Madison County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Madison County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Marshall
Organized: January 27, 1851
Parent County(s): Buncombe and Yancey[1]
Neighboring Counties
Buncombe  • Cocke (TN)  • Greene (TN)  • Haywood  • Unicoi (TN)  • Yancey
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Madison County is located in the southwestern portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Tennessee. It was named for President James Madison.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Madison County Courthouse
PO Box 66
Marshall, NC 28753
Phone: 828-649-3131
Madison County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, burial and land records.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and court records from 1851.[3]

Madison County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1851 1913 1851 1851 1851 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1851 Madison County was created 27 January 1851 from Buncombe and Yancey Counties.
  • County seat: Marshall[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Big Laurel
  • Big Pine Creek
  • Bull Creek
  • Foster Creek
  • Grapevine
  • Hot Springs
  • Little Pine Creek
  • Meadow Fork of Spring Creek
  • Mars Hill
  • Marshall
  • Middle Fork of Ivy
  • Sandy Mush
  • Shelton Laurel
  • Spring Creek
  • Upper Laurel
  • West Fork of Ivy

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

  • Bible Records at North Carolina Digital Archives - index and image

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Madison County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 5,908
1870 8,192 38.7%
1880 12,810 56.4%
1890 17,805 39.0%
1900 20,644 15.9%
1910 20,132 −2.5%
1920 20,083 −0.2%
1930 20,306 1.1%
1940 22,522 10.9%
1950 20,522 −8.9%
1960 17,217 −16.1%
1970 16,003 −7.1%
1980 16,827 5.1%
1990 16,953 0.7%
2000 19,635 15.8%
2010 20,764 5.7%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Haywood CountyBuncombe CountyYancey CountyCocke CountyGreene CountyUnicoi CountyNC MADISON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Madison County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Madison County:

- 2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry
- 2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry, Company H
- 5th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry, Company A
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company D
- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company B

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • 1799-1893 Madison County marriages (North Carolina Digital Collections). May be included throughout Carrie Broughton's 6-volume index of the Raleigh Register & State Gazette newspaper (1799-1893). Marriages are listed by year and PDF files are searchable.
  • Madison county newspapers (Library of Congress). A listing of newspapers published in the county and libraries that hold them. If you find a paper of interest on microfilm, you may be able to request it via Interlibrary Loan with your local public library.
  • Madison County residents in the newspaper. Name listing of people from the county as located in misc. newspaper articles; time span varies. Articles indexed in the NC People in the Papers database.
  • Madison County deaths. Listing of county area deaths reported in various newspapers; dates range from late 1700s to 1900s.
  • North Carolina Newspapers at DigitalNC

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

  • Obituaries, from The Record and The French Broad News (an ongoing project by Madison County Genealogical Society).

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Madison County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Madison County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Madison County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

Buncombe County Genealogical Society
128 Bingham Road, Suite 950
PO Box 2122
Asheville, NC 28806
Telephone 828-253-1894

Madison County Genealogical Society
PO Box 155
Mars Hill, NC 28754-0155

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • [Madison County, NCGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, North Carolina. Page 510 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 21 February 2020.