Massachusetts Census

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts entered the Union on February 6, 1788, as the sixth state. It will appear on the 1790 Census.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900
1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
NARA Index
FamilySearch Images
Release Date
April 1, 2032

Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1890 Veterans FamilySearch ($)

1880 Defective ($)
1880 Mortality ($)
1880 Manufacturing ($)
1880 Agriculture ($)
1870 Social Statistics FamilySearch ($)

1870 Mortality FamilySearch ($)

1870 Manufacturing ($)
1870 Agriculture ($)
1860 Social Statistics ($)
1860 Mortality FamilySearch ($)

1860 Manufacturing ($)
1860 Agriculture ($)
1850 Social Statistics ($)
1850 Mortality FamilySearch ($)

1850 Manufacturing ($)
1850 Agriculture ($)
1840 Pensioners ($)

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Although Massachusetts conducted a census up to 1975, the 1855 and 1865 censuses are the only two surviving schedules.[1]

Year Type of Census Links
1865 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at ($)

1855 State, all household members at FamilySearch, index/images

at ($)

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Sources and footnotes[edit | edit source]