Marshall County, West Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Marshall County, West Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Moundsville
Organized: March 12, 1835
Parent County(s): Ohio[1]
Neighboring Counties
Belmont (OH)  • Greene (PA)  • Monroe (OH)  • Ohio  • Washington (PA)  • Wetzel
See County Maps
Marshall County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for John Marshall. The County is located in the northwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Marshall County Courthouse
7th Street
P O Box 459
Moundsville, WV 26041
Phone: 304-845-1220
Marshall County Website

County Clerk has birth and death from 1853, marriage and land records from 1835, probate records from 1850.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and land records.[3]

Marshall County, West Virginia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1835 1853 1835 1835 1850 1870
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1917. General compliance by 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1835--Marshall County was created 12 March 1835 from Ohio County when it was still part of Virginia. It became part of West Virginia in 1863.
  • County seat: Moundsville[5]

For animated maps illustrating West Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation West Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

A number of entries about family Bible records are found at the Marshall County WVGenWeb site

  • Criswell family Bible records
  • Several family Bible records appear in one file and include the following surnames: Blair, Shriver, Gamble, Headlee, Linkletter, Riggs, Simpson, McCracken, and Stewart.
  • Andrew Crow family Bible and photos
  • Miller-Pyles family Bible and photos
  • Travis family Bible and photo
  • Sockman family Bible

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Biographies about many people who lived in Marshall County are available at Marshall County WVGenWeb

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Marshall County, West Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See West Virginia Cemeteries for more information
  • There are three cemeteries on Fork Ridge Road, just outside of Moundsville in rural Marshall County, West Virginia: Fork Ridge Baptist, Fork Ridge Christian and Fork Ridge Universalist. Each may be referred to as Fork Ridge Cemetery.
  • A map of the cemeteries in Marshall county that appeared in Schools, Churches, and Cemeteries of Marshall County is available at the Marshall County WVGenWeb site.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Marshall census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 6,937
1850 10,138 46.1%
1860 12,997 28.2%
1870 14,941 15.0%
1880 18,840 26.1%
1890 20,735 10.1%
1900 26,444 27.5%
1910 32,388 22.5%
1920 33,681 4.0%
1930 39,831 18.3%
1940 40,189 0.9%
1950 36,893 −8.2%
1960 38,041 3.1%
1970 37,598 −1.2%
1980 41,608 10.7%
1990 37,356 −10.2%
2000 35,519 −4.9%
2010 33,107 −6.8%
Source: "".

Churches[edit | edit source]

A book about the Schools, Churches and Cemeteries of Marshall County is available online at Marshall County WVGenWeb. It includes a map of the churches in Marshall county that appeared in Schools, Churches, and Cemeteries of Marshall County is available at the Marshall County WVGenWeb site.

Short write ups related to local churches can be found at the Marshall County WVGenWeb site under the History tab. They include:

Church Records available online include:

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • McMechen

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See West Virginia Land and Property for additional information about early West Virginia land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Marshall County, West Virginia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section West Virginia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Marshall County


FamilySearch Places: Map of cities and towns in this county - How to Use FS Places


Migration[edit | edit source]

Early Settlers to the area may have followed the predecessor trails to today's National Road from Cumberland Maryland to Wheeling, West Virginia or the Warrior Trail from Greensboro, PA to Moundsville, West Virginia.

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. See Virginia, Western District, Marshall County on page 135.

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Marshall served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Marshall County: Civil War service men from Marshall County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Marshall County.


- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Cavalry
- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, H, and K.
- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Light Artillery, Batteries A, C and D Light Artillery

Records and Histories are available, including:

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The West Virginia Regional History Center at West Virginia University has microfilmed newspapers from Moundsville. These records have not been digitized.

  • Moundsville Weekly Echo: Oct 30 1891-Aug 1 1929
  • Moundsville Journal Weekly: May 12 1910-Jan 21 1915
  • Moundsville Journal: Jan 20 1910-Jul 24 1946
  • The Journal of Valley News: Jul 25 1946-Sep 30 1946
  • Moundsville Daily Echo: Mar 18 1896-Present

The Wheeling newspapers often related news from Marshall County. The Wheeling News Register and the Wheeling Intelligencer and their predecessors are available online via the Ohio County Public Library.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Editions of the Online Tri-County Researcher from 1976-1999 are available online at FamilySearch. This genealogical publication covers Marshall, Tyler and Wetzel counties. This publication is indexed at by PERSI available at Findmypast.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

West Virginia real and personal property tax records are managed by the County Assessor in each county. Land and land improvements are considered real property while mobile property is classified as personal property.

Many County Assessors offer an online searchable database, where assessment record searches can be performed by name, account number, year, or mp/parcel number. Where online records are not available, requests for records can be made to the Assessment Office in person, by phone, or in writing.

Transcribed tax records are available at the Marshall County WVGebWeb site for the following years:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Marshall County. For state-wide archival repositories, see West Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Marshall County. For state-wide library facilities, see West Virginia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Marshall County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see West Virginia Societies.

Marshall County Historical Society
301 13th Street
P.O. Box 267
Moundsville, WV 26041

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Marshall County, West Virginia" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_West_Virginia."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marshall County, West Virginia. Page 743-746 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 742-743.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Marshall County, West Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_West_Virginia, accessed 06 July 2018.