Licking County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Licking County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Newark
Organized: March 1, 1808[1]
Parent County(s): Fairfield[2]
Neighboring Counties
Delaware  • Franklin  • Fairfield  • Perry  • Muskingum  • Coshocton  • Knox
See County Maps
Licking County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH licking.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named after the salt licks in the area. It is located in the Mid-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Licking County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Newark, OH 43055
Phone: 740-670-5791
Licking County Website

Probate Judge has birth, marriage and probate records;
County Health Department has death records;
Clerk Court has divorce records from 1876 and court records from 1872;
County recorder has land records[4]

Licking County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1875 1809 1875 1872 1800 1875 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1875 A courthouse fire on 2 April destroyed or damaged records. Records in the Recorder’s, Sheriff’s, Auditor's and Treasurer’s offices were saved.[6] The marriage records between 1829-1839 [7] were possibly completely lost in the fire. Some estate records also were burned in the fire. There are gaps in records for this county.[8]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [11]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Lima Township (defunct - merged in 1996 with Pataskala)

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Brister, E.M.P., Ohio Genealogical Society (Licking County Chapter), Centennial history of the City of Newark and Licking County (Chicago-Columbus: The S.J.Clarke Publishing Co., 1909) Volume 1 online at FamilySearch Digital Library; Volume 2 online at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Memorial Record of Licking County, Ohio: containing biographical sketches ... (Chicago: Record Publishing Company, 1894) online at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Smucker, Isaac and Springer, Mrs. C., Our pioneers: being biographical sketches of Capt. Elias Hughes, John Ratliff, Benjamin Green, Richard Pitzer, John Van Buskirk, Issac and John Stadden and Capt. Samuel Elliott; with brief notices of the pioneers of 1801 and 1802 (Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 1973) online at FamilySearch Digital Library

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Licking County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,852
1820 11,861 207.9%
1830 20,869 75.9%
1840 35,096 68.2%
1850 38,846 10.7%
1860 37,011 −4.7%
1870 35,756 −3.4%
1880 40,450 13.1%
1890 43,279 7.0%
1900 47,070 8.8%
1910 55,590 18.1%
1920 56,426 1.5%
1930 59,962 6.3%
1940 62,279 3.9%
1950 70,645 13.4%
1960 90,242 27.7%
1970 107,799 19.5%
1980 120,981 12.2%
1990 128,300 6.0%
2000 145,491 13.4%
2010 166,492 14.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Delaware CountyKnox CountyCoshocton CountyFranklin CountyFairfield CountyPerry CountyMuskingum CountyOH LICKING.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

  • Miller, Charles D. Report of the great re-union of the veteran soldiers and sailors of Ohio held at Newark, July 22, 1878, under "the auspices of the Society of the soldiers and sailors of Licking County, Ohio" (Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International - Books on Demand, 1972) online at FamilySearch Digital Library

Civil War service men from Licking County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Licking County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Companies D and F
- 113th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies D and F

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Licking County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Licking County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Licking County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Licking County Records and Archives Department
61 E Main St
Newark, OH 43055

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Licking County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Licking County Library
101 W Main St
Newark, OH 43055-5054

Alexandria Public Library
10 Maple Dr
PO Box 67
Alexandria, OH 43001

Granville Public Library
217 E Broadway
Granville, OH 43023-1398

Homer Public Library
385 South Street NW
Homer, OH 43027

Pataskala Public Library
101 S Vine St
Pataskala, OH 43062-9210

Museums[edit | edit source]

Licking County Historical Society
PO Box 785
5 N 6th Street
Newark, OH 43055-0785

Flint Ridge State Memorial Ohio Historical Society
15300 Flint Ridge Rd
Glenford, OH 43739

Licking Valley Heritage Society
71 Hilltop Dr NE
Newark, OH 43055

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Licking County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Licking County Genealogical Society
Licking County Library
101 W Main St
Newark, OH 43055-5054
Phone: 740-349-5510

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ‘’Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries;’’ Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Licking County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Newark, OH Licking County Courthouse Fire, Apr 1875.
  7. New York Times March 30, 1879 Article. "A County Court House in Flames" ($)
  8. Licking County Research Article
  9. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  10. ‘’Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries;’’ Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "Licking County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 23 December 2018.