Martin County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Martin County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Shoals
Organized: January 17, 1820
Parent County(s): Dubois, Daviess
Neighboring Counties
Greene  • Lawrence  • Orange  • Dubois  • Daviess
See County Maps
Indiana, Martin County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Martin County Locator Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Martin County was named for Maj. John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky.[1] It is located in the south-central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Martin County Courthouse
111 South Main Street
Shoals, IN 47581
Phone: 812-247-3651
County Website

Martin County Health Department
127 Water St.
Shoals, IN, 47581
Health Officer: Larry Sutton, DO
Phone Number: 812-849-4447
Fax: 812-849-6785
Health Department

County Health Department has birth and death records. County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1820, divorce and court records from 1842. County Recorder has land records. [3]
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Martin County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1820 1882 1842 1820 1820 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

April 1876 The Martin County courthouse was destroyed by fire. All records of genealogical interest were saved.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Martin County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Martin County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 1,032
1830 2,010 94.8%
1840 3,875 92.8%
1850 5,941 53.3%
1860 8,975 51.1%
1870 11,103 23.7%
1880 13,475 21.4%
1890 13,973 3.7%
1900 14,711 5.3%
1910 12,950 −12.0%
1920 11,865 −8.4%
1930 10,103 −14.9%
1940 10,300 1.9%
1950 10,678 3.7%
1960 10,608 −0.7%
1970 10,969 3.4%
1980 11,001 0.3%
1990 10,369 −5.7%
2000 10,369 0.0%
2010 10,334 −0.3%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Martin County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Martin County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Greene CountyLawrence CountyOrange CountyDubois CountyDaviess CountyIN MARTIN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Martin County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Martin County.

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Martin County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Martin County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Martin County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Martin County Historical Society and Museum
220 Capital Street
Shoals, IN 47581
Phone: 812-247-1133

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Martin County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Martin County Historical Society and Museum
220 Capital Street
Shoals, IN 47581
Phone: 812-247-1133
Martin County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 45
Shoals, IN 47581-0045

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Martin County, Indiana Genealogy and History”, 3/29/2017.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Martin County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana 3/29/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Martin County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).