J.V. Harris Guards
- 2nd Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company I - Lula White Rebels
- 2nd Battalion, Mississippi State Cavalry (Harris's)
Company C - Moore’s Company
- 5th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company A - Red Rovers
- 6th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company C - Pardue’s Company
- 9th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company F - Mann’s Company
- Perrin's Battalion, Mississippi State Cavalry
Company F - Montgomery’s Company
- 11th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company K - Martin’s Company
- 11th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company I - Van Dorn Reserve

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

North Mississippi Advocate. Aberdeen, Miss.: E.H. Vance. - began with July 14, 1838 issue; short-lived.

Southern Tribune, and Aberdeen Commercial. Pontotoc, Miss.: C.A. Bradford & W.W. Leland, 1842-? - [This was published in Aberdeen between Jan. 30 and July 24, 1845.]

Mississippi Advertiser. Aberdeen, Miss.: W.E. Smith. - vol. 1, no. 1 was dated Mar. 5, 1842. A new series began with vol. 1, no. 1 on May 4, 1844. It ceased publication in 1848.

The Weekly Independent. Aberdeen, Miss.: A. Marschalk. - Available issues begin with vol. 3, no. 42 (Jan. 8, 1848 and run through December 1853.

Monroe Democrat. Aberdeen, Miss.: W.D. Chapman & Co. - Available issues begin with vol. 4, no. 48 (April 19, 1848) and run through vol. 9, no. 31 (Dec. 22, 1852).

Sunny South. Aberdeen, Miss.: M.C. Gallaway & Franc M. Paul. - Vol. 1, no. 1 was dated Jan. 10, 1856. It ran through 1863.

Tri-Weekly Examiner. Aberdeen, Miss.: S.A. Jones, 1866.

The Aberdeen Examiner. - Began publication April 28, 1866 and ran until it merged with The Amory Advertiser to form Monroe Journal in 2008.

The Aberdeen Weekly. Aberdeen, Miss.: T.T. Deavenport. - It began in 1878 and ran through vol. 57, no. 36 (Sept. 7, 1933). It was published as the Weekly Ledger from May 6 to June 24, 1897.

Aberdeen News-Herald. Aberdeen, Miss.: Virginia M. King. - It began in 1964 and ran through vol. 15, no. 15 (July 20, 1978).

Amory Advertiser. Amory, Miss.: Monroe Pub. Co. - It is unknown what date this newspaper began publication but it ran until it merged with the Amory News to form the Amory News-Advertiser in 1940.

Amory News-Advertiser. Amory, Miss.: Theron D. Harden. - It ran from vol. 23, no. 8 (May 2, 1940) until it shortened its name back to Amory Advertiser in 1973.

Amory Advertiser. Amory, Miss. - This was formed by the shortening of the name of Amory News-Advertiser and ran until it merged with the Aberdeen Examiner to form Monroe Journal in 2008.

Monroe Journal. Tupelo, Miss.: Journal Publishing. - Formed by the merger of the Aberdeen Examiner and Amory Advertiser in 2008. It maintains offices in both towns, but is published in Tupelo.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

State Archives


Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Monroe County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Monroe County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.

  • 1816Territorial tax rolls 1816 - Monroe County Collection at FamilySearch - images only
  • 1816-1892 Territorial and County Tax Rolls at FamilySearch index and images - incomplete
  • 1822-1892 County tax rolls 1822-1892 - Monroe County Collection at FamilySearch - images only
  • 1848 Nickles, Lillian Plant. 1848 Tax Assessment Roll: Aberdeen, Athens, Camargo, Cotton Gin Port, and Monroe County, Mississippi. Aberdeen, Miss.: The author, 1960.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.

See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Monroe County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Mississippi Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Monroe County. For state-wide library facilities, see Mississippi Archives and Libraries.

  • Evans Memorial Library
    105 N. Long Street
    Aberdeen, MS 39730
    Excellent local genealogy collection

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Monroe County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Mississippi Societies.

Monroe County Historical Society
30062 Sandhill Rd
Aberdeen, MS 39730

Aberdeen Genealogical Society
General Delivery
Aberdeen, MS 39730

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Mississippi."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Mississippi . Page 378-384 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 379-381.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Mississippi, Last accessed 30 September 2019.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at