Michigan Military Records

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Fort Mackinac is a former American military outpost garrisoned from the late 18th century to the late 19th century near Michilimackinac, Michigan, on Mackinac Island.

Many military records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. United States Military Records provides more information on federal military records and search strategies. The following sources for Michigan are also helpful:

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

General Information[edit | edit source]

  • Michigan’s Early Military Forces: A Roster And History Of Troops Activated Prior To The American Civil War, by Leroy Barnett, 2003.
  • Military Genealogical Sources, by John W. Heisey.
  • Searching American Military Records, by Fran Carter.
  • Some of the Military Records of America, Before 1900; Their Use & Value in Genealogical & Historical Research, by E. Kay Kirkham.
  • Michigan in war
  • Military History

Forts[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War (1775 to 1783)[edit | edit source]

General informtion:

  • Locating Your Revolutionary War Ancestor: A Guide To The Military Records, by James C. Neogles, 1983.
  • Revolutionary War Genealogy, by George K. Schweitzer.
  • Genealogical Abstracts Of Revolutionary War Pension Files, 3 Vls., by Virgil D. White, 1992.

Thousands of veterans settled in Michigan. Genealogical and biographical data is in published militia rolls, pension papers, and gravestone records. An example is:

The 1813 Pension List:

The 1818 Pensioners of the United States:

The 1835 Pension Roll

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll for the Territory of Michigan, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties, is available online:

War of 1812 (1812-1815)[edit | edit source]

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, Michigan in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for Michigan Territory.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

General information[edit | edit source]

See also:

War Of 1812 Genealogy By George K. Schweitzer.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War (7 Years War)

A few records for the Black Hawk War (1832), Toledo War (1835), and Patriot War (1838–39) are at the Michigan State Archives.

Winnebago War (1827)

Black Hawk War (1832)

  • Wisconsin soldiers who served in the Black Hawk War (Wisconsin Historical Society) - Transcription of Wisconsin Muster Rolls from the Black Hawk War. Lists soldiers in the 18 companies of "Iowa" militia (i.e., Iowa Co, Michigan Territory), plus Menominee and Potawatomie warriors and one militia company raised at Green Bay.

Toledo War (1835) and Patriot War (1838-1839)[edit | edit source]

A few records for the Black Hawk War (1832), Toledo War (1835), and Patriot War (1838–39) are at the Michigan State Archives.

United States. Adjutant General's Office. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served from the State of Michigan for the Patriot War, 1838–1839 (Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1965.) FHL film 882795

The Patriot War Along the Michigan-Canadian Border: Raiders and Rebels, by Shaun J. McLaughlin.

Mexican War (1846-1848)[edit | edit source]

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.
  • Michigan. Adjutant General's Office. Michigan Volunteers Descriptive Roll, First Regiment, 1847–1848 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972.) FHL film 915345 A descriptive muster roll of Mexican War volunteers.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861 to 1865)[edit | edit source]

Civil War Monument in Detroit, Michigan, 1888

See Michigan in the Civil War for information about Michigan Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Michigan regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

General information[edit | edit source]

  • Civil War Genealogy, by George K. Schweitzer.
  • Tracing Your Civil War Ancestor, by Bertram H. Groene.
  • Report

Michigan material[edit | edit source]

  • Records of Service of Michigan Volunteers (1861 1865), 45 Vols. by Adjutant General.

Of which there is the

For Michigan Native Americans in the Civil War see:[edit | edit source]

Spanish-American War (1898)[edit | edit source]

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.


Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)[edit | edit source]

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

  • United States. Selective Service System. Michigan, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987–1988. FHL film 1675112 (first of 217 film) Also available at:

See WWI Draft Records for more information.

  • World War I Card Index for Michigan. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1976. (Family History Library films 1001930–66.) Often has places of residence and parents' names. Appears to be drafted persons only.

Archives of Michigan

  • Census of World War I Veterans, 1918-1921, 375 vols, RG 78-92
  • Victory Medal Applications, 1920 - 1924, 17 boxes, RG 85-78
  • World War I Bonus Files, 1921-1932,173 boxes, RG 84-107

Photos  [edit | edit source]

Soldiers Great War

World War II (1941-1945)[edit | edit source]

Draft Registration

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

Enlistment Records

Prisoners of War


World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)[edit | edit source]

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)[edit | edit source]

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Additional Records[edit | edit source]

Many more useful sources are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:


Michigan Militia-National Guard[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

Online Military information from Michigan is located at:

see also: The French-Canadian Heritage Society of Michigan