Martin County, Minnesota Genealogy

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Guide to Martin County, Minnesota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Fairmont
Organized: May 23, 1857[1]
Parent County(s): Brown, Faribault [2]
Neighboring Counties
Blue Earth  • Cottonwood  • Emmet (IA)  • Faribault  • Jackson  • Kossuth (IA)  • Watonwan
See County Maps
Minnesota, Martin County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Minnesota Martin County Map.svg.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Henry Martin, a pioneer settler. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Martin County Courthouse
201 Lake Ave
Fairmont, MN 56031-1845
Phone: 507-238-3205
Martin County Website

County Recorder has birth records from 1874, marriage records from 1864, death records from 1879 and land records.
Court Administrator has divorce, probate, and court records. [4]

Martin County, Minnesota Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1874 1864 1879 1861 1857 1864 1836
*Statewide registration started for births in 1900 and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Martin County, Minnesota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Minnesota Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For links to Federal, State, and Territorial censuses, see Minnesota Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 151
1870 3,867 2460.9%
1880 5,249 35.7%
1890 9,408 79.2%
1900 16,936 80.0%
1910 17,518 3.4%
1920 21,085 20.4%
1930 22,401 6.2%
1940 24,656 10.1%
1950 25,655 4.1%
1960 26,986 5.2%
1970 24,316 −9.9%
1980 24,687 1.5%
1990 22,914 −7.2%
2000 21,802 −4.9%
2010 20,840 −4.4%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information, see Minnesota Church Records.


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The county register of deeds keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Martin County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Minnesota Local Histories.

  • Budd, William H.; Carlson, Walter; History of Martin County, Minnesota before 1880' (Tuscon, AZ: A Plus Printing Company) Online at FamilySearch Digital Library, Internet Archive.
  • Martin County Historical Society; Minutes of the Century, 1856-1956; Manyaska, Jay, Lake Belt, Lake Frmont, Sherburn (Martin County Historical Society, 1956) Online at FamilySearch Digital Library.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Cottonwood CountyWatonwan CountyBlue Earth CountyJackson CountyFaribault CountyEmmet CountyKossuth CountyIowaMN MARTIN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records may include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Minnesota Probate Records for additional information.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Since Minnesota tax records include only persons who owned taxable property, many residents were not included. Still they complement land records and can be used in place of missing censuses or the years between censuses. There may also be gaps. For more information, see the wiki page Minnesota Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Minnesota Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Martin County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Martin County. For state-wide library facilities, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Granada Minnesota Historical Museum
(Online museum)

Truman Historical Museum
109 W Ciro Street
Truman, MN 56088
Truman, MN 56088
Phone: 507-776-7889

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Martin County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Minnesota Societies.

Martin County Historical Society
304 E Blue Earth Ave
Fairmont, MN 56031
Phone: 507-235-5178

Sherburn Area Historical Society
333 Fox Lake Ave Apt 6
Sherburn, MN 56171-9651
Phone: 507-764-2766

Truman Historical Association
P.O. Box 56
Truman, MN 56088

Southern Minnesota Historical Center
Mankato State University
Mankato, MN 56001

Trimont Area Historical Society
111 Ash St W
Trimont, MN 56176
Phone: 507-236-2007

Welcome Historical Society
109 Hulseman
Welcome, MN 56181
Phone: 507-236-2034

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 2/6/2021.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Martin County, Minnesota" in,_Minnesota accessed 13 Nov 2018
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Martin County, Minnesota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 10 February 2020.