Monmouth County, New Jersey Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Monmouth County, New Jersey ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Freehold
Organized: 1675
Parent County(s): Colonial lands
Neighboring Counties
Burlington  • Mercer  • Middlesex  • Ocean  • Queens (NY)  • Richmond (NY)
See County Maps
New Jersey, Monmouth County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Adopt-a-wiki page
NJGenWeb.gif This page adopted by:
NJGenWeb and its coordinators
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County is located in the central region of the state. It was created in 1675. Freehold is the county seat. The county was named for the historic county of Monmouthshire in Wales .[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County Courthouse
Market Yard, 33 Mechanic Street
Freehold, NJ 07728
Phone: 732-431-7324
Monmouth County Website

County Clerk has marriage records 1795-1892 and land records from 1667. County Surrogate has probate records. [2]

Monmouth County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1901 1795 1901 1785 1667 1785 1830
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1 May 1848. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

1710: boundary changed

1822: water boundary established

1844: part from Middlesex County

1850: Ocean County created from Monmouth and boundary clarified in 1851. [6]

1866: water boundary further clarified

1906: coastal boundary established

1928: part of Howell twp. to Ocean County

1939: part of Middlesex gained.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

  1. Monmouth County Historical Association Library, Carol Fisher Megill and Beverly Seward Yackel [7]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

See also: Genealogy, History

  1. Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of the Third congressional district of New Jersey: comprising Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset counties, together with historical sketch of each county, 1896, Samuel T. Wiley [8] [9]
  2. Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of the Third congressional district of New Jersey: comprising Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset counties, together with historical sketch of each county, 1896, Samuel T. Wiley (FamilySearch Catalog Fiche 6046405)
  3. Book of the dead of Monmouth, (1915-1917) FamilySearch Digital Library, (FamilySearch Catalog Info)
  4. Early courts and lawyers of Monmouth County beginning at its first settlement, and down to the last half century, 1911 (FamilySearch Catalog Film 1697650 Item 3)
  5. History of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1885 (FamilySearch Catalog Fiche 6046349) (FamilySearch Catalog Book 974.946 H2e 1974)
  6. History of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1664-1920 (FamilySearch Catalog Book 974.946 H2h V.1-2)

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Monmouth County, New Jersey online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing census records online, see: New Jersey Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 16,918
1800 19,872 17.5%
1810 22,150 11.5%
1820 25,038 13.0%
1830 29,233 16.8%
1840 32,909 12.6%
1850 30,313 −7.9%
1860 39,346 29.8%
1870 46,195 17.4%
1880 55,538 20.2%
1890 69,128 24.5%
1900 82,057 18.7%
1910 94,734 15.4%
1920 104,925 10.8%
1930 147,209 40.3%
1940 161,238 9.5%
1950 225,327 39.7%
1960 334,401 48.4%
1970 461,849 38.1%
1980 503,173 8.9%
1990 553,124 9.9%
2000 615,301 11.2%
2010 630,380 2.5%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.

Existing churches in Monmouth County, New Jersey

Contains the church records of:
  • Long Branch: Simpson Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups
African Americans
Black Birth Book of Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1804-1848. Office of the Monmouth County Clerk. FHL Book 974.946 V28m
McKay, Lenora Walker. The Blacks of Monmouth County a Bicentennial tribute - [S.I]: Monmouth County Business and Professional Women's Council, 1978-F142.M7 M28

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a specific location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Your relatives may be included in biographies, in church, school and government history, or in military events and lists. For more information, see New Jersey History and scroll to Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Ocean CountyBurlington CountyMercer CountyMiddlesex CountyNJ MONMOUTH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Regiments. Civil War service men in Monmouth County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in this county:

- 48th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company H.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Red Bank Register
The Red Bank Register is a free online historical newspaper, covering Red Bank, New Jersey and surrounding areas in Monmouth County. The following is from their website explaining publication dates and the Digitization Project.

The Red Bank Register is captured on microfilm covering 1878 to 1964 as the Red Bank Register and 1964 to 1991 as the Daily Register. The Digitization Project was a collaborative effort between Middletown Township Public Library and the Red Bank Public Library. Because of the size of the collection, the digitization of all the microfilm was broken down into two phases. The first phase covers June 27, 1878, to December 26, 1923. The second phase covers January 2, 1924, to November 13, 1991, the final issue of the Red Bank Register.

The Independent: 1972-2000 Courtesy of the Matawan - Aberdeen Public Library Matawan Journal
The Matawan Journal offers online access to its back issues printed from 1869 through 1973. Provided by the Matawan Aberdeen Public Library.
The Independent
The Independent offers online access to its back issues printed from March 1972 through March 2000. Provided by the Matawan Aberdeen Public Library.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas and may have earlier records. In 1852, most of those records were transferred to the Monmouth County Probate Court. For more complete information and for online and other resources, see New Jersey Probate Records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County Historical Commission
Hall of Records, Rm 201
Freehold, NJ 07728
Telephone: 732-431-7413
Fax: 732-409-4820

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Monmouth County Historical Association
70 Court St.
Freehold, NJ 07728
Telephone: 732-462-1466
Howell Historical Society
427 Lakewood-Farmingdale Road
Telephone: 732-938-2212
Keyport Historical Society
Broad Street
Keyport, NJ 07735
Telephone: 732-739-6390
Matawan Historical Society
94 Main St
Matawan, NJ 07747
Telephone: 732-566-5605
Middletown Township Historical Society
900 Leonardville Rd
Leonardo, NJ 07737
Telephone: 732-615-2260
Neptune Township Historical Society
25 Neptune Blvd.
Neptune NJ
Old Wall Historical Society
1701 New Bedford Rd
Belmar, NJ 07719
Telephone: 732-974-1430
Spring Lake Historical Society
5th and Warren Avenue
Spring Lake 07762
Telephone: 732-449-0772

Shrewsbury Historical Society
419 Sycamore Ave.
Spring Lake Historical Society
5th and Warren Avenue
Spring Lake 07762
Telephone: 732-449-0772

Squan Village Historical Society
105 South Street
Manasquan, NJ 08736
Telephone: 732-223-6770

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Monmouth County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_Jersey accessed 23 September 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monmouth County, New Jersey page 464, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monmouth County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002).At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Monmouth County, New Jersey," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_New_Jersey#Communities accessed 15 March 2020.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  7. "FamilySearch Catalog Book 974.946 D2me v. 1-2" (Freehold, New Jersey : Monmouth County Historical Association, c1990-2004).
  8. "FamilySearch Catalog Film 1425604 Item 1" (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the GSU, 1985).
  9. Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of the Third congressional district of New Jersey, comprising Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset counties, together with an historical sketch of each county (Philadelphia: Biographical Pub. Co., 1896), [FamilySearch Catalog Film 1425604 Item 1 and Fiche 6046405 ].