Madison County, Idaho Genealogy

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Guide to Madison County, Idaho ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Spori Building, BYU-Idaho, Rexburg, Madison County, Idaho

Quick start:

Madison County, Idaho
Map of Idaho highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Idaho, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Idaho
Location of Idaho in the U.S.
Founded February 18, 1913
County Seat Rexburg
Idaho, Madison County Courthouse.png
Address Madison County Courthouse
602 Madison
134 E. Main
Rexburg, ID 83440-0389
Phone: (208) 356-3662
Fax: (208) 356-8396

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for President James Madison, the fourth president of the United States. The County has Rexburg as its seat and the County was created February 18,1913. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[1]

Madison County, Idaho Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1911 1914 1911 1914 1914 1914 1870
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance in the 1920s.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Madison County Courthouse
134 E. Main
Rexburg, ID 83440-0389
Phone: (208) 356-3662
Fax: (208) 356-8396

County Clerk has marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1914. [3]

Quick Facts[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1913-- Madison County was created by the legislature on 18 February 1913 from Fremont County. The formal organization of the Madison County government took place on 5 January 1914. Researchers seeking information on early settlers must also search Bingham County records from 1883 to 1893 as it was the pioneer county for the entire upper Snake River valley. Fremont County was created from Bingham County in 1894 and is the successor record keeper for early Madison County residents.

Boundary Changes: [edit | edit source]

26 January 1915 -- a portion of the eastern part of Madison County was removed and became part of Teton County.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

A significant event occurred in 1976 which has an effect on historical records in this county.  The Teton Dam broke early on Saturday morning, June 5th, and flooded much of Madison County.  Among other areas affected was the basement of the county courthouse.  It was engulfed and anything stored there was soaked with flood waters.   Among other items destroyed were the probate case files and the early tract books.

The flood also destroyed church, family and Rexburg and Sugar City records.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities

The above list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

This list of places in Madison County, Idaho was compiled from the Lists of Places in Idaho in Wikipedia and from the map of Madison County in Virtual Earth.

Resources[edit | edit source]

The types of records that follow are used for genealogy and family history. Most tell what you may learn and how to locate the records. Links to Internet sites usually go directly to Madison County, Idaho Genealogy entries with names, images, or information.

Many of the older court, land, naturalization, probate, pension, and vital records for Madison County have been microfilmed and are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and through their family history centers. They are also available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise. Details of the county records in these respective institutions can be obtained from their online catalogs or listings. Original records which have been microfilmed and more recent records are in the county courthouse in Rexburg[5].

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Madison, Idaho online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Idaho Cemeteries for more information

There are many cemeteries in Madison County. For a list of those that have been identified, and links to transcriptions and/or photographs of tombstones, go to Madison County, Idaho Cemetery Records.

For the cemeteries in or immediately adjacent to the cities, please see the city pages for the cities listed above.

The Eastern Idaho Death Index also has an exhaustive listing of all of the cemeteries in Madison County.  The local chapter of the Sons of Utah Pioneers have a project to attach a digital photograph of each gravestone as time and seasons permits. Burton, Rexburg and Sugar City have many images included.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.

The 1890 federal census for Idaho was destroyed. However, the Idaho State Historical Society Public Archives and Research Library is creating a list of 1890 Idaho residents by indexing a variety of records, 1885-1894. This reconstructed list will substitute for the destroyed 1890 federal census.

For a summary of census records for the state of Idaho, see Idaho Census Records.

Church[edit | edit source]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)[edit | edit source]
Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

  • Archer
  • Bannock (early Rexburg)
  • Burton
  • Canyon Creek
  • Herbert
  • Hibbard (Island)
  • Independence
  • Lyman
  • Plano
  • Rexburg 1st
  • Rexburg 2nd
  • Rexburg 3rd
  • Rexburg 4th
  • Salem
  • Sugar City
  • Sugar City 1st
  • Sugar City 2nd
  • Thornton

List of Churches and Church Parishes

County Commissioners' Records[edit | edit source]

The minute books of the County Commissioners contain interesting tidbits of history about the county as well as the names of individuals appealing to the County Commissioners for action on issues of concern to them. Minutes of those meetings were recorded from the formation of the county, for most counties. Some counties now post the minutes of current meetings online.

Most of these records have been preserved in the county courthouses of the State of Idaho. Few have been microfilmed. Contact the county clerk for information about years covered and availability.

Online County Records

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Some of the early court records of Madison County, Idaho have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise, Idaho. The records filmed include civil suits, divorce papers, judgment dockets, etc. Copies of these microfilmed court records are also available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah or at any of the Library's Family History Centers. Additional court records and more recent records are housed at the Madison County courthouse in Rexburg, and can be accessed by making a visit there.

Some of the records of the courts of Madison County that have been microfilmed include:

Judgment Books[edit | edit source]
  • Judgments, 1912-1937; index, 1914-1964

Directories[edit | edit source]

The Idaho State Archives has a collection of city, county, state and regional directories.

History[edit | edit source]

One local history written by a Ricks College history professor can be found at this citation. Crowder, David L., Rexburg, Idaho: The first one Hundred years 1883 – 1983 (Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers ltd, 1983) The Book may be hard to find.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and Property records are generally recorded in the county courthouse of the county in which the transaction took place. For original records of Madison County, Idaho, one may visit the courthouse in Rexburg, Idaho.

Deeds and other land records of Madison County start in 1914 when it was formed. Some early deeds recorded in Fremont County (pre-1914) for land now located in Madison County were transcribed and are listed in the early volumes in Madison County.

Microfilmed copies of many of these records are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, and at its branch Family History Centers.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Jefferson CountyFremont CountyTeton CountyBonneville CountyID MADISON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

World War I draft registration cards, 1917-1918, for Madison County have been microfilmed. Copies of these records are available at the Family History Library (their microfilm number 1452219),  the Madison County GenWeb site, and are also available online at, for a subscription fee. The original cards are maintained in the Southeast Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in East Point, Georgia and have been microfilmed by the National Archives as their Microcopy M1509.

Online Records[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous Series[edit | edit source]

Often overlooked by the genealogist, this group of volumes may contain affidavits for citizenship, final disposition of estates, divorce decrees, and many other types of valuable documents. The content varies from county to county, year to year and from clerk to clerk. When the estate case files, civil or criminal files are not available or have been destroyed, you may find key documents recorded here. Most counties will have an index to this series and it is a must search if the information you are seeking is not found elsewhere.

Both the Idaho State Archives in Boise, Idaho, and the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah have copies of the miscellaneous record of Madison County. The originals are held in the Madison County courthouse in Rexburg, Idaho and can be accessed by visiting there. Copies in the Idaho State Archives are available for viewing in Boise. Those held by the Family History Library can be viewed either at the Library in Salt Lake City or at any of its Family History Centers.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Current[edit | edit source]
Historical[edit | edit source]

Copies of issues of many Idaho newspapers are in the collections of the Idaho State Archives.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Pension Records[edit | edit source]

The Original of the following record is found in the Madison County Courthouse in Rexburg.  It has been microfilmed and copies can also be found at the Idaho State Archives in Boise, Idaho or at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, or in any of the Library's Family History Centers:

Women's pensions, 1914-1934 Idaho. Probate Court (Madison County)

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Estate case files from 1914 to 1976 were destroyed in the Teton Flood. Fortunately, the Probate Register: Estates and claims (Index) did survive and can be searched at the district court office in the main courthouse building (second floor). The five volume set lists the name of the descendant, date of petition for probate and other key items involved in probation.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Any existing tax assessment rolls for Madison County should be in the courthouse in Rexburg and would need to be accessed by visiting there.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Note:Many early births and deaths for residents of eastern Idaho were not recorded in Boise, and it wasn't until the 1950's that the majority of these events are included in the Statewide collection.

Births[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Birth records, 1911 to present, for individuals born in Madison County are included in and recorded at the state level. These records are restricted for a period of one hundred years from the time of the individual's birth but can be obtained by following the guidelines as issued by the State of Idaho. See the Vital Records section under the subject Idaho for more details. .

Marriages[edit | edit source]

All of the early marriage records for Madison County have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise (PARL), the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah and the BYU-Idaho Library in Rexburg. Included are:

•Marriage Records Books, 1915-1936 •Index to Marriage Records, 1915-1986.

Online Records

Marriages from other sources.

Over 2,286 marriages from 14 Jan 1914 to 14 Feb 1950 are listed on the Western States Marriage Index.

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Deaths occurring in Madison County after 1911 are included in the state-wide registration program. These records are restricted for a period of fifty years from the time of the individual's death but can be obtained by following the guidelines as mandated by the State of Idaho. See the Vital Records section under Idaho for details.

Copies of death certificates from 1911-1954 are on microfilm and can be used at the Idaho State Archives in Boise, the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, BYU-Idaho University Library in Rexburg and several other locations.

A state-wide index to Idaho Deaths, 1911-1956 is available online. Efforts to expand this index to 1960 are underway. Another version is Idaho Death Index 1911-1956.

Deaths from other sources[edit | edit source]

A significant source of death and related information for eastern Idaho families can be found at the following website Eastern Idaho Death Index.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Many public libraries provide internet access to sites of value to the family historian. Some have special collections of historical and cultural interest, as well. The following libraries may have some resources of value, but use of some or all of them may require a visit to the library.

  • Madison District Library
    73 N Center St
    Rexburg, ID 83440
    Phone: (208) 356-3461
  • [Madison County Genealogical Society
  • Sugar Salem School/Community Library
    1 Digger Dr
    Sugar City, ID 83448
    Phone: (208) 356-0271
  • McKay Library
    Brigham Young University - Idaho
    525 South Center St.
    Rexburg, Idaho 84440-0405
    Website: BYU-Idaho Library

The Library and its Special Collections Department provide access to a large collection of original research material on Utah and Eastern Idaho settlers. It is especially comprehensive for materials relating to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). The Upper Snake River Family History Center is hosted in the Library.

  • Upper Snake River Valley Historical Society‎
    51 North Center Street, Rexburg, ID 83440-1539
    (208) 356-9101‎
  • State Historical Society
    2205 Old Penitentiary Rd
    Boise, Idaho
  • Idaho Historical Society Facebook Page Website

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Madison, Kansas Genealogy and History”, ""
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, Idaho. Page 177-180 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 180-181.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison, Idaho page 179, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Idaho," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Idaho#Communities, accessed 11 June 2019.
  5. Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series, Number 10, Counties and County Seats, Reissued July, 1991.
  6. - Idaho population by county, 1900-90 accessed 2009-05-03
  7. - Canyon County accessed 2009-05-03