Madison County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Madison County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Anderson
Organized: January 4, 1823
Parent County(s): Delaware New Purchase, Marion[1]
Neighboring Counties
Grant  • Delaware  • Henry  • Hancock  • Hamilton  • Tipton
See County Maps
Indiana, Madison County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Madison County Locator Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Madison County was named for James Madison, co-author of The Federalist Papers and the fourth President of the United States. It is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Madison County Courthouse
16 East 9th Street
Anderson, IN 46016
Phone: 765-641-9457
County Website

Madison County Health Department
206 East 9th Street
Anderson, IN, 46016
Health Officer: Stephen Wright, MD
Phone Number: 765-641-9523
Health Department

County Health Department has birth records from 1891 and death records from 1895.
County Clerk has marriage records from 1884, divorce, probate and court records from 1880.
County Auditor has land records from 1867.
County Board of Health has school records 1904-1932. [3]
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Madison County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1891 1884 1895 1880 1867 1880 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

December 1880 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged. For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]


Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Madison County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.

The following information maybe of help:

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Madison County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 2,238
1840 8,874 296.5%
1850 12,375 39.5%
1860 16,518 33.5%
1870 22,770 37.8%
1880 27,527 20.9%
1890 36,487 32.5%
1900 70,470 93.1%
1910 65,224 −7.4%
1920 69,151 6.0%
1930 82,888 19.9%
1940 88,575 6.9%
1950 103,911 17.3%
1960 125,819 21.1%
1970 138,451 10.0%
1980 139,336 0.6%
1990 130,669 −6.2%
2000 133,358 2.1%
2010 131,636 −1.3%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Madison County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Madison County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Grant CountyDelaware CountyHenry CountyHancock CountyHamilton CountyTipton CountyIN MADISON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Madison County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Madison County.

Civil War Books:

  • History of Madison County, Indiana; a narrative account of its historical progress. 1970. By J.L.R. Forkner. Evansville, Ind, Unigraphic. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Internet Archive. Military History, Chapter 17.

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Madison County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Madison County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Madison County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

North Madison County Public Library System
Elwood Public Library
1600 Main Street
Elwood, IN 46036
Phone: 765-552-5001

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Madison County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Alexandria Monroe Township Historical Society & Museum
313 N Harrison St
Alexandria, IN 46001
Phone: 765-490-0081
The museum has many artifacts and a very extensive research library (the Draper Library).

Elwood Pipecreek Genealogy Society
P.O. Box 302
Elwood, IN 46036
Serving the needs of genealogists in Elwood, Pipecreek Township and Northern Madison County, Indiana.

Madison County Historical Society
P.O. Box 696
15 W 11th St
Anderson, IN 46015-0696
Phone: 765-683-0052

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana 3/29/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Indiana, accessed 20 December 2019.