Leavenworth County, Kansas Genealogy

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Guide to Leavenworth County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Leavenworth
Organized: August 30, 1855
Parent County(s): Original county [1]
Neighboring Counties
Atchison  • Douglas  • Jefferson  • Johnson  • Platte (MO)  • Wyandotte
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Leavenworth County svg.bmp

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Henry Leavenworth, an officer in the War of 1812. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Leavenworth County Courthouse
601 S. Third St. Ste 3051
Leavenworth, Kansas 66048-2781
Phone: 913.684.0700
Leavenworth County Website

Probate Judge has marriage and probate records from 1855.
Register of Deeds has land records.
Clerk District Court has court and naturalization records from 1855. [1]

Leavenworth County, Kansas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1855 1887 1855 1856 1855 1855
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[4]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1911 Fire destroyed the Leavenworth County courthouse on 22 March, along with all of the county records. [5]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Alexandria
  • Delaware
  • Easton
  • Fairmount
  • High Prairie
  • Kickapoo
  • Reno
  • Sherman
  • Stranger
  • Tonganoxie

Prior to July 2014, some residences south of Hwy 24/40 in Leavenworth County had postal addresses of Bonner Springs, Kansas.

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Leavenworth County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 12,606
1870 32,444 157.4%
1880 32,355 −0.3%
1890 38,485 18.9%
1900 40,940 6.4%
1910 41,207 0.7%
1920 38,402 −6.8%
1930 42,673 11.1%
1940 41,112 −3.7%
1950 42,361 3.0%
1960 48,524 14.5%
1970 53,340 9.9%
1980 54,809 2.8%
1990 64,371 17.4%
2000 68,691 6.7%
2010 76,227 11.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[7] See links listed below.

Ward Divisions of the City of Leavenworth[edit | edit source]

The city of Leavenworth was divided into wards for several federal and state censuses (four wards in the censuses of 1860, 1865, 1870, and 1885; six wards in the censuses of 1895, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1940). The 1880 census used nine Enumeration Districts, and the 1930 census used ten EDs. The 1875 census reported the entire city in a single unit.

Additional material is under research to identify the boundaries of these wards.

State and Territorial Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[8] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Leavenworth

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Kansas Land and Property

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Leavenworth County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Atchison CountyJefferson CountyDouglas CountyJohnson CountyWyandotte CountyPlatte County, MissouriLeavenworth, Kansas.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Leavenworth County, Kansas Genealogy for European and African American settlers included:

Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Online Collections[edit | edit source]

These collections are unique to Kansas. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Kansas Military Records.

Collections Covering Multiple Wars

Civil War
Leavenworth County furnished more troops in the Civil War than any other county in the State.  By May 20, 1861, eighteen companies had been organized and were ready for service.  These companies were known as follows: Home Guards, Leavenworth Fencibles, German Rifles, Leavenworth Guards, Emmett Guards, Steuben Guards, Delaware Guards, Delaware Rifles, Lincoln Rangers, Mounted Rifles, Leavenworth Grays, Shields Guards, Phoenix Guards, Union Guards, Leavenworth Light Infantry, Lafayette Guards, Lane Rifles,  Leavenworth Rifles, Stranger Township Union Home Guards, Kickapoo Guards, Captain Black's Guards, Lyon Guards, Fourth Ward Guards, "Old Guards", Third Ward Guards, Leavenworth Mercantile Guards and Leavenworth Light Cavalry.   During the Civil War men from this county enlisted in the 1st Regiment, Kansas Infantry; 7th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry;11th Regiment, Kansas Infantry15th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry, Companies C, F, L, and K; and the 17th Regiment, Kansas Infantry

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

For further information see Kansas Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Kansas Newspapers Online

Kansas Newspaper Catalogs

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Leavenworth and click Probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Leavenworth County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Kansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Leavenworth County. For state-wide library facilities, see Kansas Archives and Libraries.

  • Leavenworth Public Library
    417 Spruce Street
    Leavenworth, KS 66048
    Phone 913-682-5666

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Leavenworth County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Kansas Societies.

  • Basehor Historical Society
    PO Box 76
    17271 Hollingsworth Road
    Basehor, Kansas, 66007
    Phone 913-724-4022
  • Basehor Kansas Historical Society
    PO Box 35
    2812 155th Street
    Basehor, Kansas, 66007
    Phone 913-724-4022
  • Easton Kansas Historical Society
    Phone 913-683-2052
  • Fort Leavenworth Historical Society
    LTC Chris Johnson
    /Department of Military History
    US Army Command and General Staff College
    100 Stimson Ave br> Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027
    Phone 913-684-3349
  • Leavenworth County Historical Society
    1128 5th Ave
    Leavenworth, KS 66048
    Phone 913-682-7759
  • Tonganoxie Historical Society
    201 West Washington Street
    Tonganoxie, Kansas, 66086
    Phone 913-845-2960
  • Former Leavenworth County Genealogy Society Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Leavenworth County, Kansas. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Leavenworth, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leavenworth_County,_Kansas" 9/08/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Leavenworth County, Kansas. Page 252 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 237.
  4. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  5. "Leavenworth, KS Courthouse Fire" at http://www.gendisasters.com/kansas/7580/leavenworth-ks-courthouse-fire-mar-1911
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Leavenworth County, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leavenworth_County,_Kansas#Communities, accessed 21 September 2017.
  7. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.
  9. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in Oregon National Historic Trail at http://www.nps.gov/oreg/planyourvisit/maps.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  10. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in California National Historic Trail at http://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/maps.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  11. National Park Service, "Auto Tour Route Maps" in Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail at http://www.nps.gov/mopi/planyourvisit/maps.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).