Lawrence County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Lawrence County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Ironton
Organized: March 1, 1817[1]
Parent County(s): Gallia, Sciota[2]
Neighboring Counties
Scioto  • Jackson  • Gallia  • Wayne (WV)  • Cabell (WV)  • Boyd (KY)  • Greenup (KY)
See County Maps
Lawrence County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH lawrence.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for James Lawrence, naval hero in the War of 1812. It is located in the Southcentral area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Lawrence County Courthouse
111 S 4th St
Ironton, OH 45638
Phone: 740-547-3500
Lawrence County Courthouse

Probate Court has birth records 1864-1908, marriage records from 1900, death records 1868-1933 and probate records from 1817;
County Health Department has birth and death records from 1908;
Clerk Court has court records from 1817 and divorce records from 1819;
County Recorder has land records from 1817[4]

Lawrence County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1864 1817 1868 1817 1817 1817 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Lawrence County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 3,499
1830 5,367 53.4%
1840 9,738 81.4%
1850 15,246 56.6%
1860 23,249 52.5%
1870 31,380 35.0%
1880 39,068 24.5%
1890 39,556 1.2%
1900 39,534 −0.1%
1910 39,488 −0.1%
1920 39,540 0.1%
1930 44,541 12.6%
1940 46,705 4.9%
1950 49,115 5.2%
1960 55,438 12.9%
1970 56,868 2.6%
1980 63,849 12.3%
1990 61,834 −3.2%
2000 62,319 0.8%
2010 62,450 0.2%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

  • Howe, Henry, History of Lawrence County, Ohio, 1816-1889 (Knightstown, Ind.: The Bookmark, Reprint 1977) online at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Lawrence County Historical Book Committee, History of Lawrence County, Ohio, (Waynesville, North Carolina: Don Mills, 1990). FHL book 977.188 H2h
  • Ohio Genealogical Society, Lawrence County Chapter, History of Lawrence County, Ohio, (Waynesville, North Carolina: County Heritage, 2004). FHL book 977.188 H2hL v.2
  • A Story About Lawrence County, Ohio: Historical Background, (Huntington, West Virginia: Paul Brown Publishing, 1966). FHL book 977.188 H2s

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Jackson CountyGallia CountyScioto CountyGreenup CountyBoyd CountyWayne CountyCabell CountyOH LAWRENCE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Lawrence County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that had many men from Lawrence County.

- 4th Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Companies G and I
- George's Independent Company, Ohio Cavalry

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Lawrence County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Lawrence County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Lawrence County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Lawrence County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Briggs Lawrence County Public Library
Main Library
321 S 4th St
Ironton, OH 45638

Museums[edit | edit source]

The Lawrence County Museum
506 S 6th St
Ironton, OH 45638

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Lawrence County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Lawrence County Genealogical Society
PO Box 1035
Proctorville, OH 45669-1035

Lawrence County Historical Society, The Lawrenceville Register
506 S 6th St
Ironton, OH 45638

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Lawrence County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Lawrence County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 23 December 2018.