Mexico Land and Property

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Land records are primarily used to learn where an individual lived and when he or she lived there. They often reveal other information, such as the name of a spouse, heir, other relatives, or neighbors. You may learn where a person lived previously, his or her occupation, and other clues for further research. The national and state archives of Mexico, such as the one in Guadalajara, house records that were created in their historical jurisdiction. In the Guadalajara archives you will also find land records dealing with the southwest part of the United States. The Archivo General de la Nacion in Mexico City has large collections of these records.

Different type of land records include:

  • Capellanías (Land Grants). Documents that deal with land being transferred by individuals and families to the Catholic Church. The documents include wills, court records, land titles, contracts, and family information.
  • Vínculos y Mayorazgos (Entailed Estates). Records concerning hereditary properties that can include land titles and family information that could have genealogies for three to seven generations. Biographical information arising from property disputes, boundary adjustments, and rights to use Indian labor.
  • Concesiones y Títulos de Propiedad (Consessions and Land Titles). Any documentation relating to land titles, possession, contracts, bills of sale, buildings, or improvements, as well as information about individuals and families who have owned or occupied the land.
  • Tierras y Aguas (Land and Water). Land grants and water rights, correspondence, transfer of title, and other documents related to the transactions.

The Family History Library has some land records from Mexico. Some of the major land records the library has are:

Ramo de Tierras, 1523–1822 (Land Records, 1523–1822). México, D.F.: Archivo General de la Nación, 1989–1992. (On 1999 FHL films beginning with 1563720, and on 66 FHL films beginning with 1857028.) Indexed.

Vínculos, 1700–1800 (Entails, 1700–1800). Ciudad de México: Archivo General de la Nación, 1953. (On 184 films beginning with 0034613.)

Original Spanish and Mexican land titles in Texas from 1720 to 1836 can be found at the Texas General Land Office, whose address is:

Texas General Land Office
1700 North Congress Avenue
Austin, TX 78701
Telephone: 512-463-5001

Other land records are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog under:



To access these records and look for a specific place, go to the Library Catalog and then type in the name of the place you are searching for.  A list will come up and you can choose the one you want.  Click on Search.  A list of the records for that place will come up and you can choose to see the ones that might be of help to you.