Meigs County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Meigs County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Pomeroy
Organized: 1 April, 1819[1]
Parent County(s): Athens, Gallia[2]
Neighboring Counties
Athens  • Vinton  • Gallia  • Mason (WV)  • Jackson (WV)  • Wood (WV)
See County Maps
Meigs County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH meigs.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Return J. Meigs, Jr., the 4th Governor of Ohio. It is located in the South-Central area of the state.[3] The County Seat for Meigs County, Ohio has moved two times over the years. The county seat was originally at the village of Middleport. In 1823, the county seat was changed to Chester. In 1841, the county seat was moved to Pomeroy where it is today. The records were retained at the county seat despite the moves and can be found there today.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Meigs County Courthouse
100 East 2nd Street
Room 304
Pomeroy, OH 45769
Phone: +740-992-2895
Meigs County Website

Probate Judge has birth, marriage, death and probate records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1819;
County Recorder has land records.[4]

Meigs County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1819 1867 1819 1819 1820 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Meigs County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 4,480
1830 6,158 37.5%
1840 11,452 86.0%
1850 17,971 56.9%
1860 26,534 47.6%
1870 31,465 18.6%
1880 32,325 2.7%
1890 29,813 −7.8%
1900 28,620 −4.0%
1910 25,594 −10.6%
1920 26,189 2.3%
1930 23,961 −8.5%
1940 24,104 0.6%
1950 23,227 −3.6%
1960 22,159 −4.6%
1970 19,799 −10.7%
1980 23,641 19.4%
1990 22,987 −2.8%
2000 23,072 0.4%
2010 23,770 3.0%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Online Books and Resources

  • Larkin, Stillman Carter, The Pioneer History of Meigs County, (Columbus, Ohio: Berlin Print. Co., 1908). Online at Google Books, Internet Archive, FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Howe, Henry, Historical collections of Ohio in two volumes: an Encyclopedia of the state, history both general and local, geography with descriptions of its counties, cities and villages, its agricultural, manufacturing, mining and business development, sketches of eminent and interesting characters, with notes of a tour over it in 1886. Vol 2 Vol 2 is for the counties Lake to Wyandot. (Norwalk, Ohio: The Laning Printing Co., 1896). Volume 2 online at FamilySearch Digital Library; Vol 1 is for the counties Adams to Knox. Volume 2 online at FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Ervin, Edgar, Pioneer History of Meigs County, Ohio to 1949, (Meigs County Pioneer Society, 1949). Online at FamilySearch Digital Library, Hathitrust.

Other Resources

  • Howe, Henry, History of Meigs County, Ohio, 1819-1889, (Knightstown, Indiana: Bookmark, 1977). FHL book 977.1 A1

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Vinton CountyAthens CountyGallia CountyMason CountyJackson CountyWood CountyOH MEIGS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Meigs County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Meigs County.

- 116th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B and G

The following Civil War battle was fought in Meigs County.

- July 19, 1863 Buffington Island, also known as St. Georges Creek[9]

Map showing Civil War battles in Ohio.

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Meigs County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Meigs County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Meigs County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Meigs County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Meigs County District Public Library
Main Branch
216 W Main St
Pomeroy, OH 45769-1032

Museums[edit | edit source]

Meigs County Museum
144 Butternut Ave
Pomeroy, OH 45769

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Meigs County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Meigs County Historical Society
399 S 3rd Ave
Middleport, OH 45760
PO Box 145
Pomeroy, OH 45769

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Meigs County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Meigs County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 2 January 2019.
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 9 August, 2012)